MOSAiC: A Year on Ice
From September 2019 to October 2020, the German icebreaker Polarstern was embedded within the Arctic sea ice and drifted for 12 months. Hundreds of scientists from around the world spent months aboard, in shifts, studying the complete Arctic climate “system” including the ocean below, sea ice, and the atmosphere above.
Polar bears disrupted their work, wandering through small scientific “cities” on the ice and forcing people to scramble back to the ship. An arctic fox chewed through cables. And storms swirled through, breaking up the sea ice underfoot (and under instruments).
CU Boulder scientists played leading roles in the mission, dubbed MOSAiC for Multidisciplinary Drifting Observatory for the Study of Arctic Climate. Today, as part of Research & Innovation Week, you’ll hear from expedition co-coordinator and lead atmospheric scientist Matthew Shupe; two educators who worked with dozens of MOSAiC scientists to bring their insights to students; and a videography team who captured mission moments in 360° degrees, creating planetarium shows that will be viewed around the world.
Panelists will take live questions from the audience. There will be plenty of time for engagement.
This Zoom event was recorded, and can be watched here.
Links provided in the chat:
For more information about CU Boulder involvement in this epic Arctic research expedition, please explore this website. There, you can sign up for weekly education updates; read news from the expedition; explore 360-degree experiences; take a video course; and much more.
NSIDC Cryosphere Seminar
Measurement, Knowledge, and Representation of Arctic Sea Ice by Laura Seddon, Department of Geography at Durham University
Abstract: Satellite-derived sea-ice products and datasets are instrumental tools in the reporting of Arctic sea-ice conditions. Through numerical and visual representations, these products have contributed significantly to our understanding of Arctic sea-ice characteristics and variability, knowledge of which is critical for a wide range of applications including operational forecasting and climate research. They have also influenced how the region is framed within broader political and socio-economic contexts. However, the complex and dynamic nature of sea ice is difficult to measure and this requires the application of a number of assumptions and simplifications in data acquisition, processing, and classification. Moreover, differences in these scientific practices can result in different representations of sea-ice conditions. These differences raise important questions over the nature of the underlying decisions, methods, assumptions, and conventions that inform the production of knowledge about complex and changing environments, as well as about the linked ways in which both science and policy (and the institutions that join them) manage the uncertainties in sea-ice observation. This talk introduces my PhD research which explores these issues using an interdisciplinary approach. The research draws upon ideas from the physical sciences, science and technology studies, and critical cartography to examine and compare various sea-ice data products, as well as the social contexts in which they are constructed. The aim is to gain insights into how dynamic and indeterminate geophysical data is acquired, processed, and reported in Arctic sea-ice science, in order to contribute to a wider understanding of the sociological nature of scientific knowledge.
Brief introduction: Laura Seddon is a PhD student in the Department of Geography at Durham University and a member of the Durham Arctic Research Centre for Training and Interdisciplinary Collaboration (DurhamARCTIC), where her research examines the nature of satellite-derived sea-ice products and the knowledge they produce about the changing Arctic region.