Eleanor C. Browne
My group is interested in developing instrumentation for measuring gases and aerosols in the atmosphere and in using this instrumentation to investigate how atmospheric processing affects the chemical composition of gases and aerosols. The group is specifically interested in organonitrogen and organosilicon compounds and investigates the fate of these compounds using laboratory and field measurements. Current work focuses on understanding the role of organonitrogen in new particle formation and growth, and in nitrogen deposition. The organosilicon work focuses on constraining the fate of organosilicon compounds that are found in personal care products and preferentially partition to the atmosphere. Our current instrument development work focuses on novel techniques for the fragment-free characterization of aerosol.
Ambient Ion Chemistry
Atmospheric ions control the electrical properties of the atmosphere, influence chemical composition via ion-molecule and/or ion-catalyzed reactions, and affect new particle formation. Understanding the role of ions in these processes requires knowledge of ionic chemical composition. Due to the low concentration of ions, chemical composition measurements have historically been challenging. Recent advances in mass spectrometry, such as the atmospheric pressure interface time-of-flight mass spectrometer (APi-TOF), are now making these measurements more feasible. We study the chemistry of ambient ions through field measurements to understand present day ambient atmosphere and laboratory experiments that simulate other planetary atmospheres such as early Earth and Titan.
Several million tons of organosilicon compounds, most notably volatile methyl siloxanes (VMS), are manufactured annually for use in a variety of applications including personal care products and adhesives. Despite estimates that over 90 percent of VMS environmental loading is present in the atmosphere, the multigenerational chemistry of VMS remains poorly constrained. We use an environmental simulation chamber to simulate atmospheric oxidation of siloxanes so we can detect the products of atmospheric reactions with these compounds as well as gather information about rate constants and reaction pathways of these reactions.
Aerosols (fine particulate matter suspended in air) affect human health and the Earth’s radiative balance. Improving our knowledge of how aerosols affect climate and health requires measurements of aerosol chemical composition in order to improve our understanding of aerosol sources and sinks. These measurements, however, are analytically challenging as the aerosols with the greatest impacts on health and climate are submicron in diameter, present at concentrations of μg or less per cubic meter of air, and are composed of both inorganic and organic compounds. Furthermore, the composition of the organic fraction is complex, consisting of thousands of compounds, including those that are chemically and thermally labile. The group is currently working on developing a novel measurement technique that combines laser desorption with chemical ionization mass spectrometry.
Honors and Awards
- NOAA Climate and Global Change Postdoctoral Fellowship (2012-2014)
- NASA Earth Systems Science Fellowship (2010-2012)
- Berry, JL; Ugelow, MS; Tolbert, MA; Browne, EC (2019), Chemical Composition of Gas-Phase Positive Ions during Laboratory Simulations of Titans Haze Formation. Version: 1 ACS EARTH AND SPACE CHEMISTRY 3 (2) 202-211, issn: 2472-3452, doi: 10.1021/acsearthspacechem.8b00139
- Berry, JL, DA Day, T Elseberg, BB Palm, WW Hu, A Abdelhamid, JC Schroder, U Karst, JL Jimenez and EC Browne (2018), Laser Ablation-Aerosol Mass Spectrometry-Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometry for Ambient Surface Imaging. Anal. Chem. Version: 1 90 (6) 4046-4053, issn: 0003-2700, ids: GA3HR, doi: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b05255, PubMed ID: 29461799
- Lim, CY, EC Browne, RA Sugrue and JH Kroll (2017), Rapid heterogeneous oxidation of organic coatings on submicron aerosols. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 44 (6) 2949-2957, issn: 0094-8276, ids: ES7WS, doi: 10.1002/2017GL072585
- Brune, WH, BC Baier, J Thomas, X Ren, RC Cohen, SE Pusede, EC Browne, AH Goldstein, DR Gentner, FN Keutsch, JA Thornton, S Harrold, FD Lopez-Hilfiker and PO Wennberg (2016), Ozone production chemistry in the presence of urban plumes. Faraday Discuss. Version: 1 189 169-189, issn: 1359-6640, ids: DR7SJ, doi: 10.1039/c5fd00204d, PubMed ID: 27101799
- Canagaratna, MR, P Massoli, EC Browne, JP Franklin, KR Wilson, TB Onasch, TW Kirchstetter, EC Fortner, CE Kolb, JT Jayne, JH Kroll and DR Worsnop (2015), Chemical Compositions of Black Carbon Particle Cores and Coatings via Soot Particle Aerosol Mass Spectrometry with Photoionization and Electron Ionization. J. Phys. Chem. A Version: 1 119 (19) 4589-4599, issn: 1089-5639, ids: CI6YV, doi: 10.1021/jp510711u, PubMed ID: 25526741
- Browne, EC, JP Franklin, MR Canagaratna, P Massoli, TW Kirchstetter, DR Worsnop, KR Wilson and JH Kroll (2015), Changes to the Chemical Composition of Soot from Heterogeneous Oxidation Reactions. J. Phys. Chem. A Version: 1 119 (7) 1154-1163, issn: 1089-5639, ids: CB9HI, doi: 10.1021/jp511507d, PubMed ID: 25654760
- Pusede, SE, TC VandenBoer, JG Murphy, MZ Markovic, CJ Young, PR Veres, JM Roberts, RA Washenfelder, SS Brown, XR Ren, C Tsai, J Stutz, WH Brune, EC Browne, PJ Wooldridge, AR Graham, R Weber, AH Goldstein, S Dusanter, SM Griffith, PS Stevens, BL Lefer and RC Cohen (2015), An Atmospheric Constraint on the NO2 Dependence of Daytime Near-Surface Nitrous Acid (HONO). Environ. Sci. Technol. Version: 1 49 (21) 12774-12781, issn: 0013-936X, ids: CV6BI, doi: 10.1021/acs.est.5b02511, PubMed ID: 26436410
- VandenBoer, TC, MZ Markovic, JE Sanders, X Ren, SE Pusede, EC Browne, RC Cohen, L Zhang, J Thomas, WH Brune and JG Murphy (2014), Evidence for a nitrous acid (HONO) reservoir at the ground surface in Bakersfield, CA, during CalNex 2010. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 119 (14) 9093-9106, issn: 2169-897X, ids: AN2GQ, doi: 10.1002/2013JD020971
- Pusede, SE, DR Gentner, PJ Wooldridge, EC Browne, AW Rollins, KE Min, AR Russell, J Thomas, L Zhang, WH Brune, SB Henry, JP DiGangi, FN Keutsch, SA Harrold, JA Thornton, MR Beaver, JM St Clair, PO Wennberg, J Sanders, X Ren, TC VandenBoer, MZ Markovic, A Guha, R Weber, AH Goldstein and RC Cohen (2014), On the temperature dependence of organic reactivity, nitrogen oxides, ozone production, and the impact of emission controls in San Joaquin Valley, California. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 14 (7) 3373-3395, issn: 1680-7316, ids: AF3JO, doi: 10.5194/acp-14-3373-2014
- Browne, EC, PJ Wooldridge, KE Min and RC Cohen (2014), On the role of monoterpene chemistry in the remote continental boundary layer. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 14 (3) 1225-1238, issn: 1680-7316, ids: AC2ZN, doi: 10.5194/acp-14-1225-2014
- Min, KE, SE Pusede, EC Browne, BW LaFranchi, PJ Wooldridge and RC Cohen (2014), Eddy covariance fluxes and vertical concentration gradient measurements of NO and NO2 over a ponderosa pine ecosystem: observational evidence for within-canopy chemical removal of NOx. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 14 (11) 5495-5512, issn: 1680-7316, ids: AJ6KO, doi: 10.5194/acp-14-5495-2014
- Worton, DR, JD Surratt, BW LaFranchi, AWH Chan, YL Zhao, RJ Weber, JH Park, JB Gilman, J de Gouw, C Park, G Schade, M Beaver, JM St Clair, J Crounse, P Wennberg, GM Wolfe, S Harrold, JA Thornton, DK Farmer, KS Docherty, MJ Cubison, JL Jimenez, AA Frossard, LM Russell, K Kristensen, M Glasius, JQ Mao, XR Ren, W Brune, EC Browne, SE Pusede, RC Cohen, JH Seinfeld and AH Goldsteint (2013), Observational Insights into Aerosol Formation from Isoprene. Environ. Sci. Technol. Version: 1 47 (20) 11403-11413, issn: 0013-936X, ids: 240UQ, doi: 10.1021/es4011064, PubMed ID: 24004194
- Browne, EC, KE Min, PJ Wooldridge, E Apel, DR Blake, WH Brune, CA Cantrell, MJ Cubison, GS Diskin, JL Jimenez, AJ Weinheimer, PO Wennberg, A Wisthaler and RC Cohen (2013), Observations of total RONO2 over the boreal forest: NOx sinks and HNO3 sources. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 13 (9) 4543-4562, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 144LR, doi: 10.5194/acp-13-4543-2013
- Rollins, AW, EC Browne, KE Min, SE Pusede, PJ Wooldridge, DR Gentner, AH Goldstein, S Liu, DA Day, LM Russell and RC Cohen (2012), Evidence for NOx Control over Nighttime SOA Formation. Science Version: 1 337 (6099) 1210-1212, issn: 0036-8075, ids: 000UJ, doi: 10.1126/science.1221520, PubMed ID: 22955831
- Min, KE, SE Pusede, EC Browne, BW LaFranchi, PJ Wooldridge, GM Wolfe, SA Harrold, JA Thornton and RC Cohen (2012), Observations of atmosphere-biosphere exchange of total and speciated peroxynitrates: nitrogen fluxes and biogenic sources of peroxynitrates. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 12 (20) 9763-9773, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 029BS, doi: 10.5194/acp-12-9763-2012
- Browne, EC and RC Cohen (2012), Effects of biogenic nitrate chemistry on the NOx lifetime in remote continental regions. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 12 (24) 11917-11932, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 058WR, doi: 10.5194/acp-12-11917-2012
- Wolfe, GM, JA Thornton, NC Bouvier-Brown, AH Goldstein, JH Park, M Mckay, DM Matross, J Mao, WH Brune, BW LaFranchi, EC Browne, KE Min, PJ Wooldridge, RC Cohen, JD Crounse, IC Faloona, JB Gilman, WC Kuster, JA de Gouw, A Huisman and FN Keutsch (2011), The Chemistry of Atmosphere-Forest Exchange (CAFE) Model - Part 2: Application to BEARPEX-2007 observations. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 11 (3) 1269-1294, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 721KW, doi: 10.5194/acp-11-1269-2011
- Ren, X, JE Sanders, A Rajendran, RJ Weber, AH Goldstein, SE Pusede, EC Browne, KE Min and RC Cohen (2011), A relaxed eddy accumulation system for measuring vertical fluxes of nitrous acid. Atmos. Meas. Tech. Version: 1 4 (10) 2093-2103, issn: 1867-1381, ids: 842JC, doi: 10.5194/amt-4-2093-2011
- Browne, EC, AE Perring, PJ Wooldridge, E Apel, SR Hall, LG Huey, J Mao, KM Spencer, JM St Clair, AJ Weinheimer, A Wisthaler and RC Cohen (2011), Global and regional effects of the photochemistry of CH3O2NO2: evidence from ARCTAS. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 11 (9) 4209-4219, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 764GT, doi: 10.5194/acp-11-4209-2011
- Russell, AR, AE Perring, LC Valin, EJ Bucsela, EC Browne, KE Min, PJ Wooldridge and RC Cohen (2011), A high spatial resolution retrieval of NO2 column densities from OMI: method and evaluation. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 11 (16) 8543-8554, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 813YL, doi: 10.5194/acp-11-8543-2011
- Ren, X, H Gao, X Zhou, JD Crounse, PO Wennberg, EC Browne, BW LaFranchi, RC Cohen, M Mckay, AH Goldstein and J Mao (2010), Measurement of atmospheric nitrous acid at Blodgett Forest during BEARPEX2007. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 10 (13) 6283-6294, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 624VY, doi: 10.5194/acp-10-6283-2010
- Alvarado, MJ, JA Logan, J Mao, E Apel, D Riemer, D Blake, RC Cohen, KE Min, AE Perring, EC Browne, PJ Wooldridge, GS Diskin, GW Sachse, H Fuelberg, WR Sessions, DL Harrigan, G Huey, J Liao, A Case-Hanks, JL Jimenez, MJ Cubison, SA Vay, AJ Weinheimer, DJ Knapp, DD Montzka, FM Flocke, IB Pollack, PO Wennberg, A Kurten, J Crounse, JM St Clair, A Wisthaler, T Mikoviny, RM Yantosca, CC Carouge and P Le Sager (2010), Nitrogen oxides and PAN in plumes from boreal fires during ARCTAS-B and their impact on ozone: an integrated analysis of aircraft and satellite observations. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 10 (20) 9739-9760, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 673LH, doi: 10.5194/acp-10-9739-2010
- LaFranchi, BW, GM Wolfe, JA Thornton, SA Harrold, EC Browne, KE Min, PJ Wooldridge, JB Gilman, WC Kuster, PD Goldan, JA de Gouw, M Mckay, AH Goldstein, X Ren, J Mao and RC Cohen (2009), Closing the peroxy acetyl nitrate budget: observations of acyl peroxy nitrates (PAN, PPN, and MPAN) during BEARPEX 2007. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 9 (19) 7623-7641, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 506MT, doi: 10.5194/acp-9-7623-2009