Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences

Judith Perlwitz

Judith Perlwitz

Climate diagnostics, atmospheric dynamics, role of the stratosphere in climate variability and change, attribution of weather and climate-related extremes.


Current Research

Interactions of Stratospheric Ozone with Northern Hemisphere Tropospheric Climate, Arctic sea ice changes and linkages to lower latitudes, linkage between blocking and heatwaves.

 



View Publications

  • Hoerling, M, J Eischeid, J Perlwitz, XW Quan, K Wolter and LY Cheng (2016), Characterizing Recent Trends in U.S. Heavy Precipitation. J. Clim. Version: 1 29 (7) 2313-2332, issn: 0894-8755, ids: DH5GG, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0441.1
  • Perlwitz, J, M Hoerling and R Dole (2015), Arctic Tropospheric Warming: Causes and Linkages to Lower Latitudes. J. Clim. Version: 1 28 (6) 2154-2167, issn: 0894-8755, ids: CD3MV, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00095.1
  • Dole, R, M Hoerling, A Kumar, J Eischeid, J Perlwitz, XW Quan, G Kiladis, R Webb, D Murray, MY Chen, K Wolter and T Zhang (2014), THE MAKING OF AN EXTREME EVENT. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. Version: 1 95 (3) 427-440, issn: 0003-0007, ids: AG1TE, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00069.1
  • Hoerling, M, K Wolter, J Perlwitz, XW Quan, J Eischeid, HL Wang, S Schubert, H Diaz and R Dole (2014), NORTHEAST COLORADO EXTREME RAINS INTERPRETED IN A CLIMATE CHANGE CONTEXT. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. Version: 1 95 (9) S15-S18, issn: 0003-0007, ids: AT3FD
  • Karpechko, AY, J Perlwitz and E Manzini (2014), A model study of tropospheric impacts of the Arctic ozone depletion 2011. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 119 (13) , Art. No. 2013JD021350, issn: 2169-897X, ids: AN2IK, doi: 10.1002/2013JD021350
  • Shaw, TA, J Perlwitz and O Weiner (2014), Troposphere-stratosphere coupling: Links to North Atlantic weather and climate, including their representation in CMIP5 models. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 119 (10) 5864-5880, issn: 2169-897X, ids: AJ5YQ, doi: 10.1002/2013JD021191
  • Zhang, T, J Perlwitz and MP Hoerling (2014), What is responsible for the strong observed asymmetry in teleconnections between El Nino and La Nina?. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 41 (3) 1019-1025, issn: 0094-8276, ids: AD1JO, doi: 10.1002/2013GL058964
  • Shaw, TA and J Perlwitz (2014), On the Control of the Residual Circulation and Stratospheric Temperatures in the Arctic by Planetary Wave Coupling. J. Atmos. Sci. Version: 1 71 (1) 195-206, issn: 0022-4928, ids: 278ZM, doi: 10.1175/JAS-D-13-0138.1
  • Quan, XW, MP Hoerling, J Perlwitz, HF Diaz and TY Xu (2014), How Fast Are the Tropics Expanding?. J. Clim. Version: 1 27 (5) 1999-2013, issn: 0894-8755, ids: AB3KO, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00287.1
  • Shaw, TA and J Perlwitz (2013), The Life Cycle of Northern Hemisphere Downward Wave Coupling between the Stratosphere and Troposphere. J. Clim. Version: 1 26 (5) 1745-1763, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 098TK, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00251.1
  • Hoerling, M, A Kumar, R Dole, JW Nielsen-Gammon, J Eischeid, J Perlwitz, XW Quan, T Zhang, P Pegion and MY Chen (2013), Anatomy of an Extreme Event. J. Clim. Version: 1 26 (9) 2811-2832, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 133SH, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00270.1
  • Lott, FC, PA Stott, DM Mitchell, N Christidis, NP Gillett, L Haimberger, J Perlwitz and PW Thorne (2013), Models versus radiosondes in the free atmosphere: A new detection and attribution analysis of temperature. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 118 (6) 2609-2619, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 129MB, doi: 10.1002/jgrd.50255
  • Eyring, V, JM Arblaster, I Cionni, J Sedlacek, J Perliwitz, PJ Young, S Bekki, D Bergmann, P Cameron-Smith, WJ Collins, G Faluvegi, KD Gottschaldt, LW Horowitz, DE Kinnison, JF Lamarque, DR Marsh, D Saint-Martin, DT Shindell, K Sudo, S Szopa and S Watanabe (2013), Long-term ozone changes and associated climate impacts in CMIP5 simulations. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 118 (10) 5029-5060, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 229NB, doi: 10.1002/jgrd.50316
  • Santer, BD, JF Painter, CA Mears, C Doutriaux, P Caldwell, JM Arblaster, PJ Cameron-Smith, NP Gillett, PJ Gleckler, J Lanzante, J Perlwitz, S Solomon, PA Stott, KE Taylor, L Terray, PW Thorne, MF Wehner, FJ Wentz, TML Wigley, LJ Wilcox and CZ Zou (2013), Identifying human influences on atmospheric temperature. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. Version: 1 110 (1) 26-33, issn: 0027-8424, ids: 071XI, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1210514109, PubMed ID: 23197824
  • Hoerling, M, J Eischeid, J Perlwitz, XW Quan, T Zhang and P Pegion (2012), On the Increased Frequency of Mediterranean Drought. J. Climate Version: 1 25 (6) 2146-2161, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 910EP, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00296.1
  • Galarneau, TJ, TM Hamill, RM Dole and J Perlwitz (2012), A Multiscale Analysis of the Extreme Weather Events over Western Russia and Northern Pakistan during July 2010. Mon. Weather Rev. Version: 1 140 (5) 1639-1664, issn: 0027-0644, ids: 939EQ, doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-11-00191.1
  • Gerber, EP, A Butler, N Calvo, A Charlton-Perez, M Giorgetta, E Manzini, J Perlwitz, LM Polvani, F Sassi, AA Scaife, TA Shaw, SW Son and S Watanabe (2012), ASSESSING AND UNDERSTANDING THE IMPACT OF STRATOSPHERIC DYNAMICS AND VARIABILITY ON THE EARTH SYSTEM. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. Version: 1 93 (6) 845-859, issn: 0003-0007, ids: 964VI, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00145.1
  • Zhang, T, MP Hoerling, J Perlwitz, DZ Sun and D Murray (2011), Physics of US Surface Temperature Response to ENSO. J. Clim. Version: 1 24 (18) 4874-4887, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 823WN, doi: 10.1175/2011JCLI3944.1
  • Harnik, N, J Perlwitz and TA Shaw (2011), Observed Decadal Changes in Downward Wave Coupling between the Stratosphere and Troposphere in the Southern Hemisphere. J. Clim. Version: 1 24 (17) 4558-4569, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 821SD, doi: 10.1175/2011JCLI4118.1
  • Butchart, N, AJ Charlton-Perez, I Cionni, SC Hardiman, PH Haynes, K Kruger, PJ Kushner, PA Newman, SM Osprey, J Perlwitz, M Sigmond, L Wang, H Akiyoshi, J Austin, S Bekki, A Baumgaertner, P Braesicke, C Bruhl, M Chipperfield, M Dameris, S Dhomse, V Eyring, R Garcia, H Garny, P Jockel, JF Lamarque, M Marchand, M Michou, O Morgenstern, T Nakamura, S Pawson, D Plummer, J Pyle, E Rozanov, J Scinocca, TG Shepherd, K Shibata, D Smale, H Teyssedre, W Tian, D Waugh and Y Yamashita (2011), Multimodel climate and variability of the stratosphere. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 116 , Art. No. D05102, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 731DX, doi: 10.1029/2010JD014995
  • Dole, R, M Hoerling, J Perlwitz, J Eischeid, P Pegion, T Zhang, XW Quan, TY Xu and D Murray (2011), Was there a basis for anticipating the 2010 Russian heat wave?. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 38 , Art. No. L06702, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 782JJ, doi: 10.1029/2010GL046582
  • Achberger, Christine, Steven A. Ackerman, A. Ahlstrom, Eric J. Alfaro, Robert J. Allan, Robert J. Alves, Jorge A. Amador, Vincent Amelie, Solonomenjanahary Andrianjafinirina, John Antonov, Derek S. Arndt, Igor Ashik, Zachary Atheru, Samar M. Attaher, Julian Baez, Viva Banzon, Molly O. Baringer, Sandra Barreira, David Barriopedro, Pawan K. Barthia, Lisa M. Beal, Andreas Becker, Michael J. Behrenfeld, Gerald D. Bell, Alan S. Belward, Angela Benedetti, Paul Berrisford, David I. Berry, Agnieszka Beszczynska-Moeller, Uma S. Bhatt, Mario Bidegain, Nathaniel L. Bindoff, Peter Bissolli, Eric S. Blake, Jessica Blunden, Prithiviraj Booneeady, Michael G. Bosilovich, Dagne R. Boudet, Jason E. Box, Timothy P. Boyer, David H. Bromwich, Ross Brown, Harry L. Bryden, Olga N. Bulygina, John Burrows, J. Butler, Philippe Cais, Blanca Calderon, T. V. Callaghan, Suzana J. Camargo, John Cappelen, Eddy Carmack, Don P. Chambers, Muthuvel Chelliah, Maria P. Chidichimo, H. Christiansen, John Christy, Caio A. S. Coehlo, Steve Colwell, Josefino C. Comiso, Gilber P. Compo, Jake Crouch, Stuart A. Cunningham, Virgen C. Cutie, Aiguo Dai, Valentina Davydova-Belitskaya, Richard de Jeu, David Decker, Dick Dee, M. Demircan, Chris Derksen, Howard J. Diamond, Howard Dlugokencky, Kathleen Dohan, A. Johannes Dolman, Wouter Dorigo, Dmitry S. Drozdov, Paul J. Durack, Geoffrey S. Dutton, David Easterling, Ayataka Ebita, Jon Eischeid, James W. Elkins, Howard E. Epstein, Christian Euscategui, Eleanor Faijka-Williams, James S. Famiglietti, Rija Faniriantsoa, Richard A. Feely, Balazs M. Fekete, Chris Fenimore, Xavier Fettweis, Eric Field, Vitali E. Fioletov, Vitali E. Fogarty, Ryan L. Fogt, B. C. Forbes, Michael J. Foster, E. Frajka-Williams, Melissa Free, Ivan Frolov, A. L. Ganesan, Catherine Ganter, Ethan J. Gibney, Stephen Gill, M. Gill, Wilson Gitau, Karin L. Gleason, Nadine Gobron, Stanley B. Goldenberg, Gustavo J. Goni, Idelmis G. Gonzalez, Simon A. Good, Jonathan Gottschalck, William A. Gould, Celia M. Gouveia, Georgina M. Griffiths, Chip Guard, Vladimir V. Guevara, C. Haas, Bradley D. Hall, Michael S. Halpert, Andrew K. Heidinger, A. Heil, Jr. Richard R. Heim, Paula A. Hennon, Greg H. R. Henry, Hugo G. Hidalgo, Kyle Hilburn, Joel J. M. Hirschi, Shu-peng Ho, Jay S. Hobgood, Martin Hoerling, Simon Holgate, Simon J. Hook, Sebastien Hugony, D. Hurst, Hiroshi Ishihara, M. Itoh, Ena Jaimes, Martin Jeffries, Gensu J. Jia, Xiangze Jin, William E. John, Bryan Johnson, Gregory C. Johnson, Philip D. Jones, Guillaume Jumaux, Khadija Kabidi, Johannes W. Kaiser, Torsten O. Kanzow, Alexey Kaplan, Edward J. Kearns, Linda M. Keller, John J. Kennedy, Samar Khatiwala, Alexander Kholodov, Mahbobeh Khoshkam, T. Kikuchi, Todd B. Kimberlain, John A. Knaff, Shinya Kobayashi, Steve V. Kokelj, Natalia N. Korshunova, David P. Kratz, Richard Krishfield, Andries Kruger, Michael C. Kruk, Kumar Arun, Richard B. Lammers, Mark A. Lander, Chris W. Landsea, Hugues Lantuit, Trevor C. Lantz, Braulio P. Lapinel, Zubair Lareef, Matthew A. Lazzara, Antonia L. Leon, Gloria Leon, Eric Lauliette, Sydney Levitus, Joel M. Levy, Michelle L'Heureux, I. I. Lin, Hongxing Liu, Yanju Liu, Yi Liu, Norman G. Loeb, Craig S. Long, Andrew M. Lorrey, Rick Lumpkin, Jing-Jia Luo, John M. Lyman, Alison M. Macdonald, Brent C. Maddux, Frank Maier, Galina Malkova, Sergey Marchenko, Jose A. Marengo, Stephane Maritorena, Jochem Marotzke, Rodney Martinez Guingla, Jochem Maslanik, Robert A. Masson, Charlotte McBride, Simon McGree, Fiona McLaughlin, Rich McPeters, Tim R. McVicar, Carl A. Mears, Mahmoud A. Medany, Walt Meier, Christopher S. Meinen, Mark A. Merrifield, Laury Miller, Gary T. Mitchum, Steve Montzka, Jean-Jacques Morcrette, Thomas Mote, Jens Muhle, A. Brett Mullan, Don Murray, Eric R. Nash, Steven R. Nerem, Paul A. Newman, S. Nishino, Leonard Njau, J. Noetzli, S. F. Oberbauer, Naum Oberman, Andre Obregon, Laban Ogallo, Christopher Oludhe, Robert T. O'Malley, James Overland, Geun-Ha Park, David E. Parker, Richard J. Pasch, Phil Pegion, Alexandre Peltier, Mauri S. Pelto, Olga C. Penalba, Ramon S. Perez, Judith Perlwitz, Donald Perovich, Thomas C. Peterson, Alexandre B. Pezza, David Phillips, Jorge E. Pinzon, Michael C. Pitts, A. Proshutinsky, S. Quegan, Juan Quintana, Alexander Quintero, B. Rabe, Fatemeh Rahimzadeh, Madhavan Rajeevan, Darren Rayner, Nick A. Rayner, Martha K. Raynolds, Vyacheslav N. Razuvaev, James R. Reagan, Phillip Reid, James A. Renwick, Jayashree Revadekar, Richard W. Reynolds, Jacqueline Richter-Menge, Eric Rignot, David A. Robinson, Matthew Rodell, Mark Rogers, Vladimir Romanovsky, Fernando Romero-Cruz, Josyane Ronchail, Karen Rosenlof, Shawn Rossi, Glenn Rutledge, Sassan Saatchi, Christopher L. Sabine, Suranjana Saha, Ahira Sanchez-Lugo, Michelle L. Santee, Hitoshi Sato, P. Sawaengphokhai, Amal Sayouri, Ted A. Scambos, U. Schauer, Jae Schemm, Claudia Schmid, Philipp Schneider, Dominique Schueller, Serhat Sensoy, Martin Sharp, Gus R. Shaver, Alexander Shiklomanov, N. Shiklomanov, Koji Shimada, David A. Siegel, Adrian Simmons, Maria Skansi, Adam Smith, Cathy Smith, S. Smith, Thomas M. Smith, Vladimir Sokolov, Jacqueline M. Spence, Arvind Kumar Srivastava, Jr. Paul W. Stackhouse, Sharon Stammerjohn, Mike Steele, Wolfgang Steinbrecht, Tannecia S. Stephenson, Richard S. Stolarski, Lloyd Tahani, Taro Takahashi, Michael A. Taylor, Jean-Noel Thepaut, Wassila M. Thiaw, Peter W. Thorne, M. L. Timmermans, Skie Tobin, John Toole, Blair C. Trewin, Ricardo M. Trigo, Compton J. Tucker, Craig E. Tweedie, D. van As, R. S. W. van de Wal, Ronald J. van der A, G. R. van der Werf, Robert Vautard, G. Vieira, Lucie A. Vincent, Lucie A. Vinther, B. Vinther, Russell Vose, Wolfgang Wagner, John Wahr, David A. Walker, John Walsh, Chunzai Wang, Junhong Wang, Lei Wang, Muyin Wang, Sheng-Hung Wang, Rik Wanninkhof, Scott Weaver, Patrick J. Webber, Mark Weber, Robert A. Weller, James Weyman, Robert Whitewood, Susan E. Wijffels, Anne C. Wilber, Katharine M. Willett, W. Williams, Joshua K. Willis, Gabriel Wolken, Takmeng Wong, Rebecca Woodgate, Philip Woodworth, Alex J. Wovrosh, Yan Xue, M. Yamamoto-Kawai, Xungang Yin, Lisan Yu, Liangying Zhang, Peiqun Zhang, L. Zhao, Xinjia Zhou and S. Zimmermann (2011), STATE OF THE CLIMATE IN 2010. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. Version: 1 92 (6) S17-+, ids: 0003-0007
  • Shaw, TA, J Perlwitz, N Harnik, PA Newman and S Pawson (2011), The Impact of Stratospheric Ozone Changes on Downward Wave Coupling in the Southern Hemisphere. J. Clim. Version: 1 24 (16) 4210-4229, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 814XN, doi: 10.1175/2011JCLI4170.1
  • Li, SL, J Perlwitz, MP Hoerling and XT Chen (2010), Opposite Annular Responses of the Northern and Southern Hemispheres to Indian Ocean Warming. J. Clim. Version: 1 23 (13) 3720-3738, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 628GA, doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3410.1
  • Shaw, TA and J Perlwitz (2010), The Impact of Stratospheric Model Configuration on Planetary-Scale Waves in Northern Hemisphere Winter. J. Clim. Version: 1 23 (12) 3369-3389, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 623ZM, doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3438.1
  • Shaw, TA, J Perlwitz and N Harnik (2010), Downward Wave Coupling between the Stratosphere and Troposphere. The Importance of Meridional Wave Guiding and Comparison with Zonal-Mean Coupling. J. Clim. Version: 1 23 (23) 6365-6381, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 696HP, doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3804.1
  • Hoerling, M, J Eischeid and J Perlwitz (2010), Regional Precipitation Trends: Distinguishing Natural Variability from Anthropogenic Forcing. J. Clim. Version: 1 23 (8) 2131-2145, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 594LE, doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI3420.1
  • Kumar, A, J Perlwitz, J Eischeid, XW Quan, TY Xu, T Zhang, M Hoerling, B Jha and WQ Wang (2010), Contribution of sea ice loss to Arctic amplification. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 37 , Art. No. L21701, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 676TO, doi: 10.1029/2010GL045022
  • Son, SW, EP Gerber, J Perlwitz, LM Polvani, NP Gillett, KH Seo, V Eyring, TG Shepherd, D Waugh, H Akiyoshi, J Austin, A Baumgaertner, S Bekki, P Braesicke, C Bruhl, N Butchart, MP Chipperfield, D Cugnet, M Dameris, S Dhomse, S Frith, H Garny, R Garcia, SC Hardiman, P Jockel, JF Lamarque, E Mancini, M Marchand, M Michou, T Nakamura, O Morgenstern, G Pitari, DA Plummer, J Pyle, E Rozanov, JF Scinocca, K Shibata, D Smale, H Teyssedre, W Tian and Y Yamashita (2010), Impact of stratospheric ozone on Southern Hemisphere circulation change: A multimodel assessment. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 115 , Art. No. D00M07, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 666BS, doi: 10.1029/2010JD014271
  • Koch, D, M Schulz, S Kinne, C McNaughton, JR Spackman, Y Balkanski, S Bauer, T Berntsen, TC Bond, O Boucher, M Chin, A Clarke, N De Luca, F Dentener, T Diehl, O Dubovik, R Easter, DW Fahey, J Feichter, D Fillmore, S Freitag, S Ghan, P Ginoux, S Gong, L Horowitz, T Iversen, A Kirkevag, Z Klimont, Y Kondo, M Krol, X Liu, R Miller, V Montanaro, N Moteki, G Myhre, JE Penner, J Perlwitz, G Pitari, S Reddy, L Sahu, H Sakamoto, G Schuster, JP Schwarz, O Seland, P Stier, N Takegawa, T Takemura, C Textor, JA van Aardenne and Y Zhao (2009), Evaluation of black carbon estimations in global aerosol models. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 9 (22) 9001-9026, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 525QX
  • Waugh, DW, L Oman, PA Newman, RS Stolarski, S Pawson, JE Nielsen and J Perlwitz (2009), Effect of zonal asymmetries in stratospheric ozone on simulated Southern Hemisphere climate trends. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 36 , Art. No. L18701, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 499OT, doi: 10.1029/2009GL040419
  • Perlwitz, J, M Hoerling, J Eischeid, TY Xu and A Kumar (2009), A strong bout of natural cooling in 2008. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 36 , Art. No. L23706, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 531ZP, doi: 10.1029/2009GL041188
  • Fogt, RL, J Perlwitz, AJ Monaghan, DH Bromwich, JM Jones and GJ Marshall (2009), Historical SAM Variability. Part II: Twentieth-Century Variability and Trends from Reconstructions, Observations, and the IPCC AR4 Models. J. Climate Version: 1 22 (20) 5346-5365, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 510HY, doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI2786.1
  • Fogt, RL, J Perlwitz, S Pawson and MA Olsen (2009), Intra-annual relationships between polar ozone and the SAM. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 36 , Art. No. L04707, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 412MV, doi: 10.1029/2008GL036627
  • Neff, W, J Perlwitz and M Hoerling (2008), Observational evidence for asymmetric changes in tropospheric heights over Antarctica on decadal time scales. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 35 (18) , Art. No. L18703, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 351AE, doi: 10.1029/2008GL035074
  • Li, SL, J Perlwitz, XW Quan and MP Hoerling (2008), Modelling the influence of North Atlantic multidecadal warmth on the Indian summer rainfall. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 35 (5) , Art. No. L05804, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 276PX, doi: 10.1029/2007GL032901
  • Perlwitz, J, S Pawson, RL Fogt, JE Nielsen and WD Neff (2008), Impact of stratospheric ozone hole recovery on Antarctic climate. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 35 (8) , Art. No. L08714, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 295EW, doi: 10.1029/2008GL033317
  • Hansen, J., M. Sato, R. Ruedy, P. Kharecha, A. Lacis, R. Miller, L. Nazarenko, K. Lo, G. A. Schmidt, G. Russell, I. Aleinov, S. Bauer, E. Baum, B. Cairns, V. Canuto, M. Chandler, Y. Cheng, A. Cohen, A. Del Genio, G. Faluvegi, E. Fleming, A. Friend, T. Hall, C. Jackman, J. Jonas, M. Kelley, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, G. Labow, J. Lerner, S. Menon, T. Novakov, V. Oinas, Ja. Perlwitz, Ju. Perlwitz, D. Rind, A. Romanou, R. Schmunk, D. Shindell, P. Stone, S. Sun, D. Streets, N. Tausnev, D. Thresher, N. Unger, M. Yao and S. Zhang (2007), Dangerous human-made interference with climate: a GISS modelE study. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 7 (9) 2287-2312, ids: 1680-7316
  • Hansen, J., M. Sato, R. Ruedy, P. Kharecha, A. Lacis, R. Miller, L. Nazarenko, K. Lo, G. A. Schmidt, G. Russell, I. Aleinov, S. Bauer, E. Baum, B. Cairns, V. Canuto, M. Chandler, Y. Cheng, A. Cohen, A. Del Genio, G. Faluvegi, E. Fleming, A. Friend, T. Hall, C. Jackman, J. Jonas, M. Kelley, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, G. Labow, J. Lerner, S. Menon, T. Novakov, V. Oinas, Ja. Perlwitz, Ju. Perlwitz, D. Rind, A. Romanou, R. Schmunk, D. Shindell, P. Stone, S. Sun, D. Streets, N. Tausnev, D. Thresher, N. Unger, M. Yao and S. Zhang (2007), Climate simulations for 1880-2003 with GISS modelE. Clim. Dynam. Version: 1 29 (8-Jul) 661-696, ids: 0930-7575, doi: 10.1007/s00382-007-0255-8
  • Charlton, AJ, LM Polvani, J Perlwitz, F Sassi, E Manzini, K Shibata, S Pawson, JE Nielsen and D Rind (2007), A new look at stratospheric sudden warmings. Part II: Evaluation of numerical model simulations. J. Clim. Version: 1 20 (3) 470-488, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 134OP, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3994.1
  • Schmidt, GA, R Ruedy, JE Hansen, I Aleinov, N Bell, M Bauer, S Bauer, B Cairns, V Canuto, Y Cheng, A Del Genio, G Faluvegi, AD Friend, TM Hall, YY Hu, M Kelley, NY Kiang, D Koch, AA Lacis, J Lerner, KK Lo, RL Miller, L Nazarenko, V Oinas, J Perlwitz, J Perlwitz, D Rind, A Romanou, GL Russell, M Sato, DT Shindell, PH Stone, S Sun, N Tausnev, D Thresher and MS Yao (2006), Present-day atmospheric simulations using GISS ModelE: Comparison to in situ, satellite, and reanalysis data. J. Climate Version: 1 19 (2) 153-192, ids: 0894-8755, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3612.1
  • Rind, D, J Perlwitz and P Lonergan (2005), AO/NAO response to climate change: 1. Respective influences of stratospheric and tropospheric climate changes. J. Geophys. Res-Atmos. Version: 1 110 (D12) , Art. No. D12107, ids: 2169-897X, doi: 10.1029/2004JD005103
  • Rind, D, J Perlwitz, P Lonergan and J Lerner (2005), AO/NAO response to climate change: 2. Relative importance of low- and high-latitude temperature changes. J. Geophys. Res-Atmos. Version: 1 110 (D12) , Art. No. D12108, ids: 2169-897X, doi: 10.1029/2004JD005686
  • Hansen, J, M Sato, R Ruedy, L Nazarenko, A Lacis, GA Schmidt, G Russell, I Aleinov, M Bauer, S Bauer, N Bell, B Cairns, V Canuto, M Chandler, Y Cheng, A Del Genio, G Faluvegi, E Fleming, A Friend, T Hall, C Jackman, M Kelley, N Kiang, D Koch, J Lean, J Lerner, K Lo, S Menon, R Miller, P Minnis, T Novakov, V Oinas, J Perlwitz, J Perlwitz, D Rind, A Romanou, D Shindell, P Stone, S Sun, N Tausnev, D Thresher, B Wielicki, T Wong, M Yao and S Zhang (2005), Efficacy of climate forcings. J. Geophys. Res-Atmos. Version: 1 110 (D18) , Art. No. D18104, ids: 2169-897X, doi: 10.1029/2005JD005776
  • Harnik, N, RK Scott and J Perlwitz (2005), Wave reflection and focusing prior to the major stratospheric warming of September 2002. J. Atmos. Sci. Version: 1 62 (3) 640-650, ids: 0022-4928, doi: 10.1175/JAS-3327.1
  • Hansen, J, L Nazarenko, R Ruedy, M Sato, J Willis, A Del Genio, D Koch, A Lacis, K Lo, S Menon, T Novakov, J Perlwitz, G Russell, GA Schmidt and N Tausnev (2005), Earth's energy imbalance: Confirmation and implications. Science Version: 1 308 (5727) 1431-1435, ids: 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.1110252, PubMed ID: 15860591
  • Perlwitz, J and N Harnik (2004), Downward coupling between the stratosphere and troposphere: The relative roles of wave and zonal mean processes. J. Climate Version: 1 17 (24) 4902-4909, ids: 0894-8755, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-3247.1
  • Rind, D, D Shindell, J Perlwitz, J Lerner, P Lonergan, J Lean and C McLinden (2004), The relative importance of solar and anthropogenic forcing of climate change between the Maunder Minimum and the present. J. Climate Version: 1 17 (5) 906-929, ids: 0894-8755, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2004)017<0906:TRIOSA>2.0.CO;2
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