Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences

Judith Perlwitz

Judith Perlwitz

Research Interests

I am a research scientist at NOAA's Earth System Research Laboratory (Physical Sciences Division, PSD) in Boulder, Colorado. I am a member of PSD’s Attribution and Predictability Assessments Team which seeks to understand the physical factors that cause observed regional and seasonal climate trends, and high-impact weather and climate events. We place a special emphasis on understanding the large-scale drivers that influence local and regional extreme events such as floods, droughts, and heat waves.

Current Research

·      Linkages between Arctic amplification and lower-latitude weather and climate extremes
·      Role of stratospheric processes in predicting ENSO-NAO connections on subseasonal time scale
·      Understanding the causes of the failed Winter rains in Southern California during the 2015/16 El Niño event


Honors and Awards

  • American Meteorological Society, Fellow 2016

View Publications

  • Quan, XW; Hoerling, M; Smith, L; Perlwitz, J; Zhang, T; Hoell, A; Wolter, K; Eischeid, J (2018), EXTREME CALIFORNIA RAINS DURING WINTER 2015/16: A CHANGE IN EL NINO TELECONNECTION?. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. Version: 1 99 (1) S49-S53, issn: 0003-0007, ids: GB8IG, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0118.1
  • Zhang, T; Hoerling, MP; Wolter, K; Eischeid, J; Cheng, LY; Hoell, A; Perlwitz, J; Quan, XW; Barsugli, J (2018), Predictability and Prediction of Southern California Rains during Strong El Nino Events: A Focus on the Failed 2016 Winter Rains. J. Clim. Version: 1 31 (2) 555-574, issn: 0894-8755, ids: FW2WF, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0396.1
  • Li, F; Newman, P; Pawson, S; Perlwitz, J (2018), Effects of Greenhouse Gas Increase and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion on Stratospheric Mean Age of Air in 1960-2010. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 123 (4) 2098-2110, issn: 2169-897X, ids: FZ7IR, doi: 10.1002/2017JD027562
  • Albers, JR; Perlwitz, J; Butler, AH; Birner, T; Kiladis, GN; Lawrence, ZD; Manney, GL; Langford, AO; Dias, J (2017), Mechanisms Governing Interannual Variability of Stratosphere-to-Troposphere Ozone Transport. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 123 (1) 234-260, issn: 2169-897X, ids: FT8WI, doi: 10.1002/2017JD026890
  • Zhang, T, MP Hoerling, J Perlwitz and TY Xu (2016), Forced Atmospheric Teleconnections during 1979-2014. J. Clim. Version: 1 29 (7) 2333-2357, issn: 0894-8755, ids: DH5GG, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0226.1
  • Hoerling, M, J Eischeid, J Perlwitz, XW Quan, K Wolter and LY Cheng (2016), Characterizing Recent Trends in U.S. Heavy Precipitation. J. Clim. Version: 1 29 (7) 2313-2332, issn: 0894-8755, ids: DH5GG, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0441.1
  • Hoell, A, M Hoerling, J Eischeid, K Wolter, R Dole, J Perlwitz, TY Xu and LY Cheng (2016), Does El Nino intensity matter for California precipitation?. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 43 (2) 819-825, issn: 0094-8276, ids: DG4QG, doi: 10.1002/2015GL067102
  • Li, F, YV Vikhliaev, PA Newman, S Pawson, J Perlwitz, DW Waugh and AR Douglass (2016), Impacts of Interactive Stratospheric Chemistry on Antarctic and Southern Ocean Climate Change in the Goddard Earth Observing System, Version 5 (GEOS-5). J. Clim. Version: 1 29 (9) 3199-3218, issn: 0894-8755, ids: DK8AD, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0572.1
  • Sun, L, J Perlwitz and M Hoerling (2016), What caused the recent "Warm Arctic, Cold Continents" trend pattern in winter temperatures?. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 43 (10) 5345-5352, issn: 0094-8276, ids: DP2UC, doi: 10.1002/2016GL069024
  • Perlwitz, J, M Hoerling and R Dole (2015), Arctic Tropospheric Warming: Causes and Linkages to Lower Latitudes. J. Clim. Version: 1 28 (6) 2154-2167, issn: 0894-8755, ids: CD3MV, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00095.1
  • Shaw, TA, J Perlwitz and O Weiner (2014), Troposphere-stratosphere coupling: Links to North Atlantic weather and climate, including their representation in CMIP5 models. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 119 (10) 5864-5880, issn: 2169-897X, ids: AJ5YQ, doi: 10.1002/2013JD021191
  • Dole, R, M Hoerling, A Kumar, J Eischeid, J Perlwitz, XW Quan, G Kiladis, R Webb, D Murray, MY Chen, K Wolter and T Zhang (2014), THE MAKING OF AN EXTREME EVENT. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. Version: 1 95 (3) 427-440, issn: 0003-0007, ids: AG1TE, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00069.1
  • Zhang, T, J Perlwitz and MP Hoerling (2014), What is responsible for the strong observed asymmetry in teleconnections between El Nino and La Nina?. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 41 (3) 1019-1025, issn: 0094-8276, ids: AD1JO, doi: 10.1002/2013GL058964
  • Quan, XW, MP Hoerling, J Perlwitz, HF Diaz and TY Xu (2014), How Fast Are the Tropics Expanding?. J. Clim. Version: 1 27 (5) 1999-2013, issn: 0894-8755, ids: AB3KO, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00287.1
  • Hoerling, M, K Wolter, J Perlwitz, XW Quan, J Eischeid, HL Wang, S Schubert, H Diaz and R Dole (2014), NORTHEAST COLORADO EXTREME RAINS INTERPRETED IN A CLIMATE CHANGE CONTEXT. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. Version: 1 95 (9) S15-S18, issn: 0003-0007, ids: AT3FD
  • Karpechko, AY, J Perlwitz and E Manzini (2014), A model study of tropospheric impacts of the Arctic ozone depletion 2011. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 119 (13) , Art. No. 2013JD021350, issn: 2169-897X, ids: AN2IK, doi: 10.1002/2013JD021350
  • Shaw, TA and J Perlwitz (2014), On the Control of the Residual Circulation and Stratospheric Temperatures in the Arctic by Planetary Wave Coupling. J. Atmos. Sci. Version: 1 71 (1) 195-206, issn: 0022-4928, ids: 278ZM, doi: 10.1175/JAS-D-13-0138.1
  • Hoerling, M, A Kumar, R Dole, JW Nielsen-Gammon, J Eischeid, J Perlwitz, XW Quan, T Zhang, P Pegion and MY Chen (2013), Anatomy of an Extreme Event. J. Clim. Version: 1 26 (9) 2811-2832, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 133SH, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00270.1
  • Eyring, V, JM Arblaster, I Cionni, J Sedlacek, J Perliwitz, PJ Young, S Bekki, D Bergmann, P Cameron-Smith, WJ Collins, G Faluvegi, KD Gottschaldt, LW Horowitz, DE Kinnison, JF Lamarque, DR Marsh, D Saint-Martin, DT Shindell, K Sudo, S Szopa and S Watanabe (2013), Long-term ozone changes and associated climate impacts in CMIP5 simulations. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 118 (10) 5029-5060, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 229NB, doi: 10.1002/jgrd.50316
  • Santer, BD, JF Painter, CA Mears, C Doutriaux, P Caldwell, JM Arblaster, PJ Cameron-Smith, NP Gillett, PJ Gleckler, J Lanzante, J Perlwitz, S Solomon, PA Stott, KE Taylor, L Terray, PW Thorne, MF Wehner, FJ Wentz, TML Wigley, LJ Wilcox and CZ Zou (2013), Identifying human influences on atmospheric temperature. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. Version: 1 110 (1) 26-33, issn: 0027-8424, ids: 071XI, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1210514109, PubMed ID: 23197824
  • Lott, FC, PA Stott, DM Mitchell, N Christidis, NP Gillett, L Haimberger, J Perlwitz and PW Thorne (2013), Models versus radiosondes in the free atmosphere: A new detection and attribution analysis of temperature. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 118 (6) 2609-2619, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 129MB, doi: 10.1002/jgrd.50255
  • Shaw, TA and J Perlwitz (2013), The Life Cycle of Northern Hemisphere Downward Wave Coupling between the Stratosphere and Troposphere. J. Clim. Version: 1 26 (5) 1745-1763, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 098TK, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00251.1
  • Hoerling, M, J Eischeid, J Perlwitz, XW Quan, T Zhang and P Pegion (2012), On the Increased Frequency of Mediterranean Drought. J. Clim. Version: 1 25 (6) 2146-2161, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 910EP, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00296.1
  • Gerber, EP, A Butler, N Calvo, A Charlton-Perez, M Giorgetta, E Manzini, J Perlwitz, LM Polvani, F Sassi, AA Scaife, TA Shaw, SW Son and S Watanabe (2012), ASSESSING AND UNDERSTANDING THE IMPACT OF STRATOSPHERIC DYNAMICS AND VARIABILITY ON THE EARTH SYSTEM. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. Version: 1 93 (6) 845-859, issn: 0003-0007, ids: 964VI, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00145.1
  • Galarneau, TJ, TM Hamill, RM Dole and J Perlwitz (2012), A Multiscale Analysis of the Extreme Weather Events over Western Russia and Northern Pakistan during July 2010. Mon. Weather Rev. Version: 1 140 (5) 1639-1664, issn: 0027-0644, ids: 939EQ, doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-11-00191.1
  • Shaw, TA, J Perlwitz, N Harnik, PA Newman and S Pawson (2011), The Impact of Stratospheric Ozone Changes on Downward Wave Coupling in the Southern Hemisphere. J. Clim. Version: 1 24 (16) 4210-4229, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 814XN, doi: 10.1175/2011JCLI4170.1
  • Achberger, Christine, Steven A. Ackerman, A. Ahlstrom, Eric J. Alfaro, Robert J. Allan, Robert J. Alves, Jorge A. Amador, Vincent Amelie, Solonomenjanahary Andrianjafinirina, John Antonov, Derek S. Arndt, Igor Ashik, Zachary Atheru, Samar M. Attaher, Julian Baez, Viva Banzon, Molly O. Baringer, Sandra Barreira, David Barriopedro, Pawan K. Barthia, Lisa M. Beal, Andreas Becker, Michael J. Behrenfeld, Gerald D. Bell, Alan S. Belward, Angela Benedetti, Paul Berrisford, David I. Berry, Agnieszka Beszczynska-Moeller, Uma S. Bhatt, Mario Bidegain, Nathaniel L. Bindoff, Peter Bissolli, Eric S. Blake, Jessica Blunden, Prithiviraj Booneeady, Michael G. Bosilovich, Dagne R. Boudet, Jason E. Box, Timothy P. Boyer, David H. Bromwich, Ross Brown, Harry L. Bryden, Olga N. Bulygina, John Burrows, J. Butler, Philippe Cais, Blanca Calderon, T. V. Callaghan, Suzana J. Camargo, John Cappelen, Eddy Carmack, Don P. Chambers, Muthuvel Chelliah, Maria P. Chidichimo, H. Christiansen, John Christy, Caio A. S. Coehlo, Steve Colwell, Josefino C. Comiso, Gilber P. Compo, Jake Crouch, Stuart A. Cunningham, Virgen C. Cutie, Aiguo Dai, Valentina Davydova-Belitskaya, Richard de Jeu, David Decker, Dick Dee, M. Demircan, Chris Derksen, Howard J. Diamond, Howard Dlugokencky, Kathleen Dohan, A. Johannes Dolman, Wouter Dorigo, Dmitry S. Drozdov, Paul J. Durack, Geoffrey S. Dutton, David Easterling, Ayataka Ebita, Jon Eischeid, James W. Elkins, Howard E. Epstein, Christian Euscategui, Eleanor Faijka-Williams, James S. Famiglietti, Rija Faniriantsoa, Richard A. Feely, Balazs M. Fekete, Chris Fenimore, Xavier Fettweis, Eric Field, Vitali E. Fioletov, Vitali E. Fogarty, Ryan L. Fogt, B. C. Forbes, Michael J. Foster, E. Frajka-Williams, Melissa Free, Ivan Frolov, A. L. Ganesan, Catherine Ganter, Ethan J. Gibney, Stephen Gill, M. Gill, Wilson Gitau, Karin L. Gleason, Nadine Gobron, Stanley B. Goldenberg, Gustavo J. Goni, Idelmis G. Gonzalez, Simon A. Good, Jonathan Gottschalck, William A. Gould, Celia M. Gouveia, Georgina M. Griffiths, Chip Guard, Vladimir V. Guevara, C. Haas, Bradley D. Hall, Michael S. Halpert, Andrew K. Heidinger, A. Heil, Jr. Richard R. Heim, Paula A. Hennon, Greg H. R. Henry, Hugo G. Hidalgo, Kyle Hilburn, Joel J. M. Hirschi, Shu-peng Ho, Jay S. Hobgood, Martin Hoerling, Simon Holgate, Simon J. Hook, Sebastien Hugony, D. Hurst, Hiroshi Ishihara, M. Itoh, Ena Jaimes, Martin Jeffries, Gensu J. Jia, Xiangze Jin, William E. John, Bryan Johnson, Gregory C. Johnson, Philip D. Jones, Guillaume Jumaux, Khadija Kabidi, Johannes W. Kaiser, Torsten O. Kanzow, Alexey Kaplan, Edward J. Kearns, Linda M. Keller, John J. Kennedy, Samar Khatiwala, Alexander Kholodov, Mahbobeh Khoshkam, T. Kikuchi, Todd B. Kimberlain, John A. Knaff, Shinya Kobayashi, Steve V. Kokelj, Natalia N. Korshunova, David P. Kratz, Richard Krishfield, Andries Kruger, Michael C. Kruk, Kumar Arun, Richard B. Lammers, Mark A. Lander, Chris W. Landsea, Hugues Lantuit, Trevor C. Lantz, Braulio P. Lapinel, Zubair Lareef, Matthew A. Lazzara, Antonia L. Leon, Gloria Leon, Eric Lauliette, Sydney Levitus, Joel M. Levy, Michelle L'Heureux, I. I. Lin, Hongxing Liu, Yanju Liu, Yi Liu, Norman G. Loeb, Craig S. Long, Andrew M. Lorrey, Rick Lumpkin, Jing-Jia Luo, John M. Lyman, Alison M. Macdonald, Brent C. Maddux, Frank Maier, Galina Malkova, Sergey Marchenko, Jose A. Marengo, Stephane Maritorena, Jochem Marotzke, Rodney Martinez Guingla, Jochem Maslanik, Robert A. Masson, Charlotte McBride, Simon McGree, Fiona McLaughlin, Rich McPeters, Tim R. McVicar, Carl A. Mears, Mahmoud A. Medany, Walt Meier, Christopher S. Meinen, Mark A. Merrifield, Laury Miller, Gary T. Mitchum, Steve Montzka, Jean-Jacques Morcrette, Thomas Mote, Jens Muhle, A. Brett Mullan, Don Murray, Eric R. Nash, Steven R. Nerem, Paul A. Newman, S. Nishino, Leonard Njau, J. Noetzli, S. F. Oberbauer, Naum Oberman, Andre Obregon, Laban Ogallo, Christopher Oludhe, Robert T. O'Malley, James Overland, Geun-Ha Park, David E. Parker, Richard J. Pasch, Phil Pegion, Alexandre Peltier, Mauri S. Pelto, Olga C. Penalba, Ramon S. Perez, Judith Perlwitz, Donald Perovich, Thomas C. Peterson, Alexandre B. Pezza, David Phillips, Jorge E. Pinzon, Michael C. Pitts, A. Proshutinsky, S. Quegan, Juan Quintana, Alexander Quintero, B. Rabe, Fatemeh Rahimzadeh, Madhavan Rajeevan, Darren Rayner, Nick A. Rayner, Martha K. Raynolds, Vyacheslav N. Razuvaev, James R. Reagan, Phillip Reid, James A. Renwick, Jayashree Revadekar, Richard W. Reynolds, Jacqueline Richter-Menge, Eric Rignot, David A. Robinson, Matthew Rodell, Mark Rogers, Vladimir Romanovsky, Fernando Romero-Cruz, Josyane Ronchail, Karen Rosenlof, Shawn Rossi, Glenn Rutledge, Sassan Saatchi, Christopher L. Sabine, Suranjana Saha, Ahira Sanchez-Lugo, Michelle L. Santee, Hitoshi Sato, P. Sawaengphokhai, Amal Sayouri, Ted A. Scambos, U. Schauer, Jae Schemm, Claudia Schmid, Philipp Schneider, Dominique Schueller, Serhat Sensoy, Martin Sharp, Gus R. Shaver, Alexander Shiklomanov, N. Shiklomanov, Koji Shimada, David A. Siegel, Adrian Simmons, Maria Skansi, Adam Smith, Cathy Smith, S. Smith, Thomas M. Smith, Vladimir Sokolov, Jacqueline M. Spence, Arvind Kumar Srivastava, Jr. Paul W. Stackhouse, Sharon Stammerjohn, Mike Steele, Wolfgang Steinbrecht, Tannecia S. Stephenson, Richard S. Stolarski, Lloyd Tahani, Taro Takahashi, Michael A. Taylor, Jean-Noel Thepaut, Wassila M. Thiaw, Peter W. Thorne, M. L. Timmermans, Skie Tobin, John Toole, Blair C. Trewin, Ricardo M. Trigo, Compton J. Tucker, Craig E. Tweedie, D. van As, R. S. W. van de Wal, Ronald J. van der A, G. R. van der Werf, Robert Vautard, G. Vieira, Lucie A. Vincent, Lucie A. Vinther, B. Vinther, Russell Vose, Wolfgang Wagner, John Wahr, David A. Walker, John Walsh, Chunzai Wang, Junhong Wang, Lei Wang, Muyin Wang, Sheng-Hung Wang, Rik Wanninkhof, Scott Weaver, Patrick J. Webber, Mark Weber, Robert A. Weller, James Weyman, Robert Whitewood, Susan E. Wijffels, Anne C. Wilber, Katharine M. Willett, W. Williams, Joshua K. Willis, Gabriel Wolken, Takmeng Wong, Rebecca Woodgate, Philip Woodworth, Alex J. Wovrosh, Yan Xue, M. Yamamoto-Kawai, Xungang Yin, Lisan Yu, Liangying Zhang, Peiqun Zhang, L. Zhao, Xinjia Zhou and S. Zimmermann (2011), STATE OF THE CLIMATE IN 2010. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. Version: 1 92 (6) S17-+, ids: 0003-0007
  • Butchart, N, AJ Charlton-Perez, I Cionni, SC Hardiman, PH Haynes, K Kruger, PJ Kushner, PA Newman, SM Osprey, J Perlwitz, M Sigmond, L Wang, H Akiyoshi, J Austin, S Bekki, A Baumgaertner, P Braesicke, C Bruhl, M Chipperfield, M Dameris, S Dhomse, V Eyring, R Garcia, H Garny, P Jockel, JF Lamarque, M Marchand, M Michou, O Morgenstern, T Nakamura, S Pawson, D Plummer, J Pyle, E Rozanov, J Scinocca, TG Shepherd, K Shibata, D Smale, H Teyssedre, W Tian, D Waugh and Y Yamashita (2011), Multimodel climate and variability of the stratosphere. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 116 , Art. No. D05102, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 731DX, doi: 10.1029/2010JD014995
  • Dole, R, M Hoerling, J Perlwitz, J Eischeid, P Pegion, T Zhang, XW Quan, TY Xu and D Murray (2011), Was there a basis for anticipating the 2010 Russian heat wave?. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 38 , Art. No. L06702, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 782JJ, doi: 10.1029/2010GL046582
  • Zhang, T, MP Hoerling, J Perlwitz, DZ Sun and D Murray (2011), Physics of US Surface Temperature Response to ENSO. J. Clim. Version: 1 24 (18) 4874-4887, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 823WN, doi: 10.1175/2011JCLI3944.1
  • Harnik, N, J Perlwitz and TA Shaw (2011), Observed Decadal Changes in Downward Wave Coupling between the Stratosphere and Troposphere in the Southern Hemisphere. J. Clim. Version: 1 24 (17) 4558-4569, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 821SD, doi: 10.1175/2011JCLI4118.1
  • Shaw, TA and J Perlwitz (2010), The Impact of Stratospheric Model Configuration on Planetary-Scale Waves in Northern Hemisphere Winter. J. Clim. Version: 1 23 (12) 3369-3389, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 623ZM, doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3438.1
  • Shaw, TA, J Perlwitz and N Harnik (2010), Downward Wave Coupling between the Stratosphere and Troposphere. The Importance of Meridional Wave Guiding and Comparison with Zonal-Mean Coupling. J. Clim. Version: 1 23 (23) 6365-6381, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 696HP, doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3804.1
  • Li, SL, J Perlwitz, MP Hoerling and XT Chen (2010), Opposite Annular Responses of the Northern and Southern Hemispheres to Indian Ocean Warming. J. Clim. Version: 1 23 (13) 3720-3738, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 628GA, doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3410.1
  • Son, SW, EP Gerber, J Perlwitz, LM Polvani, NP Gillett, KH Seo, V Eyring, TG Shepherd, D Waugh, H Akiyoshi, J Austin, A Baumgaertner, S Bekki, P Braesicke, C Bruhl, N Butchart, MP Chipperfield, D Cugnet, M Dameris, S Dhomse, S Frith, H Garny, R Garcia, SC Hardiman, P Jockel, JF Lamarque, E Mancini, M Marchand, M Michou, T Nakamura, O Morgenstern, G Pitari, DA Plummer, J Pyle, E Rozanov, JF Scinocca, K Shibata, D Smale, H Teyssedre, W Tian and Y Yamashita (2010), Impact of stratospheric ozone on Southern Hemisphere circulation change: A multimodel assessment. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 115 , Art. No. D00M07, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 666BS, doi: 10.1029/2010JD014271
  • Kumar, A, J Perlwitz, J Eischeid, XW Quan, TY Xu, T Zhang, M Hoerling, B Jha and WQ Wang (2010), Contribution of sea ice loss to Arctic amplification. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 37 , Art. No. L21701, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 676TO, doi: 10.1029/2010GL045022
  • Hoerling, M, J Eischeid and J Perlwitz (2010), Regional Precipitation Trends: Distinguishing Natural Variability from Anthropogenic Forcing. J. Clim. Version: 1 23 (8) 2131-2145, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 594LE, doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI3420.1
  • Perlwitz, J, M Hoerling, J Eischeid, TY Xu and A Kumar (2009), A strong bout of natural cooling in 2008. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 36 , Art. No. L23706, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 531ZP, doi: 10.1029/2009GL041188
  • Koch, D, M Schulz, S Kinne, C McNaughton, JR Spackman, Y Balkanski, S Bauer, T Berntsen, TC Bond, O Boucher, M Chin, A Clarke, N De Luca, F Dentener, T Diehl, O Dubovik, R Easter, DW Fahey, J Feichter, D Fillmore, S Freitag, S Ghan, P Ginoux, S Gong, L Horowitz, T Iversen, A Kirkevag, Z Klimont, Y Kondo, M Krol, X Liu, R Miller, V Montanaro, N Moteki, G Myhre, JE Penner, J Perlwitz, G Pitari, S Reddy, L Sahu, H Sakamoto, G Schuster, JP Schwarz, O Seland, P Stier, N Takegawa, T Takemura, C Textor, JA van Aardenne and Y Zhao (2009), Evaluation of black carbon estimations in global aerosol models. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 9 (22) 9001-9026, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 525QX
  • Fogt, RL, J Perlwitz, S Pawson and MA Olsen (2009), Intra-annual relationships between polar ozone and the SAM. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 36 , Art. No. L04707, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 412MV, doi: 10.1029/2008GL036627
  • Fogt, RL, J Perlwitz, AJ Monaghan, DH Bromwich, JM Jones and GJ Marshall (2009), Historical SAM Variability. Part II: Twentieth-Century Variability and Trends from Reconstructions, Observations, and the IPCC AR4 Models. J. Clim. Version: 1 22 (20) 5346-5365, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 510HY, doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI2786.1
  • Waugh, DW, L Oman, PA Newman, RS Stolarski, S Pawson, JE Nielsen and J Perlwitz (2009), Effect of zonal asymmetries in stratospheric ozone on simulated Southern Hemisphere climate trends. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 36 , Art. No. L18701, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 499OT, doi: 10.1029/2009GL040419
  • Li, SL, J Perlwitz, XW Quan and MP Hoerling (2008), Modelling the influence of North Atlantic multidecadal warmth on the Indian summer rainfall. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 35 (5) , Art. No. L05804, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 276PX, doi: 10.1029/2007GL032901
  • Perlwitz, J, S Pawson, RL Fogt, JE Nielsen and WD Neff (2008), Impact of stratospheric ozone hole recovery on Antarctic climate. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 35 (8) , Art. No. L08714, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 295EW, doi: 10.1029/2008GL033317
  • Neff, W, J Perlwitz and M Hoerling (2008), Observational evidence for asymmetric changes in tropospheric heights over Antarctica on decadal time scales. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 35 (18) , Art. No. L18703, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 351AE, doi: 10.1029/2008GL035074
  • Charlton, AJ, LM Polvani, J Perlwitz, F Sassi, E Manzini, K Shibata, S Pawson, JE Nielsen and D Rind (2007), A new look at stratospheric sudden warmings. Part II: Evaluation of numerical model simulations. J. Clim. Version: 1 20 (3) 470-488, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 134OP, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3994.1
  • Hansen, J., M. Sato, R. Ruedy, P. Kharecha, A. Lacis, R. Miller, L. Nazarenko, K. Lo, G. A. Schmidt, G. Russell, I. Aleinov, S. Bauer, E. Baum, B. Cairns, V. Canuto, M. Chandler, Y. Cheng, A. Cohen, A. Del Genio, G. Faluvegi, E. Fleming, A. Friend, T. Hall, C. Jackman, J. Jonas, M. Kelley, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, G. Labow, J. Lerner, S. Menon, T. Novakov, V. Oinas, Ja. Perlwitz, Ju. Perlwitz, D. Rind, A. Romanou, R. Schmunk, D. Shindell, P. Stone, S. Sun, D. Streets, N. Tausnev, D. Thresher, N. Unger, M. Yao and S. Zhang (2007), Climate simulations for 1880-2003 with GISS modelE. Clim. Dyn. Version: 1 29 (8-Jul) 661-696, ids: 0930-7575, doi: 10.1007/s00382-007-0255-8
  • Hansen, J., M. Sato, R. Ruedy, P. Kharecha, A. Lacis, R. Miller, L. Nazarenko, K. Lo, G. A. Schmidt, G. Russell, I. Aleinov, S. Bauer, E. Baum, B. Cairns, V. Canuto, M. Chandler, Y. Cheng, A. Cohen, A. Del Genio, G. Faluvegi, E. Fleming, A. Friend, T. Hall, C. Jackman, J. Jonas, M. Kelley, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, G. Labow, J. Lerner, S. Menon, T. Novakov, V. Oinas, Ja. Perlwitz, Ju. Perlwitz, D. Rind, A. Romanou, R. Schmunk, D. Shindell, P. Stone, S. Sun, D. Streets, N. Tausnev, D. Thresher, N. Unger, M. Yao and S. Zhang (2007), Dangerous human-made interference with climate: a GISS modelE study. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 7 (9) 2287-2312, ids: 1680-7316
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