Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences

Judith Perlwitz

Judith Perlwitz

Research Interests

I am a research scientist at NOAA's Earth System Research Laboratory (Physical Sciences Division, PSD) in Boulder, Colorado. I am a member of PSD’s Attribution and Predictability Assessments Team which seeks to understand the physical factors that cause observed regional and seasonal climate trends, and high-impact weather and climate events. We place a special emphasis on understanding the large-scale drivers that influence local and regional extreme events such as floods, droughts, and heat waves.

Current Research

·      Linkages between Arctic amplification and lower-latitude weather and climate extremes
·      Role of stratospheric processes in predicting ENSO-NAO connections on subseasonal time scale
·      Understanding the causes of the failed Winter rains in Southern California during the 2015/16 El Niño event

 



Honors and Awards

  • American Meteorological Society, Fellow 2016

View Publications

  • Quan, XW; Hoerling, M; Smith, L; Perlwitz, J; Zhang, T; Hoell, A; Wolter, K; Eischeid, J (2018), EXTREME CALIFORNIA RAINS DURING WINTER 2015/16: A CHANGE IN EL NINO TELECONNECTION?. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. Version: 1 99 (1) S49-S53, issn: 0003-0007, ids: GB8IG, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0118.1
  • Li, F; Newman, P; Pawson, S; Perlwitz, J (2018), Effects of Greenhouse Gas Increase and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion on Stratospheric Mean Age of Air in 1960-2010. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 123 (4) 2098-2110, issn: 2169-897X, ids: FZ7IR, doi: 10.1002/2017JD027562
  • Zhang, T; Hoerling, MP; Wolter, K; Eischeid, J; Cheng, LY; Hoell, A; Perlwitz, J; Quan, XW; Barsugli, J (2018), Predictability and Prediction of Southern California Rains during Strong El Nino Events: A Focus on the Failed 2016 Winter Rains. J. Clim. Version: 1 31 (2) 555-574, issn: 0894-8755, ids: FW2WF, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0396.1
  • Albers, JR; Perlwitz, J; Butler, AH; Birner, T; Kiladis, GN; Lawrence, ZD; Manney, GL; Langford, AO; Dias, J (2018), Mechanisms Governing Interannual Variability of Stratosphere-to-Troposphere Ozone Transport. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 123 (1) 234-260, issn: 2169-897X, ids: FT8WI, doi: 10.1002/2017JD026890
  • Zhang, T, MP Hoerling, J Perlwitz and TY Xu (2016), Forced Atmospheric Teleconnections during 1979-2014. J. Clim. Version: 1 29 (7) 2333-2357, issn: 0894-8755, ids: DH5GG, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0226.1
  • Hoerling, M, J Eischeid, J Perlwitz, XW Quan, K Wolter and LY Cheng (2016), Characterizing Recent Trends in U.S. Heavy Precipitation. J. Clim. Version: 1 29 (7) 2313-2332, issn: 0894-8755, ids: DH5GG, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0441.1
  • Hoell, A, M Hoerling, J Eischeid, K Wolter, R Dole, J Perlwitz, TY Xu and LY Cheng (2016), Does El Nino intensity matter for California precipitation?. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 43 (2) 819-825, issn: 0094-8276, ids: DG4QG, doi: 10.1002/2015GL067102
  • Li, F, YV Vikhliaev, PA Newman, S Pawson, J Perlwitz, DW Waugh and AR Douglass (2016), Impacts of Interactive Stratospheric Chemistry on Antarctic and Southern Ocean Climate Change in the Goddard Earth Observing System, Version 5 (GEOS-5). J. Clim. Version: 1 29 (9) 3199-3218, issn: 0894-8755, ids: DK8AD, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0572.1
  • Sun, L, J Perlwitz and M Hoerling (2016), What caused the recent "Warm Arctic, Cold Continents" trend pattern in winter temperatures?. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 43 (10) 5345-5352, issn: 0094-8276, ids: DP2UC, doi: 10.1002/2016GL069024
  • Perlwitz, J, M Hoerling and R Dole (2015), Arctic Tropospheric Warming: Causes and Linkages to Lower Latitudes. J. Clim. Version: 1 28 (6) 2154-2167, issn: 0894-8755, ids: CD3MV, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00095.1
  • Shaw, TA, J Perlwitz and O Weiner (2014), Troposphere-stratosphere coupling: Links to North Atlantic weather and climate, including their representation in CMIP5 models. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 119 (10) 5864-5880, issn: 2169-897X, ids: AJ5YQ, doi: 10.1002/2013JD021191
  • Dole, R, M Hoerling, A Kumar, J Eischeid, J Perlwitz, XW Quan, G Kiladis, R Webb, D Murray, MY Chen, K Wolter and T Zhang (2014), THE MAKING OF AN EXTREME EVENT. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. Version: 1 95 (3) 427-440, issn: 0003-0007, ids: AG1TE, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00069.1
  • Zhang, T, J Perlwitz and MP Hoerling (2014), What is responsible for the strong observed asymmetry in teleconnections between El Nino and La Nina?. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 41 (3) 1019-1025, issn: 0094-8276, ids: AD1JO, doi: 10.1002/2013GL058964
  • Quan, XW, MP Hoerling, J Perlwitz, HF Diaz and TY Xu (2014), How Fast Are the Tropics Expanding?. J. Clim. Version: 1 27 (5) 1999-2013, issn: 0894-8755, ids: AB3KO, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00287.1
  • Hoerling, M, K Wolter, J Perlwitz, XW Quan, J Eischeid, HL Wang, S Schubert, H Diaz and R Dole (2014), NORTHEAST COLORADO EXTREME RAINS INTERPRETED IN A CLIMATE CHANGE CONTEXT. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. Version: 1 95 (9) S15-S18, issn: 0003-0007, ids: AT3FD
  • Karpechko, AY, J Perlwitz and E Manzini (2014), A model study of tropospheric impacts of the Arctic ozone depletion 2011. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 119 (13) , Art. No. 2013JD021350, issn: 2169-897X, ids: AN2IK, doi: 10.1002/2013JD021350
  • Shaw, TA and J Perlwitz (2014), On the Control of the Residual Circulation and Stratospheric Temperatures in the Arctic by Planetary Wave Coupling. J. Atmos. Sci. Version: 1 71 (1) 195-206, issn: 0022-4928, ids: 278ZM, doi: 10.1175/JAS-D-13-0138.1
  • Hoerling, M, A Kumar, R Dole, JW Nielsen-Gammon, J Eischeid, J Perlwitz, XW Quan, T Zhang, P Pegion and MY Chen (2013), Anatomy of an Extreme Event. J. Clim. Version: 1 26 (9) 2811-2832, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 133SH, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00270.1
  • Eyring, V, JM Arblaster, I Cionni, J Sedlacek, J Perliwitz, PJ Young, S Bekki, D Bergmann, P Cameron-Smith, WJ Collins, G Faluvegi, KD Gottschaldt, LW Horowitz, DE Kinnison, JF Lamarque, DR Marsh, D Saint-Martin, DT Shindell, K Sudo, S Szopa and S Watanabe (2013), Long-term ozone changes and associated climate impacts in CMIP5 simulations. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 118 (10) 5029-5060, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 229NB, doi: 10.1002/jgrd.50316
  • Santer, BD, JF Painter, CA Mears, C Doutriaux, P Caldwell, JM Arblaster, PJ Cameron-Smith, NP Gillett, PJ Gleckler, J Lanzante, J Perlwitz, S Solomon, PA Stott, KE Taylor, L Terray, PW Thorne, MF Wehner, FJ Wentz, TML Wigley, LJ Wilcox and CZ Zou (2013), Identifying human influences on atmospheric temperature. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. Version: 1 110 (1) 26-33, issn: 0027-8424, ids: 071XI, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1210514109, PubMed ID: 23197824
  • Lott, FC, PA Stott, DM Mitchell, N Christidis, NP Gillett, L Haimberger, J Perlwitz and PW Thorne (2013), Models versus radiosondes in the free atmosphere: A new detection and attribution analysis of temperature. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 118 (6) 2609-2619, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 129MB, doi: 10.1002/jgrd.50255
  • Shaw, TA and J Perlwitz (2013), The Life Cycle of Northern Hemisphere Downward Wave Coupling between the Stratosphere and Troposphere. J. Clim. Version: 1 26 (5) 1745-1763, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 098TK, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00251.1
  • Hoerling, M, J Eischeid, J Perlwitz, XW Quan, T Zhang and P Pegion (2012), On the Increased Frequency of Mediterranean Drought. J. Clim. Version: 1 25 (6) 2146-2161, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 910EP, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00296.1
  • Gerber, EP, A Butler, N Calvo, A Charlton-Perez, M Giorgetta, E Manzini, J Perlwitz, LM Polvani, F Sassi, AA Scaife, TA Shaw, SW Son and S Watanabe (2012), ASSESSING AND UNDERSTANDING THE IMPACT OF STRATOSPHERIC DYNAMICS AND VARIABILITY ON THE EARTH SYSTEM. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. Version: 1 93 (6) 845-859, issn: 0003-0007, ids: 964VI, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00145.1
  • Galarneau, TJ, TM Hamill, RM Dole and J Perlwitz (2012), A Multiscale Analysis of the Extreme Weather Events over Western Russia and Northern Pakistan during July 2010. Mon. Weather Rev. Version: 1 140 (5) 1639-1664, issn: 0027-0644, ids: 939EQ, doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-11-00191.1
  • Shaw, TA, J Perlwitz, N Harnik, PA Newman and S Pawson (2011), The Impact of Stratospheric Ozone Changes on Downward Wave Coupling in the Southern Hemisphere. J. Clim. Version: 1 24 (16) 4210-4229, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 814XN, doi: 10.1175/2011JCLI4170.1
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  • Butchart, N, AJ Charlton-Perez, I Cionni, SC Hardiman, PH Haynes, K Kruger, PJ Kushner, PA Newman, SM Osprey, J Perlwitz, M Sigmond, L Wang, H Akiyoshi, J Austin, S Bekki, A Baumgaertner, P Braesicke, C Bruhl, M Chipperfield, M Dameris, S Dhomse, V Eyring, R Garcia, H Garny, P Jockel, JF Lamarque, M Marchand, M Michou, O Morgenstern, T Nakamura, S Pawson, D Plummer, J Pyle, E Rozanov, J Scinocca, TG Shepherd, K Shibata, D Smale, H Teyssedre, W Tian, D Waugh and Y Yamashita (2011), Multimodel climate and variability of the stratosphere. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 116 , Art. No. D05102, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 731DX, doi: 10.1029/2010JD014995
  • Dole, R, M Hoerling, J Perlwitz, J Eischeid, P Pegion, T Zhang, XW Quan, TY Xu and D Murray (2011), Was there a basis for anticipating the 2010 Russian heat wave?. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 38 , Art. No. L06702, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 782JJ, doi: 10.1029/2010GL046582
  • Zhang, T, MP Hoerling, J Perlwitz, DZ Sun and D Murray (2011), Physics of US Surface Temperature Response to ENSO. J. Clim. Version: 1 24 (18) 4874-4887, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 823WN, doi: 10.1175/2011JCLI3944.1
  • Harnik, N, J Perlwitz and TA Shaw (2011), Observed Decadal Changes in Downward Wave Coupling between the Stratosphere and Troposphere in the Southern Hemisphere. J. Clim. Version: 1 24 (17) 4558-4569, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 821SD, doi: 10.1175/2011JCLI4118.1
  • Shaw, TA; Perlwitz, J (2010), The Impact of Stratospheric Model Configuration on Planetary-Scale Waves in Northern Hemisphere Winter. J. Clim. Version: 1 23 (12) 3369-3389, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 623ZM, doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3438.1
  • Shaw, TA, J Perlwitz and N Harnik (2010), Downward Wave Coupling between the Stratosphere and Troposphere. The Importance of Meridional Wave Guiding and Comparison with Zonal-Mean Coupling. J. Clim. Version: 1 23 (23) 6365-6381, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 696HP, doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3804.1
  • Li, SL, J Perlwitz, MP Hoerling and XT Chen (2010), Opposite Annular Responses of the Northern and Southern Hemispheres to Indian Ocean Warming. J. Clim. Version: 1 23 (13) 3720-3738, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 628GA, doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3410.1
  • Son, SW, EP Gerber, J Perlwitz, LM Polvani, NP Gillett, KH Seo, V Eyring, TG Shepherd, D Waugh, H Akiyoshi, J Austin, A Baumgaertner, S Bekki, P Braesicke, C Bruhl, N Butchart, MP Chipperfield, D Cugnet, M Dameris, S Dhomse, S Frith, H Garny, R Garcia, SC Hardiman, P Jockel, JF Lamarque, E Mancini, M Marchand, M Michou, T Nakamura, O Morgenstern, G Pitari, DA Plummer, J Pyle, E Rozanov, JF Scinocca, K Shibata, D Smale, H Teyssedre, W Tian and Y Yamashita (2010), Impact of stratospheric ozone on Southern Hemisphere circulation change: A multimodel assessment. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 115 , Art. No. D00M07, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 666BS, doi: 10.1029/2010JD014271
  • Kumar, A, J Perlwitz, J Eischeid, XW Quan, TY Xu, T Zhang, M Hoerling, B Jha and WQ Wang (2010), Contribution of sea ice loss to Arctic amplification. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 37 , Art. No. L21701, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 676TO, doi: 10.1029/2010GL045022
  • Hoerling, M, J Eischeid and J Perlwitz (2010), Regional Precipitation Trends: Distinguishing Natural Variability from Anthropogenic Forcing. J. Clim. Version: 1 23 (8) 2131-2145, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 594LE, doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI3420.1
  • Perlwitz, J, M Hoerling, J Eischeid, TY Xu and A Kumar (2009), A strong bout of natural cooling in 2008. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 36 , Art. No. L23706, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 531ZP, doi: 10.1029/2009GL041188
  • Koch, D, M Schulz, S Kinne, C McNaughton, JR Spackman, Y Balkanski, S Bauer, T Berntsen, TC Bond, O Boucher, M Chin, A Clarke, N De Luca, F Dentener, T Diehl, O Dubovik, R Easter, DW Fahey, J Feichter, D Fillmore, S Freitag, S Ghan, P Ginoux, S Gong, L Horowitz, T Iversen, A Kirkevag, Z Klimont, Y Kondo, M Krol, X Liu, R Miller, V Montanaro, N Moteki, G Myhre, JE Penner, J Perlwitz, G Pitari, S Reddy, L Sahu, H Sakamoto, G Schuster, JP Schwarz, O Seland, P Stier, N Takegawa, T Takemura, C Textor, JA van Aardenne and Y Zhao (2009), Evaluation of black carbon estimations in global aerosol models. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 9 (22) 9001-9026, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 525QX
  • Fogt, RL, J Perlwitz, S Pawson and MA Olsen (2009), Intra-annual relationships between polar ozone and the SAM. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 36 , Art. No. L04707, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 412MV, doi: 10.1029/2008GL036627
  • Fogt, RL, J Perlwitz, AJ Monaghan, DH Bromwich, JM Jones and GJ Marshall (2009), Historical SAM Variability. Part II: Twentieth-Century Variability and Trends from Reconstructions, Observations, and the IPCC AR4 Models. J. Clim. Version: 1 22 (20) 5346-5365, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 510HY, doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI2786.1
  • Waugh, DW, L Oman, PA Newman, RS Stolarski, S Pawson, JE Nielsen and J Perlwitz (2009), Effect of zonal asymmetries in stratospheric ozone on simulated Southern Hemisphere climate trends. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 36 , Art. No. L18701, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 499OT, doi: 10.1029/2009GL040419
  • Li, SL, J Perlwitz, XW Quan and MP Hoerling (2008), Modelling the influence of North Atlantic multidecadal warmth on the Indian summer rainfall. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 35 (5) , Art. No. L05804, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 276PX, doi: 10.1029/2007GL032901
  • Perlwitz, J; Pawson, S; Fogt, RL; Nielsen, JE; Neff, WD (2008), Impact of stratospheric ozone hole recovery on Antarctic climate. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 35 (8) , Art. No. L08714, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 295EW, doi: 10.1029/2008GL033317
  • Neff, W; Perlwitz, J; Hoerling, M (2008), Observational evidence for asymmetric changes in tropospheric heights over Antarctica on decadal time scales. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 35 (18) , Art. No. L18703, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 351AE, doi: 10.1029/2008GL035074
  • Charlton, AJ, LM Polvani, J Perlwitz, F Sassi, E Manzini, K Shibata, S Pawson, JE Nielsen and D Rind (2007), A new look at stratospheric sudden warmings. Part II: Evaluation of numerical model simulations. J. Clim. Version: 1 20 (3) 470-488, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 134OP, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3994.1
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