Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences

John J. Cassano

John J. Cassano

Cassano's research involves the study of the meteorology and climate of both polar regions using regional climate models and numerical weather prediction models, in-situ and remotely sensed observations, and various data analysis techniques. His main areas of active research include regional climate modeling and model development, analysis of coupled climate system components, and numerical weather prediction.


Current Research

Observing the Antarctic atmosphere with unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)

The Cassano research group has been using UAVs to study the Antarctic atmosphere since 2009. In 2009 and 2012, we flew relatively large (15 kilograms) Aerosonde UAVs to study air-sea coupling at Terra Nova Bay in the western Ross Sea, making the first in-situ wintertime measurements in this climatically important area. These UAVs allowed us to conduct missions of up to 19-hours duration that covered 1,000-plus kilometers but required a six-person field team of engineers, pilots, and scientists and a dedicated runway for the UAV flight operations. 
Starting in 2012, the Cassano research group began experimenting with a small and inexpensive UAV known as the small unmanned meteorological observer (SUMO) (see photo). This UAV is based on a commercially available model-remote-control airplane, weighs less than 0.6 kilograms, and has a wingspan of 0.8 meter. Unlike the larger Aerosonde UAVs, this UAV can be operated by a field team of just two scientists and requires no dedicated facilities other than a laptop computer and a power supply to charge the UAV batteries, making it ideal for use at remote field camps.

In January 2014, John Cassano and a postdoctoral researcher in his group, Melissa Nigro, spent two weeks making atmospheric boundary layer observations with SUMO UAVs at a remote field camp on the Ross Ice Shelf. The data collected during this field campaign were among the first in-situ atmospheric profiles ever collected over the Ross Ice Shelf, providing us with new insights into the behavior of the atmosphere and its coupling to the ice sheet surface. We conducted SUMO flights as often as hourly to document the time evolution of the boundary layer. My group is using these data to determine the physical processes responsible for boundary layer evolution, estimate the amount of heat exchanged between the atmosphere and the ice sheet surface, and evaluate forecasts from numerical weather prediction models. During this field campaign, Cassano maintained a very popular blog on the CIRES website (http://cires.colorado.edu/blogs/antarcticuavs/) that described life and science in Antarctica.


Small unmanned meteorological observer and the 30-meter tall tower automatic weather station on the Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica. Photo credit: John Cassano/CIRES/CU Boulder


View Publications

  • DuVivier, AK and JJ Cassano (2016), Comparison of wintertime mesoscale winds over the ocean around southeastern Greenland in WRF and ERA-Interim. Clim. Dynam. Version: 1 46 (8-Jul) 2197-2211, issn: 0930-7575, ids: DI4AR, doi: 10.1007/s00382-015-2697-8
  • Hughes, M and JJ Cassano (2015), The climatological distribution of extreme Arctic winds and implications for ocean and sea ice processes. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 120 (15) 7358-7377, issn: 2169-897X, ids: CQ3KV, doi: 10.1002/2015JD023189
  • Cassano, EN, JM Glisan, JJ Cassano, WJ Gutowski and MW Seefeldt (2015), Self-organizing map analysis of widespread temperature extremes in Alaska and Canada. Clim. Res. Version: 1 62 (3) 199-218, issn: 0936-577X, ids: CC9CS, doi: 10.3354/cr01274
  • DuVivier, AK and JJ Cassano (2015), Exploration of turbulent heat fluxes and wind stress curl in WRF and ERA-Interim during wintertime mesoscale wind events around southeastern Greenland. J. Geophys. Res-Atmos. Version: 1 120 (9) 3593-3609, issn: 2169-897X, ids: CJ8IY, doi: 10.1002/2014JD022991
  • Cassano, EN, JJ Cassano, ME Higgins and MC Serreze (2014), Atmospheric impacts of an Arctic sea ice minimum as seen in the Community Atmosphere Model. Int. J. Clim. Version: 1 34 (3) 766-779, issn: 0899-8418, ids: AB9EK, doi: 10.1002/joc.3723
  • Cassano, JJ (2014), Weather Bike A Bicycle-Based Weather Station for Observing Local Temperature Variations. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. Version: 1 95 (2) 205-209, issn: 0003-0007, ids: AE1JK, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00044.1
  • Nigro, MA and JJ Cassano (2014), Identification of Surface Wind Patterns over the Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica, Using Self-Organizing Maps. Mon. Weather Rev. Version: 1 142 (7) 2361-2378, issn: 0027-0644, ids: AJ8NV, doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-13-00382.1
  • Knuth, SL and JJ Cassano (2014), Estimating Sensible and Latent Heat Fluxes Using the Integral Method from in situ Aircraft Measurements. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. Version: 1 31 (9) 1964-1981, issn: 0739-0572, ids: AO4WM, doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-14-00008.1
  • Nigro, MA and JJ Cassano (2014), Analysis of the Ross Ice Shelf Airstream Forcing Mechanisms Using Self-Organizing Maps. Mon. Weather Rev. Version: 1 142 (12) 4719-4734, issn: 0027-0644, ids: AU8QE, doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-14-00077.1
  • Cassano, JJ (2014), Observations of atmospheric boundary layer temperature profiles with a small unmanned aerial vehicle. Antarct. Sci. Version: 1 26 (2) 205-213, issn: 0954-1020, ids: AL8GH, doi: 10.1017/S0954102013000539
  • DuVivier, AK and JJ Cassano (2013), Evaluation of WRF Model Resolution on Simulated Mesoscale Winds and Surface Fluxes near Greenland. Mon. Weather Rev. Version: 1 141 (3) 941-963, issn: 0027-0644, ids: 105BM, doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-12-00091.1
  • Glisan, JM, WJ Gutowski, JJ Cassano and ME Higgins (2013), Effects of Spectral Nudging in WRF on Arctic Temperature and Precipitation Simulations. J. Climate Version: 1 26 (12) 3985-3999, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 170WI, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00318.1
  • Moore, GWK, IA Renfrew and JJ Cassano (2013), Greenland plateau jets. Tellus A Version: 1 65 , issn: 0280-6495, ids: 196HF, doi: 10.3402/tellusa.v65i0.17468
  • Nolan, M, EN Cassano and JJ Cassano (2013), Synoptic climatology and recent climate trends at Lake El'gygytgyn. Clim. Past. Version: 1 9 (3) 1271-1286, issn: 1814-9324, ids: 197OE, doi: 10.5194/cp-9-1271-2013
  • Nigro, MA, JJ Cassano and SL Knuth (2012), Evaluation of Antarctic Mesoscale Prediction System (AMPS) cyclone forecasts using infrared satellite imagery. Antarct. Sci. Version: 1 24 (2) 183-192, issn: 0954-1020, ids: 900HU, doi: 10.1017/S0954102011000745
  • Higgins, ME and JJ Cassano (2012), Northern Alaskan land surface response to reduced Arctic sea ice extent. Clim. Dynam. Version: 1 38 (10-Sep) 2099-2113, issn: 0930-7575, ids: 934ML, doi: 10.1007/s00382-011-1095-0
  • Seefeldt, MW and JJ Cassano (2012), A description of the Ross Ice Shelf air stream (RAS) through the use of self-organizing maps (SOMs). J. Geophys. Res-Atmos. Version: 1 117 , issn: 2169-897X, ids: 941ZJ, doi: 10.1029/2011JD016857
  • Porter, DF, JJ Cassano and MC Serreze (2012), Local and large-scale atmospheric responses to reduced Arctic sea ice and ocean warming in the WRF model. J. Geophys. Res-Atmos. Version: 1 117 , issn: 2169-897X, ids: 959WF, doi: 10.1029/2011JD016969
  • Powers, JG, KW Manning, DH Bromwich, JJ Cassano and AM Cayette (2012), A DECADE OF ANTARCTIC SCIENCE SUPPORT THROUGH AMPS. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. Version: 1 93 (11) 1699-1712, issn: 0003-0007, ids: 039AD, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00186.1
  • Lazzara, MA, GA Weidner, LM Keller, JE Thom and JJ Cassano (2012), ANTARCTIC AUTOMATIC WEATHER STATION PROGRAM 30 Years of Polar Observations. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. Version: 1 93 (10) 1519-+, issn: 0003-0007, ids: 024HU, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00015.1
  • Nigro, MA, JJ Cassano, MA Lazzara and LM Keller (2012), Case Study of a Barrier Wind Corner Jet off the Coast of the Prince Olav Mountains, Antarctica. Mon. Weather Rev. Version: 1 140 (7) 2044-2063, issn: 0027-0644, ids: 970VF, doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-11-00261.1
  • Nigro, MA, JJ Cassano and MW Seefeldt (2011), A Weather-Pattern-Based Approach to Evaluate the Antarctic Mesoscale Prediction System (AMPS) Forecasts: Comparison to Automatic Weather Station Observations. Weather Forecast. Version: 1 26 (2) 184-198, issn: 0882-8156, ids: 753FU, doi: 10.1175/2010WAF2222444.1
  • Serreze, MC, AP Barrett and JJ Cassano (2011), Circulation and surface controls on the lower tropospheric air temperature field of the Arctic. J. Geophys. Res-Atmos. Version: 1 116 , issn: 2169-897X, ids: 751WG, doi: 10.1029/2010JD015127
  • Knuth, SL and JJ Cassano (2011), An Analysis of Near-Surface Winds, Air Temperature, and Cyclone Activity in Terra Nova Bay, Antarctica, from 1993 to 2009. J. Appl. Meteor. Clim. Version: 1 50 (3) 662-680, issn: 1558-8424, ids: 750PK, doi: 10.1175/2010JAMC2507.1
  • Porter, DF, JJ Cassano and MC Serreze (2011), Analysis of the Arctic atmospheric energy budget in WRF: A comparison with reanalyses and satellite observations. J. Geophys. Res-Atmos. Version: 1 116 , issn: 2169-897X, ids: 851KP, doi: 10.1029/2011JD016622
  • Cassano, EN, JJ Cassano and M Nolan (2011), Synoptic weather pattern controls on temperature in Alaska. J. Geophys. Res-Atmos. Version: 1 116 , issn: 2169-897X, ids: 776PM, doi: 10.1029/2010JD015341
  • Bailey, A, TN Chase, JJ Cassano and D Noone (2011), Changing Temperature Inversion Characteristics in the US Southwest and Relationships to Large-Scale Atmospheric Circulation. J. Appl. Meteor. Clim. Version: 1 50 (6) 1307-1323, issn: 1558-8424, ids: 786HS, doi: 10.1175/2011JAMC2584.1
  • Cassano, JJ, ME Higgins and MW Seefeldt (2011), Performance of the Weather Research and Forecasting Model for Month-Long Pan-Arctic Simulations. Mon. Weather Rev. Version: 1 139 (11) 3469-3488, issn: 0027-0644, ids: 840XP, doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-10-05065.1
  • Fisel, BJ, WJ Gutowski, JM Hobbs and JJ Cassano (2011), Multiregime states of Arctic atmospheric circulation. J. Geophys. Res-Atmos. Version: 1 116 , Art. No. D20122, issn: 0148-0227, ids: 839AJ, doi: 10.1029/2011JD015790
  • Higgins, ME and JJ Cassano (2010), Response of Arctic 1000 hPa circulation to changes in horizontal resolution and sea ice forcing in the Community Atmospheric Model. J. Geophys. Res-Atmos. Version: 1 115 , issn: 2169-897X, ids: 652MQ, doi: 10.1029/2009JD013440
  • Cassano, EN and JJ Cassano (2010), Synoptic forcing of precipitation in the Mackenzie and Yukon River basins. Int. J. Clim. Version: 1 30 (5) 658-674, issn: 0899-8418, ids: 592AJ, doi: 10.1002/joc.1926
  • Porter, DF, JJ Cassano, MC Serreze and DN Kindig (2010), New estimates of the large-scale Arctic atmospheric energy budget. J. Geophys. Res-Atmos. Version: 1 115 , issn: 2169-897X, ids: 590UP, doi: 10.1029/2009JD012653
  • Schuenemann, KC and JJ Cassano (2010), Changes in synoptic weather patterns and Greenland precipitation in the 20th and 21st centuries: 2. Analysis of 21st century atmospheric changes using self-organizing maps. J. Geophys. Res-Atmos. Version: 1 115 , issn: 2169-897X, ids: 568BI, doi: 10.1029/2009JD011706
  • Schuenemann, KC and JJ Cassano (2009), Changes in synoptic weather patterns and Greenland precipitation in the 20th and 21st centuries: 1. Evaluation of late 20th century simulations from IPCC models. J. Geophys. Res-Atmos. Version: 1 114 , issn: 2169-897X, ids: 513IW, doi: 10.1029/2009JD011705
  • Finnis, J, J Cassano, M Holland, M Serreze and P Uotila (2009), Synoptically forced hydroclimatology of major Arctic watersheds in general circulation models; Part 1: the Mackenzie River Basin. Int. J. Clim. Version: 1 29 (9) 1226-1243, issn: 0899-8418, ids: 471LT, doi: 10.1002/joc.1753
  • Schuenemann, KC, JJ Cassano and J Finnis (2009), Synoptic Forcing of Precipitation over Greenland: Climatology for 1961-99. J. Hydrometeorol. Version: 1 10 (1) 60-78, issn: 1525-755X, ids: 414GX, doi: 10.1175/2008JHM1014.1
  • Finnis, J, JJ Cassano, M Holland, MC Serreze and P Uotila (2009), Synoptically forced hydroclimatology of major Arctic watersheds in general circulation models; Part 2: Eurasian watersheds. Int. J. Clim. Version: 1 29 (9) 1244-1261, issn: 0899-8418, ids: 471LT, doi: 10.1002/joc.1769
  • Skific, N, JA Francis and JJ Cassano (2009), Attribution of Projected Changes in Atmospheric Moisture Transport in the Arctic: A Self-Organizing Map Perspective. J. Climate Version: 1 22 (15) 4135-4153, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 481JA, doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI2645.1
  • Higgins, ME and JJ Cassano (2009), Impacts of reduced sea ice on winter Arctic atmospheric circulation, precipitation, and temperature. J. Geophys. Res-Atmos. Version: 1 114 , issn: 2169-897X, ids: 488KY, doi: 10.1029/2009JD011884
  • Skific, N, JA Francis and JJ Cassano (2009), Attribution of Seasonal and Regional Changes in Arctic Moisture Convergence. J. Climate Version: 1 22 (19) 5115-5134, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 501ZL, doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI2829.1
  • Uotila, P, AB Pezza, JJ Cassano, K Keay and AH Lynch (2009), A comparison of low pressure system statistics derived from a high-resolution NWP output and three reanalysis products over the Southern Ocean. J. Geophys. Res-Atmos. Version: 1 114 , issn: 2169-897X, ids: 492EC, doi: 10.1029/2008JD011583
  • Wyser, K, CG Jones, P Du, E Girard, U Willen, J Cassano, JH Christensen, JA Curry, K Dethloff, JE Haugen, D Jacob, M Koltzow, R Laprise, A Lynch, S Pfeifer, A Rinke, M Serreze, MJ Shaw, M Tjernstrom and M Zagar (2008), An evaluation of Arctic cloud and radiation processes during the SHEBA year: simulation results from eight Arctic regional climate models. Clim. Dynam. Version: 1 30 (3-Feb) 203-223, issn: 0930-7575, ids: 251VI, doi: 10.1007/s00382-007-0286-1
  • Zhang, K, JS Kimball, EH Hogg, MS Zhao, WC Oechel, JJ Cassano and SW Running (2008), Satellite-based model detection of recent climate-driven changes in northern high-latitude vegetation productivity. J. Geophys. Res.-Biogeosci. Version: 1 113 (G3) , Art. No. G03033, issn: 0148-0227, ids: 348HH, doi: 10.1029/2007JG000621
  • Seefeldt, MW and JJ Cassano (2008), An Analysis of Low-Level Jets in the Greater Ross Ice Shelf Region Based on Numerical Simulations. Mon. Weather Rev. Version: 1 136 (11) 4188-4205, issn: 0027-0644, ids: 371VX, doi: 10.1175/2008MWR2455.1
  • Zhang, K, JS Kimball, MS Zhao, WC Oechel, J Cassano and SW Running (2007), Sensitivity of pan-Arctic terrestrial net primary productivity simulations to daily surface meteorology from NCEP-NCAR and ERA-40 reanalyses. J. Geophys. Res.-Biogeosci. Version: 1 112 (G1) , issn: 0148-0227, ids: 136DV, doi: 10.1029/2006JG000249
  • Cassano, JJ, P Uotila, AH Lynch and EN Cassano (2007), Predicted changes in synoptic forcing of net precipitation in large Arctic river basins during the 21st century. J. Geophys. Res.-Biogeosci. Version: 1 112 (G4) , issn: 2169-8953, ids: 230CI, doi: 10.1029/2006JG000332
  • Zhang, K, JS Kimball, KC McDonald, JJ Cassano and SW Running (2007), Impacts of large-scale oscillations on pan-Arctic terrestrial net primary production. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 34 (21) , issn: 0094-8276, ids: 230BG, doi: 10.1029/2007GL031605
  • Uotila, P, AH Lynch, JJ Cassano and RI Cullather (2007), Changes in Antarctic net precipitation in the 21st century based on Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) model scenarios. J. Geophys. Res-Atmos. Version: 1 112 (D10) , issn: 0148-0227, ids: 172XV, doi: 10.1029/2006JD007482
  • Seefeldt, MW, JJ Cassano and TR Parish (2007), Dominant regimes of the Ross Ice Shelf surface wind field during austral autumn 2005. J. Appl. Meteor. Clim. Version: 1 46 (11) 1933-1955, issn: 1558-8424, ids: 240ZO, doi: 10.1175/2007JAMC1442.1
  • Finnis, J, MM Holland, MC Serreze and JJ Cassano (2007), Response of Northern Hemisphere extratropical cyclone activity and associated precipitation to climate change, as represented by the Community Climate System Model. J. Geophys. Res.-Biogeosci. Version: 1 112 (G4) , issn: 2169-8953, ids: 230CI, doi: 10.1029/2006JG000286
  • Rinke, A, K Dethloff, JJ Cassano, JH Christensen, JA Curry, P Du, E Girard, JE Haugen, D Jacob, CG Jones, M Koltzow, R Laprise, AH Lynch, S Pfeifer, MC Serreze, MJ Shaw, M Tjernstrom, K Wyser and M Zagar (2006), Evaluation of an ensemble of Arctic regional climate models: spatiotemporal fields during the SHEBA year. Clim. Dynam. Version: 1 26 (5) 459-472, issn: 0930-7575, ids: 019VW, doi: 10.1007/s00382-005-0095-3
  • Parish, TR, JJ Cassano and MW Seefeldt (2006), Characteristics of the Ross Ice Shelf air stream as depicted in Antarctic Mesoscale Prediction System simulations. J. Geophys. Res-Atmos. Version: 1 111 (D12) , issn: 2169-897X, ids: 062IX, doi: 10.1029/2005JD006185
  • Cassano, JJ, P Uotila and A Lynch (2006), Changes in synoptic weather patterns in the polar regions in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, Part 1: Arctic. Int. J. Clim. Version: 1 26 (8) 1027-1049, issn: 0899-8418, ids: 059BY, doi: 10.1002/joc.1306
  • Cassano, EN, AH Lynch, JJ Cassano and MR Koslow (2006), Classification of synoptic patterns in the western Arctic associated with extreme events at Barrow, Alaska, USA. Clim. Res. Version: 1 30 (2) 83-97, issn: 0936-577X, ids: 039CU, doi: 10.3354/cr030083
  • Lynch, A, P Uotila and JJ Cassano (2006), Changes in synoptic weather patterns in the polar regions in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, part 2: Antarctic. Int. J. Clim. Version: 1 26 (9) 1181-1199, issn: 0899-8418, ids: 063OQ, doi: 10.1002/joc.1305
  • Tjernstrom, M, M Zagar, G Svensson, JJ Cassano, S Pfeifer, A Rinke, K Wyser, K Dethloff, C Jones, T Semmler and M Shaw (2005), Modelling the arctic boundary layer: An evaluation of six arcmip regional-scale models using data from the Sheba project. Bound.-Layer Meteor. Version: 1 117 (2) 337-381, issn: Jun-14, ids: 985HI, doi: 10.1007/s10546-004-7954-z
  • Pavolonis, MJ, JR Key and JJ Cassano (2004), A study of the Antarctic surface energy budget using a Polar regional atmospheric model forced with satellite-derived cloud properties. Mon. Weather Rev. Version: 1 132 (2) 654-661, issn: 0027-0644, ids: 773HV, doi: 10.1175/1520-0493(2004)132<0654%3AASOTAS>2.0.CO%3B2
  • Parish, TR and JJ Cassano (2003), The role of katabatic winds on the Antarctic surface wind regime. Mon. Weather Rev. Version: 1 131 (2) 317-333, issn: 0027-0644, ids: 636RR, doi: 10.1175/1520-0493(2003)131<0317%3ATROKWO>2.0.CO%3B2
  • Parish, TR and JJ Cassano (2003), Diagnosis of the katabatic wind influence on the wintertime Antarctic surface wind field from numerical simulations. Mon. Weather Rev. Version: 1 131 (6) 1128-1139, issn: 0027-0644, ids: 674VC, doi: 10.1175/1520-0493(2003)131<1128%3ADOTKWI>2.0.CO%3B2
  • Lynch, AH, EN Cassano, JJ Cassano and LR Lestak (2003), Case studies of high wind events in Barrow, Alaska: Climatological context and development processes. Mon. Weather Rev. Version: 1 131 (4) 719-732, issn: 0027-0644, ids: 658JM, doi: 10.1175/1520-0493(2003)131<0719%3ACSOHWE>2.0.CO%3B2
  • Bromwich, DH, AJ Monaghan, JG Powers, JJ Cassano, HL Wei, YH Kuo and A Pellegrini (2003), Antarctic Mesoscale Prediction System (AMPS): A case study from the 2000-01 field season. Mon. Weather Rev. Version: 1 131 (2) 412-434, issn: 0027-0644, ids: 636RR, doi: 10.1175/1520-0493(2003)131<0412%3AAMPSAA>2.0.CO%3B2
  • Guo, ZC, DH Bromwich and JJ Cassano (2003), Evaluation of Polar MM5 simulations of Antarctic atmospheric circulation. Mon. Weather Rev. Version: 1 131 (2) 384-411, issn: 0027-0644, ids: 636RR, doi: 10.1175/1520-0493(2003)131<0384%3AEOPMSO>2.0.CO%3B2
  • Cassano, JJ, TR Parish and JC King (2001), Evaluation of turbulent surface flux parameterizations for the stable surface layer over Halley, Antarctica. Mon. Weather Rev. Version: 1 129 (1) 26-46, issn: 0027-0644, ids: 393MZ, doi: 10.1175/1520-0493(2001)129<0026%3AEOTSFP>2.0.CO%3B2
  • Bromwich, DH, JJ Cassano, T Klein, G Heinemann, KM Hines, K Steffen and JE Box (2001), Mesoscale modeling of katabatic winds over Greenland with the Polar MM5. Mon. Weather Rev. Version: 1 129 (9) 2290-2309, issn: 0027-0644, ids: 465XN, doi: 10.1175/1520-0493(2001)129<2290%3AMMOKWO>2.0.CO%3B2
  • Cassano, JJ, JE Box, DH Bromwich, L Li and K Steffen (2001), Evaluation of polar MM5 simulations of Greenland's atmospheric circulation. J. Geophys. Res-Atmos. Version: 1 106 (D24) 33867-33889, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 522DE, doi: 10.1029/2001JD900044
  • Parish, TR and JJ Cassano (2001), Forcing of the wintertime antarctic boundary layer winds from the NCEP-NCAR global reanalysis. J. Appl. Meteorol. Version: 1 40 (4) 810-821, issn: 0894-8763, ids: 420TV, doi: 10.1175/1520-0450(2001)040<0810:FOTWAB>2.0.CO;2
  • Klein, T, G Heinemann, DH Bromwich, JJ Cassano and KM Hines (2001), Mesoscale modeling of katabatic winds over Greenland and comparisons with AWS and aircraft data. Meteorol. Atmos. Phys. Version: 1 78 (2-Jan) 115-132, issn: 0177-7971, ids: 476VY, doi: 10.1007/s007030170010
  • Cassano, JJ and TR Parish (2000), An analysis of the nonhydrostatic dynamics in numerically simulated Antarctic katabatic flows. J. Atmos. Sci. Version: 1 57 (6) 891-898, issn: 0022-4928, ids: 291FR, doi: 10.1175/1520-0469(2000)057<0891:AAOTND>2.0.CO;2