Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences

David Fahey

David Fahey

My research interests are focused around measurements of trace gases and aerosols in the troposphere and lower stratosphere and the interpretation of these measurements to advance understanding and support decision making.


Current Research

I am currently Director of the Chemical Sciences Division of NOAA’s Earth System Research Laboratory in Boulder. The Division’s mission is to advance scientific understanding of three major environmental and societal issues of our time, namely, climate change, air quality and the stratospheric ozone layer, through research on the chemical and physical processes that affect Earth’s atmospheric composition. My personal research interests are measurements of trace gases and aerosols in the troposphere and lower stratosphere and the interpretation of these measurements to advance understanding and support decision making. My current interests include water vapor and ice microphysics in the lower stratosphere, the role of black carbon and other aerosols in climate and air quality, the role of aviation in climate, and reducing the uncertainty in the calculation of radiative forcing of present day carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.


  • Best New Paper on a Montreal Protocol Related Topic in the Science Category

View Publications

  • Gao, RS, T Gierczak, TD Thornberry, AW Rollins, JB Burkholder, H Telg, C Voigt, T Peter and DW Fahey (2016), Persistent Water-Nitric Acid Condensate with Saturation Water Vapor Pressure Greater than That of Hexagonal Ice. J. Phys. Chem. A Version: 1 120 (9) 1431-1440, issn: 1089-5639, ids: DG4KX, doi: 10.1021/acs.jpca.5b06357, PubMed ID: 26447682
  • Schwarz, JP, AE Perring, MZ Markovic, RS Gao, S Ohata, J Langridge, D Law, R McLaughlin and DW Fahey (2015), Technique and theoretical approach for quantifying the hygroscopicity of black-carbon-containing aerosol using a single particle soot photometer. J. Aerosol. Sci. Version: 1 81 110-126, issn: 0021-8502, ids: CF0OY, doi: 10.1016/j.jaerosci.2014.11.009
  • Perring, AE, JP Schwarz, D Baumgardner, MT Hernandez, DV Spracklen, CL Heald, RS Gao, G Kok, GR McMeeking, JB McQuaid and DW Fahey (2015), Airborne observations of regional variation in fluorescent aerosol across the United States. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 120 (3) 1153-1170, issn: 2169-897X, ids: CC7KT, doi: 10.1002/2014JD022495
  • Wang, QY, RS Gao, JJ Cao, JP Schwarz, DW Fahey, ZX Shen, TF Hu, P Wang, XB Xu and RJ Huang (2015), Observations of high level of ozone at Qinghai Lake basin in the northeastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, western China. J. Atmos. Chem. Version: 1 72 (1) 19-26, issn: 0167-7764, ids: CG0RQ, doi: 10.1007/s10874-015-9301-9
  • Thornberry, TD, AW Rollins, RS Gao, LA Watts, SJ Ciciora, RJ McLaughlin and DW Fahey (2015), A two-channel, tunable diode laser-based hygrometer for measurement of water vapor and cirrus cloud ice water content in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere. Atmos. Meas. Tech. Version: 1 8 (1) 211-224, issn: 1867-1381, ids: CA5WD, doi: 10.5194/amt-8-211-2015
  • Montzka, SA, M McFarland, SO Andersen, BR Miller, DW Fahey, BD Hall, L Hu, C Siso and JW Elkins (2015), Recent Trends in Global Emissions of Hydrochlorofluorocarbons and Hydrofluorocarbons: Reflecting on the 2007 Adjustments to the Montreal Protocol. J. Phys. Chem. A Version: 1 119 (19) 4439-4449, issn: 1089-5639, ids: CI6YV, doi: 10.1021/jp5097376, PubMed ID: 25405363
  • Velders, GJM, DW Fahey, JS Daniel, SO Andersen and M McFarland (2015), Future atmospheric abundances and climate forcings from scenarios of global and regional hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) emissions. Atmos. Environ. Version: 1 123 (A) 200-209, issn: 1352-2310, ids: DA0PC, doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.10.071
  • Wang, QY, JP Schwarz, JJ Cao, RS Gao, DW Fahey, TF Hu, RJ Huang, YM Han and ZX Shen (2014), Black carbon aerosol characterization in a remote area of Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, western China. Sci. Total Environ. Version: 1 479 151-158, issn: 0048-9697, ids: AE5CZ, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.01.098, PubMed ID: 24561294
  • Gao, RS, KH Rosenlof, DW Fahey, PO Wennberg, EJ Hintsa and TF Hanisco (2014), OH in the tropical upper troposphere and its relationships to solar radiation and reactive nitrogen. J. Atmos. Chem. Version: 1 71 (1) 55-64, issn: 0167-7764, ids: AK8FA, doi: 10.1007/s10874-014-9280-2
  • Rollins, AW, TD Thornberry, RS Gao, JB Smith, DS Sayres, MR Sargent, C Schiller, M Kramer, N Spelten, DF Hurst, AF Jordan, EG Hall, H Vomel, GS Diskin, JR Podolske, LE Christensen, KH Rosenlof, EJ Jensen and DW Fahey (2014), Evaluation of UT/LS hygrometer accuracy by intercomparison during the NASA MACPEX mission. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 119 (4) 1915-1935, issn: 2169-897X, ids: AD3KP, doi: 10.1002/2013JD020817
  • Fahey, DW, RS Gao, O Mohler, H Saathoff, C Schiller, V Ebert, M Kramer, T Peter, N Amarouche, LM Avallone, R Bauer, Z Bozoki, LE Christensen, SM Davis, G Durry, C Dyroff, RL Herman, S Hunsmann, SM Khaykin, P Mackrodt, J Meyer, JB Smith, N Spelten, RF Troy, H Vomel, S Wagner and FG Wienhold (2014), The AquaVIT-1 intercomparison of atmospheric water vapor measurement techniques. Atmos. Meas. Tech. Version: 1 7 (9) 3177-3213, issn: 1867-1381, ids: AQ8WR, doi: 10.5194/amt-7-3177-2014
  • Gao, RS, TD Thornberry, RJ McLaughlin and DW Fahey (2013), Note: Compact, two-dimension translatable slit aperture. Rev. Sci. Instrum. Version: 1 84 (11) , Art. No. 116103, issn: 0034-6748, ids: 293OL, doi: 10.1063/1.4829619, PubMed ID: 24289444
  • Ohata, S, N Moteki, J Schwarz, D Fahey and Y Kondo (2013), Evaluation of a Method to Measure Black Carbon Particles Suspended in Rainwater and Snow Samples. Aerosol Sci. Technol. Version: 1 47 (10) 1073-1082, issn: 0278-6826, ids: 222JF, doi: 10.1080/02786826.2013.824067
  • Thornberry, TD, AW Rollins, RS Gao, LA Watts, SJ Ciciora, RJ McLaughlin, C Voigt, B Hall and DW Fahey (2013), Measurement of low-ppm mixing ratios of water vapor in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere using chemical ionization mass spectrometry. Atmos. Meas. Tech. Version: 1 6 (6) 1461-1475, issn: 1867-1381, ids: 193FX, doi: 10.5194/amt-6-1461-2013
  • Gao, RS, AE Perring, TD Thornberry, AW Rollins, JP Schwarz, SJ Ciciora and DW Fahey (2013), A High-Sensitivity Low-Cost Optical Particle Counter Design. Aerosol Sci. Technol. Version: 1 47 (2) 137-145, issn: 0278-6826, ids: 238BA, doi: 10.1080/02786826.2012.733039
  • Schwarz, JP, RS Gao, AE Perring, JR Spackman and DW Fahey (2013), Black carbon aerosol size in snow. Sci Rep Version: 1 3 , Art. No. 1356, issn: 2045-2322, ids: 098RN, doi: 10.1038/srep01356, PubMed ID: 23449011
  • Schwarz, JP, BH Samset, AE Perring, JR Spackman, RS Gao, P Stier, M Schulz, FL Moore, EA Ray and DW Fahey (2013), Global-scale seasonally resolved black carbon vertical profiles over the Pacific. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 40 (20) 5542-5547, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 301DY, doi: 10.1002/2013GL057775
  • Perring, AE, JP Schwarz, RS Gao, AJ Heymsfield, CG Schmitt, M Schnaiter and DW Fahey (2013), Evaluation of a Perpendicular Inlet for Airborne Sampling of Interstitial Submicron Black-Carbon Aerosol. Aerosol Sci. Technol. Version: 1 47 (10) 1066-1072, issn: 0278-6826, ids: 222JF, doi: 10.1080/02786826.2013.821196
  • Gao, RS, J Ballard, LA Watts, TD Thornberry, SJ Ciciora, RJ McLaughlin and DW Fahey (2012), A compact, fast UV photometer for measurement of ozone from research aircraft. Atmos. Meas. Tech. Version: 1 5 (9) 2201-2210, issn: 1867-1381, ids: 015BF, doi: 10.5194/amt-5-2201-2012
  • Weigum, NM, P Stier, JP Schwarz, DW Fahey and JR Spackman (2012), Scales of variability of black carbon plumes over the Pacific Ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 39 , Art. No. L15804, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 988FQ, doi: 10.1029/2012GL052127
  • Schwarz, JP, SJ Doherty, F Li, ST Ruggiero, CE Tanner, AE Perring, RS Gao and DW Fahey (2012), Assessing Single Particle Soot Photometer and Integrating Sphere/Integrating Sandwich Spectrophotometer measurement techniques for quantifying black carbon concentration in snow. Atmos. Meas. Tech. Version: 1 5 (11) 2581-2592, issn: 1867-1381, ids: 046ZK, doi: 10.5194/amt-5-2581-2012
  • Fan, SM, JP Schwarz, J Liu, DW Fahey, P Ginoux, LW Horowitz, H Levy, Y Ming and JR Spackman (2012), Inferring ice formation processes from global-scale black carbon profiles observed in the remote atmosphere and model simulations. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 117 , Art. No. D23205, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 055II, doi: 10.1029/2012JD018126
  • Voigt, C, U Schumann, P Jessberger, T Jurkat, A Petzold, JF Gayet, M Kramer, T Thornberry and DW Fahey (2011), Extinction and optical depth of contrails. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 38 , Art. No. L11806, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 779WM, doi: 10.1029/2011GL047189
  • Thornberry, T, T Gierczak, RS Gao, H Vomel, LA Watts, JB Burkholder and DW Fahey (2011), Laboratory evaluation of the effect of nitric acid uptake on frost point hygrometer performance. Atmos. Meas. Tech. Version: 1 4 (2) 289-296, issn: 1867-1381, ids: 727JZ, doi: 10.5194/amt-4-289-2011
  • de Gouw, JA, AM Middlebrook, C Warneke, R Ahmadov, EL Atlas, R Bahreini, DR Blake, CA Brock, J Brioude, DW Fahey, FC Fehsenfeld, JS Holloway, M Le Henaff, RA Lueb, SA McKeen, JF Meagher, DM Murphy, C Paris, DD Parrish, AE Perring, IB Pollack, AR Ravishankara, AL Robinson, TB Ryerson, JP Schwarz, JR Spackman, A Srinivasan and LA Watts (2011), Organic Aerosol Formation Downwind from the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill. Science Version: 1 331 (6022) 1295-1299, issn: 0036-8075, ids: 732UM, doi: 10.1126/science.1200320, PubMed ID: 21393539
  • Ryerson, TB, KC Aikin, WM Angevine, EL Atlas, DR Blake, CA Brock, FC Fehsenfeld, RS Gao, JA de Gouw, DW Fahey, JS Holloway, DA Lack, RA Lueb, S Meinardi, AM Middlebrook, DM Murphy, JA Neuman, JB Nowak, DD Parrish, J Peischl, AE Perring, IB Pollack, AR Ravishankara, JM Roberts, JP Schwarz, JR Spackman, H Stark, C Warneke and LA Watts (2011), Atmospheric emissions from the Deepwater Horizon spill constrain air-water partitioning, hydrocarbon fate, and leak rate. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 38 , Art. No. L07803, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 751WW, doi: 10.1029/2011GL046726
  • Spackman, JR, RS Gao, JP Schwarz, LA Watts, DW Fahey, L Pfister and TP Bui (2011), Seasonal variability of black carbon mass in the tropical tropopause layer. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 38 , Art. No. L09803, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 764IR, doi: 10.1029/2010GL046343
  • Rollins, AW, TD Thornberry, RS Gao, BD Hall and DW Fahey (2011), Catalytic oxidation of H-2 on platinum: a robust method for generating low mixing ratio H2O standards. Atmos. Meas. Tech. Version: 1 4 (10) 2059-2064, issn: 1867-1381, ids: 842JC, doi: 10.5194/amt-4-2059-2011
  • Perring, AE, JP Schwarz, JR Spackman, R Bahreini, JA de Gouw, RS Gao, JS Holloway, DA Lack, JM Langridge, J Peischl, AM Middlebrook, TB Ryerson, C Warneke, LA Watts and DW Fahey (2011), Characteristics of black carbon aerosol from a surface oil burn during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 38 , Art. No. L17809, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 823PK, doi: 10.1029/2011GL048356
  • Brock, CA, J Cozic, R Bahreini, KD Froyd, AM Middlebrook, A McComiskey, J Brioude, OR Cooper, A Stohl, KC Aikin, JA de Gouw, DW Fahey, RA Ferrare, RS Gao, W Gore, JS Holloway, G Hubler, A Jefferson, DA Lack, S Lance, RH Moore, DM Murphy, A Nenes, PC Novelli, JB Nowak, JA Ogren, J Peischl, RB Pierce, P Pilewskie, PK Quinn, TB Ryerson, KS Schmidt, JP Schwarz, H Sodemann, JR Spackman, H Stark, DS Thomson, T Thornberry, P Veres, LA Watts, C Warneke and AG Wollny (2011), Characteristics, sources, and transport of aerosols measured in spring 2008 during the aerosol, radiation, and cloud processes affecting Arctic Climate (ARCPAC) Project. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 11 (6) 2423-2453, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 742YW, doi: 10.5194/acp-11-2423-2011
  • Huang, XF, RS Gao, JP Schwarz, LY He, DW Fahey, LA Watts, A McComiskey, OR Cooper, TL Sun, LW Zeng, M Hu and YH Zhang (2011), Black carbon measurements in the Pearl River Delta region of China. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 116 , Art. No. D12208, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 787MH, doi: 10.1029/2010JD014933
  • Spackman, JR, RS Gao, WD Neff, JP Schwarz, LA Watts, DW Fahey, JS Holloway, TB Ryerson, J Peischl and CA Brock (2010), Aircraft observations of enhancement and depletion of black carbon mass in the springtime Arctic. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 10 (19) 9667-9680, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 665WG, doi: 10.5194/acp-10-9667-2010
  • Montzka, SA, L Kuijpers, MO Battle, M Aydin, KR Verhulst, ES Saltzman and DW Fahey (2010), Recent increases in global HFC-23 emissions. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 37 , Art. No. L02808, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 550KI, doi: 10.1029/2009GL041195
  • Cross, ES, TB Onasch, A Ahern, W Wrobel, JG Slowik, J Olfert, DA Lack, P Massoli, CD Cappa, JP Schwarz, JR Spackman, DW Fahey, A Sedlacek, A Trimborn, JT Jayne, A Freedman, LR Williams, NL Ng, C Mazzoleni, M Dubey, B Brem, G Kok, R Subramanian, S Freitag, A Clarke, D Thornhill, LC Marr, CE Kolb, DR Worsnop and P Davidovits (2010), Soot Particle StudiesInstrument Inter-ComparisonProject Overview. Aerosol Sci. Technol. Version: 1 44 (8) 592-611, Art. No. PII 924397787, issn: 0278-6826, ids: 626JM, doi: 10.1080/02786826.2010.482113
  • Schwarz, JP, JR Spackman, RS Gao, AE Perring, E Cross, TB Onasch, A Ahern, W Wrobel, P Davidovits, J Olfert, MK Dubey, C Mazzoleni and DW Fahey (2010), The Detection Efficiency of the Single Particle Soot Photometer. Aerosol Sci. Technol. Version: 1 44 (8) 612-628, Art. No. PII 924376370, issn: 0278-6826, ids: 626JM, doi: 10.1080/02786826.2010.481298
  • Warneke, C, KD Froyd, J Brioude, R Bahreini, CA Brock, J Cozic, JA de Gouw, DW Fahey, R Ferrare, JS Holloway, AM Middlebrook, L Miller, S Montzka, JP Schwarz, H Sodemann, JR Spackman and A Stohl (2010), An important contribution to springtime Arctic aerosol from biomass burning in Russia. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 37 , Art. No. L01801, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 542OZ, doi: 10.1029/2009GL041816
  • Schwarz, JP, JR Spackman, RS Gao, LA Watts, P Stier, M Schulz, SM Davis, SC Wofsy and DW Fahey (2010), Global-scale black carbon profiles observed in the remote atmosphere and compared to models. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 37 , Art. No. L18812, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 657RZ, doi: 10.1029/2010GL044372
  • Warneke, C, R Bahreini, J Brioude, CA Brock, JA de Gouw, DW Fahey, KD Froyd, JS Holloway, A Middlebrook, L Miller, S Montzka, DM Murphy, J Peischl, TB Ryerson, JP Schwarz, JR Spackman and P Veres (2009), Biomass burning in Siberia and Kazakhstan as an important source for haze over the Alaskan Arctic in April 2008. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 36 , Art. No. L02813, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 401ZB, doi: 10.1029/2008GL036194
  • Myhre, G, TF Berglen, M Johnsrud, CR Hoyle, TK Berntsen, SA Christopher, DW Fahey, ISA Isaksen, TA Jones, RA Kahn, N Loeb, P Quinn, L Remer, JP Schwarz and KE Yttri (2009), Modelled radiative forcing of the direct aerosol effect with multi-observation evaluation. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 9 (4) 1365-1392, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 411IC, doi: 10.5194/acp-9-1365-2009
  • Papanastasiou, DK, VC Papadimitriou, DW Fahey and JB Burkholder (2009), UV Absorption Spectrum of the ClO Dimer (Cl2O2) between 200 and 420 nm. J. Phys. Chem. A Version: 1 113 (49) 13711-13726, issn: 1089-5639, ids: 527AQ, doi: 10.1021/jp9065345, PubMed ID: 19954253
  • Lee, DS, DW Fahey, PM Forster, PJ Newton, RCN Wit, LL Lim, B Owen and R Sausen (2009), Aviation and global climate change in the 21st century. Atmos. Environ. Version: 1 43 (22-23) 3520-3537, issn: 1352-2310, ids: 470GX, doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.04.024
  • Velders, GJM, DW Fahey, JS Daniel, M McFarland and SO Andersen (2009), The large contribution of projected HFC emissions to future climate forcing. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Version: 1 106 (27) 10949-10954, issn: 0027-8424, ids: 468DX, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0902817106
  • Schwarz, JP, H Stark, JR Spackman, TB Ryerson, J Peischl, WH Swartz, RS Gao, LA Watts and DW Fahey (2009), Heating rates and surface dimming due to black carbon aerosol absorption associated with a major US city. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 36 , Art. No. L15807, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 481NW, doi: 10.1029/2009GL039213
  • Popp, PJ, TP Marcy, RS Gao, LA Watts, DW Fahey, EC Richard, SJ Oltmans, ML Santee, NJ Livesey, L Froidevaux, B Sen, GC Toon, KA Walker, CD Boone and PF Bernath (2009), Stratospheric correlation between nitric acid and ozone. J. Geophys. Res-Atmos. Version: 1 114 , Art. No. D03305, issn: 0148-0227, ids: 406XY, doi: 10.1029/2008JD010875
  • Koch, D, M Schulz, S Kinne, C McNaughton, JR Spackman, Y Balkanski, S Bauer, T Berntsen, TC Bond, O Boucher, M Chin, A Clarke, N De Luca, F Dentener, T Diehl, O Dubovik, R Easter, DW Fahey, J Feichter, D Fillmore, S Freitag, S Ghan, P Ginoux, S Gong, L Horowitz, T Iversen, A Kirkevag, Z Klimont, Y Kondo, M Krol, X Liu, R Miller, V Montanaro, N Moteki, G Myhre, JE Penner, J Perlwitz, G Pitari, S Reddy, L Sahu, H Sakamoto, G Schuster, JP Schwarz, O Seland, P Stier, N Takegawa, T Takemura, C Textor, JA van Aardenne and Y Zhao (2009), Evaluation of black carbon estimations in global aerosol models. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 9 (22) 9001-9026, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 525QX
  • Schwarz, JP, JR Spackman, DW Fahey, RS Gao, U Lohmann, P Stier, LA Watts, DS Thomson, DA Lack, L Pfister, MJ Mahoney, D Baumgardner, JC Wilson and JM Reeves (2008), Coatings and their enhancement of black carbon light absorption in the tropical atmosphere. J. Geophys. Res-Atmos. Version: 1 113 (D3) , Art. No. D03203, issn: 0148-0227, ids: 263RH, doi: 10.1029/2007JD009042
  • Gao, RS, SR Hall, WH Swartz, JP Schwarz, JR Spackman, LA Watts, DW Fahey, KC Aikin, RE Shetter and TP Bui (2008), Calculations of solar shortwave heating rates due to black carbon and ozone absorption using in situ measurements. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 113 (D14) , Art. No. D14203, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 328KV, doi: 10.1029/2007JD009358
  • Kinnison, DE, J Gille, J Barnett, C Randall, VL Harvey, A Lambert, R Khosravi, MJ Alexander, PF Bernath, CD Boone, C Cavanaugh, M Coffey, C Craig, VC Dean, T Eden, D Ellis, DW Fahey, G Francis, C Halvorson, J Hannigan, C Hartsough, C Hepplewhite, C Krinsky, H Lee, B Mankin, TP Marcy, S Massie, B Nardi, D Packman, PJ Popp, ML Santee, V Yudin and KA Walker (2008), Global observations of HNO3 from the High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder (HIRDLS): First results. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 113 (D16) , Art. No. D16S44, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 323FW, doi: 10.1029/2007JD008814
  • Gensch, IV, H Bunz, DG Baumgardner, LE Christensen, DW Fahey, RL Herman, PJ Popp, JB Smith, RF Troy, CR Webster, EM Weinstock, JC Wilson, T Peter and M Kramer (2008), Supersaturations, microphysics and nitric acid partitioning in a cold cirrus cloud observed during CR-AVE 2006: an observation-modelling intercomparison study. Environ. Res. Lett. Version: 1 3 (3) , Art. No. 35003, issn: 1748-9326, ids: 353LN, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/3/3/035003
  • Papadimitriou, VC, RW Portmann, DW Fahey, J Muhle, RF Weiss and JB Burkholder (2008), Experimental and Theoretical Study of the Atmospheric Chemistry and Global Warming Potential of SO(2)F(2). J. Phys. Chem. A Version: 1 112 (49) 12657-12666, issn: 1089-5639, ids: 379WG, doi: 10.1021/jp806368u, PubMed ID: 19053541
  • Schwarz, JP, RS Gao, JR Spackman, LA Watts, DS Thomson, DW Fahey, TB Ryerson, J Peischl, JS Holloway, M Trainer, GJ Frost, T Baynard, DA Lack, JA de Gouw, C Warneke and LA Del Negro (2008), Measurement of the mixing state, mass, and optical size of individual black carbon particles in urban and biomass burning emissions. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 35 (13) , Art. No. L13810, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 327OO, doi: 10.1029/2008GL033968
  • Froidevaux, L, YB Jiang, A Lambert, NJ Livesey, WG Read, JW Waters, RA Fuller, TP Marcy, PJ Popp, RS Gao, DW Fahey, KW Jucks, RA Stachnik, GC Toon, LE Christensen, CR Webster, PF Bernath, CD Boone, KA Walker, HC Pumphrey, RS Harwood, GL Manney, MJ Schwartz, WH Daffer, BJ Drouin, RE Cofield, DT Cuddy, RF Jarnot, BW Knosp, VS Perun, WV Snyder, PC Stek, RP Thurstans and PA Wagner (2008), Validation of Aura Microwave Limb Sounder HCl measurements. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 113 (D15) , Art. No. D15S25, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 303SQ, doi: 10.1029/2007JD009025
  • Wilson, JC, SH Lee, JM Reeves, CA Brock, HH Jonsson, BG Lafleur, M Loewenstein, J Podolske, E Atlas, K Boering, G Toon, D Fahey, TP Bui, G Diskin and F Moore (2008), Steady-state aerosol distributions in the extra-tropical, lower stratosphere and the processes that maintain them. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 8 (22) 6617-6626, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 389FP
  • Spackman, JR, JP Schwarz, RS Gao, LA Watts, DS Thomson, DW Fahey, JS Holloway, JA de Gouw, M Trainer and TB Ryerson (2008), Empirical correlations between black carbon aerosol and carbon monoxide in the lower and middle troposphere. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 35 (19) , Art. No. L19816, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 359LG, doi: 10.1029/2008GL035237
  • Gao, RS, DW Fahey, OB Toon and B Karcher (2004), Humidity, ice, and nitric acid - Response. Science Version: 1 304 (5673) 961-+, issn: 0036-8075, ids: 820IV
  • Marcy, TP, DW Fahey, RS Gao, PJ Popp, EC Richard, TL Thompson, KH Rosenlof, EA Ray, RJ Salawitch, CS Atherton, DJ Bergmann, BA Ridley, AJ Weinheimer, M Loewenstein, EM Weinstock and MJ Mahoney (2004), Quantifying stratospheric ozone in the upper troposphere with in situ measurements of HCl. Science Version: 1 304 (5668) 261-265, issn: 0036-8075, ids: 810QS, doi: 10.1126/science.1093418, PubMed ID: 15073371
  • Gao, RS, PJ Popp, DW Fahey, TP Marcy, RL Herman, EM Weinstock, DG Baumgardner, TJ Garrett, KH Rosenlof, TL Thompson, PT Bui, BA Ridley, SC Wofsy, OB Toon, MA Tolbert, B Karcher, T Peter, PK Hudson, AJ Weinheimer and AJ Heymsfield (2004), Evidence that nitric acid increases relative humidity in low-temperature cirrus clouds. Science Version: 1 303 (5657) 516-520, issn: 0036-8075, ids: 765XM, doi: 10.1126/science.1091255, PubMed ID: 14739457
  • Northway, MJ, JA de Gouw, DW Fahey, RS Gao, C Warneke, JM Roberts and F Flocke (2004), Evaluation of the role of heterogeneous oxidation of alkenes in the detection of atmospheric acetaldehyde. Atmos. Environ. Version: 1 38 (35) 6017-6028, issn: 1352-2310, ids: 864SV, doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2004.06.039
  • Dhaniyala, S, PO Wennberg, RC Flagan, DW Fahey, MJ Northway, RS Gao and TP Bui (2004), Stratospheric aerosol sampling: Effect of a blunt-body housing on inlet sampling characteristics. Aerosol Sci. Technol. Version: 1 38 (11) 1080-1090, issn: 0278-6826, ids: 869NP, doi: 10.1080/027868290885818
  • Popp, PJ, RS Gao, TP Marcy, DW Fahey, PK Hudson, TL Thompson, B Karcher, BA Ridley, AJ Weinheimer, DJ Knapp, DD Montzka, D Baumgardner, TJ Garrett, EM Weinstock, JB Smith, DS Sayres, JV Pittman, S Dhaniyala, TP Bui and MJ Mahoney (2004), Nitric acid uptake on subtropical cirrus cloud particles. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 109 (D6) , Art. No. D06302, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 806ML, doi: 10.1029/2003JD004255
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