Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences

Mark Serreze

Mark Serreze

Current Research

Understanding the environmental impacts of a changing Arctic

As the Arctic loses its summer sea ice cover, the region becomes more accessible to marine transport, tourism, and extraction of energy resources. As the economic and strategic importance of the Arctic grows, so does the need to better understand its climate and weather patterns, and to communicate the implications of Arctic change to the public. Research during the past year has been guided by these principles. My group’s work continued to elucidate processes leading to “Arctic amplification,” the observed outsized rise in temperatures in the Arctic relative to the rest of the globe.

While sea ice loss is a primary driver of Arctic amplification, a number of other processes appear to contribute, including changes in cloud cover and atmospheric heat transport into the region. It has been argued by some scientists that Arctic amplification is having influences on mid-latitude weather patterns in autumn and winter. While there is evidence of such impacts from modeling studies, observational evidence is, at best, conflicting. In the coming year, in collaboration with other CIRES scientists from both modeling and observational frameworks, we will examine in detail responses to Arctic amplification both within the Arctic and at middle-latitudes.

A new line of research started during the past year focused on better understanding the characteristics, variability, and environmental impacts of the Summer Arctic Frontal Zone and how this seasonal feature may change in the future. Most prior research work concludes that the Arctic Frontal Zone develops in response to summer heating contrasts between the Arctic Ocean and snow-free land. Areas where the frontal zone is best expressed are regions of frequent cyclogenesis (storm formation). It appears that these cyclones have significant impacts on summer precipitation not only along the Arctic coast, but also over the central Arctic Ocean, which is where many of the storms eventually migrate. Another major accomplishment of the past year was the completion of the second edition of my textbook with Roger Barry, titled “The Arctic Climate System.” As has been the case for the past seven years, I participated in field work in the Alaskan Arctic to monitor snow-cover conditions.


Heading out to assess snow conditions over the North Slope of Alaska. Photo credit: Mark Serreze/CIRES

View Publications

  • Serreze, MC, AD Crawford and AP Barrett (2015), Extreme daily precipitation events at Spitsbergen, an Arctic Island. Int. J. Climatol. Version: 1 35 (15) 4574-4588, issn: 0899-8418, ids: DA3XE, doi: 10.1002/joc.4308
  • Crawford, A and M Serreze (2015), A New Look at the Summer Arctic Frontal Zone. J. Clim. Version: 1 28 (2) 737-754, issn: 0894-8755, ids: AZ4WB, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00447.1
  • Serreze, MC and J Stroeve (2015), Arctic sea ice trends, variability and implications for seasonal ice forecasting. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. A-Math. Phys. Eng. Sci. Version: 1 373 (2045) , Art. No. 20140159, issn: 1364-503X, ids: CM0BM, doi: 10.1098/rsta.2014.0159
  • Jafarov, EE, DJ Nicolsky, VE Romanovsky, JE Walsh, SK Panda and MC Serreze (2014), The effect of snow: How to better model ground surface temperatures. Cold Reg. Sci. Tech. Version: 1 102 63-77, issn: 0165-232X, ids: AG2VF, doi: 10.1016/j.coldregions.2014.02.007
  • Jenouvrier, S, M Holland, J Stroeve, M Serreze, C Barbraud, H Weimerskirch and H Caswell (2014), Projected continent-wide declines of the emperor penguin under climate change. Nat. Clim. Chang. Version: 1 4 (8) 715-718, issn: 1758-678X, ids: AO7YF, doi: 10.1038/NCLIMATE2280
  • Cassano, EN, JJ Cassano, ME Higgins and MC Serreze (2014), Atmospheric impacts of an Arctic sea ice minimum as seen in the Community Atmosphere Model. Int. J. Climatol. Version: 1 34 (3) 766-779, issn: 0899-8418, ids: AB9EK, doi: 10.1002/joc.3723
  • Stroeve, J, A Barrett, M Serreze and A Schweiger (2014), Using records from submarine, aircraft and satellites to evaluate climate model simulations of Arctic sea ice thickness. Cryosphere Version: 1 8 (5) 1839-1854, issn: 1994-0416, ids: AT1ZG, doi: 10.5194/tc-8-1839-2014
  • Bourassa, MA, ST Gille, C Bitz, D Carlson, I Cerovecki, CA Clayson, MF Cronin, WM Drennan, CW Fairall, RN Hoffman, G Magnusdottir, RT Pinker, IA Renfrew, M Serreze, K Speer, LD Talley and GA Wick (2013), HIGH-LATITUDE OCEAN AND SEA ICE SURFACE FLUXES: CHALLENGES FOR CLIMATE RESEARCH. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. Version: 1 94 (3) 403-423, issn: 0003-0007, ids: 122OO, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00244.1
  • Serreze, MC, AP Barrett and J Stroeve (2012), Recent changes in tropospheric water vapor over the Arctic as assessed from radiosondes and atmospheric reanalyses. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 117 , Art. No. D10104, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 945GA, doi: 10.1029/2011JD017421
  • Overland, JE and MC Serreze (2012), Advances in Arctic Atmospheric Research. Version: 1 ARCTIC CLIMATE CHANGE: THE ACSYS DECADE AND BEYOND 43 11-26, Ed. Lemke, P; Jacobi, HW, issn: 1383-8601, ids: BAC10, isbn: 978-94-007-2026-8, doi: 10.1007/978-94-007-2027-5_2
  • Jenouvrier, S, M Holland, J Stroeve, C Barbraud, H Weimerskirch, M Serreze and H Caswell (2012), Effects of climate change on an emperor penguin population: analysis of coupled demographic and climate models. Glob. Change Biol. Version: 1 18 (9) 2756-2770, issn: 1354-1013, ids: 984WH, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02744.x, PubMed ID: 24501054
  • Porter, DF, JJ Cassano and MC Serreze (2012), Local and large-scale atmospheric responses to reduced Arctic sea ice and ocean warming in the WRF model. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 117 , Art. No. D11115, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 959WF, doi: 10.1029/2011JD016969
  • Stroeve, JC, V Kattsov, A Barrett, M Serreze, T Pavlova, M Holland and WN Meier (2012), Trends in Arctic sea ice extent from CMIP5, CMIP3 and observations. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 39 , Art. No. L16502, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 995JM, doi: 10.1029/2012GL052676
  • Stroeve, JC, MC Serreze, MM Holland, JE Kay, J Malanik and AP Barrett (2012), The Arctic's rapidly shrinking sea ice cover: a research synthesis. Clim. Change Version: 1 110 (4-Mar) 1005-1027, issn: 0165-0009, ids: 879QM, doi: 10.1007/s10584-011-0101-1
  • Serreze, MC, AP Barrett and JJ Cassano (2011), Circulation and surface controls on the lower tropospheric air temperature field of the Arctic. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 116 , Art. No. D07104, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 751WG, doi: 10.1029/2010JD015127
  • Tedesco, M, X Fettweis, MR van den Broeke, RSW van de Wal, CJPP Smeets, WJ van de Berg, MC Serreze and JE Box (2011), The role of albedo and accumulation in the 2010 melting record in Greenland. Environ. Res. Lett. Version: 1 6 (1) , Art. No. 14005, issn: 1748-9326, ids: 746RE, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/6/1/014005
  • Stroeve, JC, MC Serreze, A Barrett and DN Kindig (2011), Attribution of recent changes in autumn cyclone associated precipitation in the Arctic. Tellus Ser. A-Dyn. Meteorol. Oceanol. Version: 1 63 (4) 653-663, issn: 0280-6495, ids: 793ZZ, doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0870.2011.00515.x
  • Serreze, MC and RG Barry (2011), Processes and impacts of Arctic amplification: A research synthesis. Glob. Planet. Change Version: 1 77 (2-Jan) 85-96, issn: 0921-8181, ids: 787ET, doi: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2011.03.004
  • Serreze, MC and AP Barrett (2011), Characteristics of the Beaufort Sea High. J. Clim. Version: 1 24 (1) 159-182, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 712II, doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3636.1
  • Porter, DF, JJ Cassano and MC Serreze (2011), Analysis of the Arctic atmospheric energy budget in WRF: A comparison with reanalyses and satellite observations. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 116 , Art. No. D22108, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 851KP, doi: 10.1029/2011JD016622
  • Callaghan, TV, M Johansson, RD Brown, PY Groisman, N Labba, V Radionov, RS Bradley, S Blangy, ON Bulygina, TR Christensen, JE Colman, RLH Essery, BC Forbes, MC Forchhammer, VN Golubev, RE Honrath, GP Juday, AV Meshcherskaya, GK Phoenix, J Pomeroy, A Rautio, DA Robinson, NM Schmidt, MC Serreze, VP Shevchenko, AI Shiklomanov, AB Shmakin, P Skold, M Sturm, MK Woo and EF Wood (2011), Multiple Effects of Changes in Arctic Snow Cover. Ambio Version: 1 40 32-45, issn: 0044-7447, ids: 959BM, doi: 10.1007/s13280-011-0213-x
  • Stroeve, JC, J Maslanik, MC Serreze, I Rigor, W Meier and C Fowler (2011), Sea ice response to an extreme negative phase of the Arctic Oscillation during winter 2009/2010. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 38 , Art. No. L02502, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 713TR, doi: 10.1029/2010GL045662
  • Rawlins, MA, M Steele, MM Holland, JC Adam, JE Cherry, JA Francis, PY Groisman, LD Hinzman, TG Huntington, DL Kane, JS Kimball, R Kwok, RB Lammers, CM Lee, DP Lettenmaier, KC McDonald, E Podest, JW Pundsack, B Rudels, MC Serreze, A Shiklomanov, O Skagseth, TJ Troy, CJ Vorosmarty, M Wensnahan, EF Wood, R Woodgate, DQ Yang, K Zhang and TJ Zhang (2010), Analysis of the Arctic System for Freshwater Cycle Intensification: Observations and Expectations. J. Clim. Version: 1 23 (21) 5715-5737, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 683HG, doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3421.1
  • Kattsov, VM, VE Ryabinin, JE Overland, MC Serreze, M Visbeck, JE Walsh, W Meier and XD Zhang (2010), Arctic sea-ice change: a grand challenge of climate science. J. Glaciol. Version: 1 56 (200) 1115-1121, issn: 0022-1430, ids: 818KP, doi: 10.3189/002214311796406176
  • Miller, GH, RB Alley, J Brigham-Grette, JJ Fitzpatrick, L Polyak, MC Serreze and JWC White (2010), Arctic amplification: can the past constrain the future?. Quat. Sci. Rev. Version: 1 29 (15-16) 1779-1790, issn: 0277-3791, ids: 623RB, doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.02.008
  • Serreze, MC (2010), Understanding Recent Climate Change. Conserv. Biol. Version: 1 24 (1) 10-17, issn: 0888-8892, ids: 544VF, doi: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2009.01408.x, PubMed ID: 20121837
  • Polyak, L, RB Alley, JT Andrews, J Brigham-Grette, TM Cronin, DA Darby, AS Dyke, JJ Fitzpatrick, S Funder, M Holland, AE Jennings, GH Miller, M O'Regan, J Savelle, M Serreze, K St John, JWC White and E Wolff (2010), History of sea ice in the Arctic. Quat. Sci. Rev. Version: 1 29 (15-16) 1757-1778, issn: 0277-3791, ids: 623RB, doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.02.010
  • Porter, DF, JJ Cassano, MC Serreze and DN Kindig (2010), New estimates of the large-scale Arctic atmospheric energy budget. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 115 , Art. No. D08108, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 590UP, doi: 10.1029/2009JD012653
  • Holland, MM, MC Serreze and J Stroeve (2010), The sea ice mass budget of the Arctic and its future change as simulated by coupled climate models. Clim. Dyn. Version: 1 34 (3-Feb) 185-200, issn: 0930-7575, ids: 546JZ, doi: 10.1007/s00382-008-0493-4
  • Miller, GH, J Brigham-Grette, RB Alley, L Anderson, HA Bauch, MSV Douglas, ME Edwards, SA Elias, BP Finney, JJ Fitzpatrick, SV Funder, TD Herbert, LD Hinzman, DS Kaufman, GM MacDonald, L Polyak, A Robock, MC Serreze, JP Smol, R Spielhagen, JWC White, AP Wolfe and EW Wolff (2010), Temperature and precipitation history of the Arctic. Quat. Sci. Rev. Version: 1 29 (15-16) 1679-1715, issn: 0277-3791, ids: 623RB, doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.03.001
  • Finnis, J, J Cassano, M Holland, M Serreze and P Uotila (2009), Synoptically forced hydroclimatology of major Arctic watersheds in general circulation models; Part 1: the Mackenzie River Basin. Int. J. Climatol. Version: 1 29 (9) 1226-1243, issn: 0899-8418, ids: 471LT, doi: 10.1002/joc.1753
  • Durner, GM, DC Douglas, RM Nielson, SC Amstrup, TL McDonald, I Stirling, M Mauritzen, EW Born, O Wiig, E DeWeaver, MC Serreze, SE Belikov, MM Holland, J Maslanik, J Aars, DA Bailey and AE Derocher (2009), Predicting 21st-century polar bear habitat distribution from global climate models. Ecol. Monogr. Version: 1 79 (1) 25-58, issn: Dec-15, ids: 410GX, doi: 10.1890/07-2089.1
  • Rawlins, MA, M Steele, MC Serreze, CJ Vorosmarty, W Ermold, RB Lammers, KC McDonald, TM Pavelsky, A Shiklomanov and JL Zhang (2009), Tracing Freshwater Anomalies Through the Air-Land-Ocean System: A Case Study from the Mackenzie River Basin and the Beaufort Gyre. Atmos.-Ocean Version: 1 47 (1) 79-97, issn: 0705-5900, ids: 436GK, doi: 10.3137/OC301.2009
  • Finnis, J, JJ Cassano, M Holland, MC Serreze and P Uotila (2009), Synoptically forced hydroclimatology of major Arctic watersheds in general circulation models; Part 2: Eurasian watersheds. Int. J. Climatol. Version: 1 29 (9) 1244-1261, issn: 0899-8418, ids: 471LT, doi: 10.1002/joc.1769
  • Rawlins, MA, MC Serreze, R Schroeder, XD Zhang and KC McDonald (2009), Diagnosis of the record discharge of Arctic-draining Eurasian rivers in 2007. Environ. Res. Lett. Version: 1 4 (4) , Art. No. 45011, issn: 1748-9326, ids: 534ME, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/4/4/045011
  • Serreze, MC, AP Barrett, JC Stroeve, DN Kindig and MM Holland (2009), The emergence of surface-based Arctic amplification. Cryosphere Version: 1 3 (1) 11-19, issn: 1994-0416, ids: 576QM
  • Wyser, K, CG Jones, P Du, E Girard, U Willen, J Cassano, JH Christensen, JA Curry, K Dethloff, JE Haugen, D Jacob, M Koltzow, R Laprise, A Lynch, S Pfeifer, A Rinke, M Serreze, MJ Shaw, M Tjernstrom and M Zagar (2008), An evaluation of Arctic cloud and radiation processes during the SHEBA year: simulation results from eight Arctic regional climate models. Clim. Dyn. Version: 1 30 (3-Feb) 203-223, issn: 0930-7575, ids: 251VI, doi: 10.1007/s00382-007-0286-1
  • Serreze, MC and AP Barrett (2008), The summer cyclone maximum over the central Arctic Ocean. J. Clim. Version: 1 21 (5) 1048-1065, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 278DK, doi: 10.1175/2007JCLI1810.1
  • Tedesco, M, M Serreze and X Fettweis (2008), Diagnosing the extreme surface melt event over southwestern Greenland in 2007. Cryosphere Version: 1 2 (2) 159-166, issn: 1994-0416, ids: V11AT
  • Slater, AG, TJ Bohn, JL McCreight, MC Serreze and DP Lettenmaier (2007), A multimodel simulation of pan-Arctic hydrology. J. Geophys. Res.-Biogeosci. Version: 1 112 (G4) , Art. No. G04S45, issn: 0148-0227, ids: 235VA, doi: 10.1029/2006JG000303
  • Finnis, J, MM Holland, MC Serreze and JJ Cassano (2007), Response of Northern Hemisphere extratropical cyclone activity and associated precipitation to climate change, as represented by the Community Climate System Model. J. Geophys. Res.-Biogeosci. Version: 1 112 (G4) , Art. No. G04S42, issn: 2169-8953, ids: 230CI, doi: 10.1029/2006JG000286
  • Stroeve, J, MM Holland, W Meier, T Scambos and M Serreze (2007), Arctic sea ice decline: Faster than forecast. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 34 (9) , Art. No. L09501, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 165LA, doi: 10.1029/2007GL029703
  • Serreze, MC, MM Holland and J Stroeve (2007), Perspectives on the Arctic's shrinking sea-ice cover. Science Version: 1 315 (5818) 1533-1536, issn: 0036-8075, ids: 146LB, doi: 10.1126/science.1139426, PubMed ID: 17363664
  • Tsukernik, M, DN Kindig and MC Serreze (2007), Characteristics of winter cyclone activity in the northern North Atlantic: Insights from observations and regional modeling. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 112 (D3) , Art. No. D03101, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 136DP, doi: 10.1029/2006JD007184
  • Serreze, MC, AP Barrett, AG Slater, M Steele, JL Zhang and KE Trenberth (2007), The large-scale energy budget of the Arctic. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 112 (D11) , Art. No. D11122, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 180MR, doi: 10.1029/2006JD008230
  • Rinke, A, K Dethloff, JJ Cassano, JH Christensen, JA Curry, P Du, E Girard, JE Haugen, D Jacob, CG Jones, M Koltzow, R Laprise, AH Lynch, S Pfeifer, MC Serreze, MJ Shaw, M Tjernstrom, K Wyser and M Zagar (2006), Evaluation of an ensemble of Arctic regional climate models: spatiotemporal fields during the SHEBA year. Clim. Dyn. Version: 1 26 (5) 459-472, issn: 0930-7575, ids: 019VW, doi: 10.1007/s00382-005-0095-3
  • Serreze, MC, AP Barrett, AG Slater, RA Woodgate, K Aagaard, RB Lammers, M Steele, R Moritz, M Meredith and CM Lee (2006), The large-scale freshwater cycle of the Arctic. J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans Version: 1 111 (C11) , Art. No. C11010, issn: 2169-9275, ids: 110HP, doi: 10.1029/2005JC003424
  • Serreze, MC and JA Francis (2006), The arctic amplification debate. Clim. Change Version: 1 76 (4-Mar) 241-264, issn: 0165-0009, ids: 065NJ, doi: 10.1007/s10584-005-9017-y
  • Holland, MM, J Finnis and MC Serreze (2006), Simulated Arctic Ocean freshwater budgets in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. J. Clim. Version: 1 19 (23) 6221-6242, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 118IB, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3967.1
  • Zhang, TJ, OW Frauenfeld, MC Serreze, A Etringer, C Oelke, J McCreight, RG Barry, D Gilichinsky, DQ Yang, HC Ye, F Ling and S Chudinova (2005), Spatial and temporal variability in active layer thickness over the Russian Arctic drainage basin. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 110 (D16) , Art. No. D16101, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 957WU, doi: 10.1029/2004JD005642
  • Chapin, FS, M Sturm, MC Serreze, JP McFadden, JR Key, AH Lloyd, AD McGuire, TS Rupp, AH Lynch, JP Schimel, J Beringer, WL Chapman, HE Epstein, ES Euskirchen, LD Hinzman, G Jia, CL Ping, KD Tape, CDC Thompson, DA Walker and JM Welker (2005), Role of land-surface changes in Arctic summer warming. Science Version: 1 310 (5748) 657-660, issn: 0036-8075, ids: 980ET, doi: 10.1126/science.1117368, PubMed ID: 16179434
  • Frauenfeld, OW, TJ Zhang and MC Serreze (2005), Climate change and variability using European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts reanalysis (ERA-40) temperatures on the Tibetan Plateau. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 110 (D2) , Art. No. D02101, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 891KE, doi: 10.1029/2004JD005230
  • Serreze, MC, AP Barrett and F Lo (2005), Northern high-latitude precipitation as depicted by atmospheric reanalyses and satellite retrievals. Mon. Weather Rev. Version: 1 Workshop on Short to Medium-Range Numerical Weather Prediction in the Arctic and Antarctic 133 (12) 3407-3430, Univ Alaska Fairbanks, Int Arct Res Ctr, Fairbanks, AK, OCT, 2003, issn: 0027-0644, ids: 001AS, doi: 10.1175/MWR3047.1
  • Oelke, C, TJ Zhang and MC Serreze (2004), Modeling evidence for recent warming of the Arctic soil thermal regime. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 31 (7) , Art. No. L07208, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 813OB, doi: 10.1029/2003GL019300
  • Tsukernik, M, TN Chase, MC Serreze, RG Barry, R Pielke, B Herman and X Zeng (2004), On the regulation of minimum mid-tropospheric temperatures in the Arctic. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 31 (6) , Art. No. L06112, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 806MG, doi: 10.1029/2003GL018831
  • Serreze, MC, MP Clark and DH Bromwich (2003), Monitoring precipitation over the Arctic terrestrial drainage system: Data requirements, shortcomings, and applications of atmospheric reanalysis. J. Hydrometeorol. Version: 1 4 (2) 387-407, issn: 1525-755X, ids: 668EF, doi: 10.1175/1525-7541(2003)4<387:MPOTAT>2.0.CO;2
  • Oelke, C, TJ Zhang, MC Serreze and RL Armstrong (2003), Regional-scale modeling of soil freeze/thaw over the Arctic drainage basin. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 108 (D10) , Art. No. 4314, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 686CM, doi: 10.1029/2002JD002722
  • Serreze, MC and AJ Etringer (2003), Precipitation characteristics of the Eurasian Arctic drainage system. Int. J. Climatol. Version: 1 23 (11) 1267-1291, issn: 0899-8418, ids: 722DR, doi: 10.1002/joc.941
  • Serreze, MC, JA Maslanik, TA Scambos, F Fetterer, J Stroeve, K Knowles, C Fowler, S Drobot, RG Barry and TM Haran (2003), A record minimum arctic sea ice extent and area in 2002. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 30 (3) , Art. No. 1110, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 661JJ, doi: 10.1029/2002GL016406
  • Frei, A, RL Armstrong, MP Clark and MC Serreze (2002), Catskill mountain water resources: Vulnerability, hydroclimatology, and climate-change sensitivity. Ann. Assoc. Am. Geogr. Version: 1 92 (2) 203-224, issn: Apr-08, ids: 565YT, doi: 10.1111/1467-8306.00287
  • Uttal, T, JA Curry, MG McPhee, DK Perovich, RE Moritz, JA Maslanik, PS Guest, HL Stern, JA Moore, R Turenne, A Heiberg, MC Serreze, DP Wylie, OG Persson, CA Paulson, C Halle, JH Morison, PA Wheeler, A Makshtas, H Welch, MD Shupe, JM Intrieri, K Stamnes, RW Lindsey, R Pinkel, WS Pegau, TP Stanton and TC Grenfeld (2002), Surface heat budget of the Arctic Ocean. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. Version: 1 83 (2) 255-275, issn: 0003-0007, ids: 526TT, doi: 10.1175/1520-0477(2002)083<0255:SHBOTA>2.3.CO;2
  • Serreze, MC, DH Bromwich, MP Clark, AJ Etringer, TJ Zhang and R Lammers (2002), Large-scale hydro-climatology of the terrestrial Arctic drainage system. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 108 (D2) , Art. No. 8160, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 643PH, doi: 10.1029/2001JD000919
  • McCabe, GJ, MP Clark and MC Serreze (2001), Trends in Northern Hemisphere surface cyclone frequency and intensity. J. Clim. Version: 1 14 (12) 2763-2768, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 441PQ, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2001)014<2763:TINHSC>2.0.CO;2
  • Serreze, MC, MP Clark and A Frei (2001), Characteristics of large snowfall events in the montane western United States as examined using snowpack telemetry (SNOTEL) data. Water Resour. Res. Version: 1 37 (3) 675-688, issn: 0043-1397, ids: 408EE, doi: 10.1029/2000WR900307
  • Serreze, MC, AH Lynch and MP Clark (2001), The Arctic frontal zone as seen in the NCEP-NCAR reanalysis. J. Clim. Version: 1 14 (7) 1550-1567, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 418CR, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2001)014<1550:TAFZAS>2.0.CO;2
  • Clark, MP, MC Serreze and GJ McCabe (2001), Historical effects of El Nino and La Nina events on the seasonal evolution of the montane snowpack in the Columbia and Colorado River Basins. Water Resour. Res. Version: 1 37 (3) 741-757, issn: 0043-1397, ids: 408EE, doi: 10.1029/2000WR900305
  • Serreze, MC and CM Hurst (2000), Representation of mean Arctic precipitation from NCEP-NCAR and ERA reanalyses. J. Clim. Version: 1 13 (1) 182-201, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 273LH, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<0182:ROMAPF>2.0.CO;2
  • Fleming, MD, FS Chapin, W Cramer, GL Hufford and MC Serreze (2000), Geographic patterns and dynamics of Alaskan climate interpolated from a sparse station record. Glob. Change Biol. Version: 1 6 49-58, issn: 1354-1013, ids: 399FA, doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2486.2000.06008.x
  • McGuire, AD, JS Clein, JM Melillo, DW Kicklighter, RA Meier, CJ Vorosmarty and MC Serreze (2000), Modelling carbon responses of tundra ecosystems to historical and projected climate: sensitivity of pan-Arctic carbon storage to temporal and spatial variation in climate. Glob. Change Biol. Version: 1 6 141-159, issn: 1354-1013, ids: 399FA, doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2486.2000.06017.x
  • Clark, MP and MC Serreze (2000), Effects of variations in east Asian snow cover on modulating atmospheric circulation over the north pacific ocean. J. Clim. Version: 1 13 (20) 3700-3710, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 369JR, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<3700:EOVIEA>2.0.CO;2
  • Clark, MP, MC Serreze and DA Robinson (1999), Atmospheric controls on Eurasian snow extent. Int. J. Climatol. Version: 1 19 (1) 27-40, issn: 0899-8418, ids: 159MY, doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0088(199901)19:1<27::AID-JOC346>3.0.CO;2-N
  • Serreze, MC, MP Clark, RL Armstrong, DA McGinnis and RS Pulwarty (1999), Characteristics of the western United States snowpack from snowpack telemetry (SNOTEL) data. Water Resour. Res. Version: 1 35 (7) 2145-2160, issn: 0043-1397, ids: 211DV, doi: 10.1029/1999WR900090
  • Serreze, MC, MP Clark, DL McGinnis and DA Robinson (1998), Characteristics of snowfall over the eastern half of the United States and relationships with principal modes of low-frequency atmospheric variability. J. Clim. Version: 1 11 (2) 234-250, issn: 0894-8755, ids: YY523, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1998)011<0234:COSOTE>2.0.CO;2
  • SERREZE, MC, RG BARRY, MC REHDER and JE WALSH (1995), VARIABILITY IN ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION AND MOISTURE FLUX OVER THE ARCTIC. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. A-Math. Phys. Eng. Sci. Version: 1 352 (1699) 215-225, issn: 1364-503X, ids: RR362, doi: 10.1098/rsta.1995.0065
  • SERREZE, MC, JA MASLANIK, JR KEY, RF KOKALY and DA ROBINSON (1995), DIAGNOSIS OF THE RECORD MINIMUM IN ARCTIC SEA-ICE AREA DURING 1990 AND ASSOCIATED SNOW COVER EXTREMES. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 22 (16) 2183-2186, issn: 0094-8276, ids: RT333, doi: 10.1029/95GL02068
  • SERREZE, MC, MC REHDER, RG BARRY, JD KAHL and NA ZAITSEVA (1995), THE DISTRIBUTION AND TRANSPORT OF ATMOSPHERIC WATER-VAPOR OVER THE ARCTIC BASIN. Int. J. Climatol. Version: 1 15 (7) 709-727, issn: 0899-8418, ids: RM521, doi: 10.1002/joc.3370150702
  • SERREZE, MC, RG BARRY and JE WALSH (1995), ATMOSPHERIC WATER-VAPOR CHARACTERISTICS AT 70-DEGREES-N. J. Clim. Version: 1 8 (4) 719-731, issn: 0894-8755, ids: QV555, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1995)008<0719:AWVCA>2.0.CO;2
  • SERREZE, MC (1995), CLIMATOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF CYCLONE DEVELOPMENT AND DECAY IN THE ARCTIC. Atmos.-Ocean Version: 1 33 (1) 1-23, issn: 0705-5900, ids: QX725
  • WALSH, JE, X ZHOU, D PORTIS and MC SERREZE (1994), ATMOSPHERIC CONTRIBUTION TO HYDROLOGIC VARIATIONS IN THE ARCTIC. Atmos.-Ocean Version: 1 32 (4) 733-755, issn: 0705-5900, ids: QC440
  • KAHL, JD, MC SERREZE and RC SCHNELL (1992), TROPOSPHERIC LOW-LEVEL TEMPERATURE INVERSIONS IN THE CANADIAN ARCTIC. Atmos.-Ocean Version: 1 30 (4) 511-529, issn: 0705-5900, ids: MG398