Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences at the University of Colorado Boulder

Graham Feingold

Research Interests

I am a research scientist at NOAA's Earth System Research Laboratory (Chemical Sciences Division) in Boulder, Colorado. My interests lie in aerosol-cloud-precipitation interactions and implications for climate change. My group’s focus is on process level studies using high resolution models and observations (aircraft and surface remote sensing) at the cloud scale (10s of meters to 100 km). We primarily study shallow clouds and how they are modified by particulate matter (aerosol) and how they might change in a warmer climate (the cloud feedback problem).

Current Research

  • Emergence and Self-Organization in Cloud Fields
  • Aerosol Effects on Precipitation
  • Small cumulus clouds: their importance for climate and their response to aerosol perturbations


Honors and Awards

  • American Geophysical Union Fellow, 2013
  • NOAA Administrator's Awards, 2003, 2008
  • NOAA Office of Atmospheric Research Outstanding Paper Awards, 2002, 2003
  • NOAA Environmental Technology Laboratory Award for Innovative Research in the Modeling of Complex Cloud and Aerosol Interactions, 1998

View Publications

  • Dagan, G, I Koren, O Altaratz and G Feingold (2018), Feedback mechanisms of shallow convective clouds in a warmer climate as demonstrated by changes in buoyancy. Environ. Res. Lett. Version: 1 13 (5) , Art. No. 54033, issn: 1748-9326, ids: GG1HT, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/aac.178
  • Yamaguchi, T, G Feingold and VE Larson (2017), Framework for improvement by vertical enhancement: A simple approach to improve representation of low and high-level clouds in large-scale models. J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst. Version: 1 9 (1) 627-646, issn: 1942-2466, ids: ES7UH, doi: 10.1002/2016MS000815
  • Koren, I, E Tziperman and G Feingold (2017), Exploring the nonlinear cloud and rain equation. Chaos Version: 1 27 (1) , Art. No. 13107, issn: 1054-1500, ids: EM0UM, doi: 10.1063/1.4973593, PubMed ID: 28147495
  • Feingold, G, J Balsells, F Glassmeier, T Yamaguchi, J Kazil and A McComiskey (2017), Analysis of albedo versus cloud fraction relationships in liquid water clouds using heuristic models and large eddy simulation. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 122 (13) 7086-7102, issn: 2169-897X, ids: FE0HB, doi: 10.1002/2017JD026467
  • Maahn, M., G. de Boer, J. M. Creamean, G. Feingold, G. M. McFarquhar, W. Wu, and F. Mei (2017), The observed influence of local anthropogenic pollution on northern Alaskan cloud properties. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 17 (23) 14709-14726, issn: 1680-7316, ids: FP4VB, doi: 10.5194/acp-17-14709-2017
  • Feingold, G and A McComiskey (2016), ARMs Aerosol-Cloud-Precipitation Research (Aerosol Indirect Effects). Version: 1 ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION MEASUREMENT (ARM) PROGRAM: THE FIRST 20 YEARS 57 , Ed. Turner, DD; Ellingson, RG, issn: 0065-9401, ids: BH3QJ, isbn: 978-1-878220-84-4, doi: 10.1175/AMSMONOGRAPHS-D-15-0022.1
  • Seinfeld, JH, C Bretherton, KS Carslaw, H Coe, PJ DeMott, EJ Dunlea, G Feingold, S Ghan, AB Guenther, R Kahn, I Kraucunas, SM Kreidenweis, MJ Molina, A Nenes, JE Penner, KA Prather, V Ramanathan, V Ramaswamy, PJ Rasch, AR Ravishankara, D Rosenfeld, G Stephens and R Wood (2016), Improving our fundamental understanding of the role of aerosol-cloud interactions in the climate system. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. Version: 1 113 (21) 5781-5790, issn: 0027-8424, ids: DN0UD, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1514043113, PubMed ID: 27222566
  • Heiblum, RH, O Altaratz, I Koren, G Feingold, AB Kostinski, AP Khain, M Ovchinnikov, E Fredj, G Dagan, L Pinto, R Yaish and Q Chen (2016), Characterization of cumulus cloud fields using trajectories in the center of gravity versus water mass phase space: 2. Aerosol effects on warm convective clouds. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 121 (11) 6356-6373, issn: 2169-897X, ids: DT6YT, doi: 10.1002/2015JD024193
  • Feingold, G, A McComiskey, T Yamaguchi, JS Johnson, KS Carslaw and KS Schmidt (2016), New approaches to quantifying aerosol influence on the cloud radiative effect. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. Version: 1 113 (21) 5812-5819, issn: 0027-8424, ids: DN0UD, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1514035112, PubMed ID: 26831092
  • Sena, ET, A McComiskey and G Feingold (2016), A long-term study of aerosol-cloud interactions and their radiative effect at the Southern Great Plains using ground-based measurements. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 16 (17) 11301-11318, issn: 1680-7316, ids: DX3CS, doi: 10.5194/acp-16-11301-2016
  • Kazil, J, G Feingold and T Yamaguchi (2016), Wind speed response of marine non-precipitating stratocumulus clouds over a diurnal cycle in cloud-system resolving simulations. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 16 (9) 5811-5839, issn: 1680-7316, ids: DN3BU, doi: 10.5194/acp-16-5811-2016
  • Heiblum, RH, O Altaratz, I Koren, G Feingold, AB Kostinski, AP Khain, M Ovchinnikov, E Fredj, G Dagan, L Pinto, R Yaish and Q Chen (2016), Characterization of cumulus cloud fields using trajectories in the center of gravity versus water mass phase space: 1. Cloud tracking and phase space description. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 121 (11) 6336-6355, issn: 2169-897X, ids: DT6YT, doi: 10.1002/2015JD024186
  • Feingold, G, I Koren, T Yamaguchi and J Kazil (2015), On the reversibility of transitions between closed and open cellular convection. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 15 (13) 7351-7367, issn: 1680-7316, ids: CM8UT, doi: 10.5194/acp-15-7351-2015
  • Yamaguchi, T and G Feingold (2015), On the relationship between open cellular convective cloud patterns and the spatial distribution of precipitation. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 15 (3) 1237-1251, issn: 1680-7316, ids: CB7IF, doi: 10.5194/acp-15-1237-2015
  • Yamaguchi, T, G Feingold, J Kazil and A McComiskey (2015), Stratocumulus to cumulus transition in the presence of elevated smoke layers. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 42 (23) 10478-10485, issn: 0094-8276, ids: DB2MV, doi: 10.1002/2015GL066544
  • Lebo, ZJ, CR Williams, G Feingold and VE Larson (2015), Parameterization of the Spatial Variability of Rain for Large-Scale Models and Remote Sensing. J. Appl. Meteorol. Climatol. Version: 1 54 (10) 2027-2046, issn: 1558-8424, ids: CU7CV, doi: 10.1175/JAMC-D-15-0066.1
  • Fielding, MD, JC Chiu, RJ Hogan, G Feingold, E Eloranta, EJ OConnor and MP Cadeddu (2015), Joint retrievals of cloud and drizzle in marine boundary layer clouds using ground-based radar, lidar and zenith radiances. Atmos. Meas. Tech. Version: 1 8 (7) 2663-2683, issn: 1867-1381, ids: CN9WA, doi: 10.5194/amt-8-2663-2015
  • Solomon, A, G Feingold and MD Shupe (2015), The role of ice nuclei recycling in the maintenance of cloud ice in Arctic mixed-phase stratocumulus. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 15 (18) 10631-10643, issn: 1680-7316, ids: CT0AZ, doi: 10.5194/acp-15-10631-2015
  • Lebo, ZJ and G Feingold (2014), On the relationship between responses in cloud water and precipitation to changes in aerosol. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 14 (21) 11817-11831, issn: 1680-7316, ids: AT5LY, doi: 10.5194/acp-14-11817-2014
  • Witte, MK, PY Chuang and G Feingold (2014), On clocks and clouds. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 14 (13) 6729-6738, issn: 1680-7316, ids: AL6LR, doi: 10.5194/acp-14-6729-2014
  • Seidel, DJ, G Feingold, AR Jacobson and N Loeb (2014), Detection limits of albedo changes induced by climate engineering. Nat. Clim. Chang. Version: 1 4 (2) 93-98, issn: 1758-678X, ids: AE0PD, doi: 10.1038/NCLIMATE2076
  • Heiblum, RH, I Koren and G Feingold (2014), On the link between Amazonian forest properties and shallow cumulus cloud fields. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 14 (12) 6063-6074, issn: 1680-7316, ids: AK5BH, doi: 10.5194/acp-14-6063-2014
  • Lee, SS, G Feingold, A McComiskey, T Yamaguchi, I Koren, JV Martins and HB Yu (2014), Effect of gradients in biomass burning aerosol on shallow cumulus convective circulations. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 119 (16) 9948-9964, issn: 2169-897X, ids: AP3RF, doi: 10.1002/2014JD021819
  • Kazil, J, G Feingold, H Wang and T Yamaguchi (2014), On the interaction between marine boundary layer cellular cloudiness and surface heat fluxes. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 14 (1) 61-79, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 292VL, doi: 10.5194/acp-14-61-2014
  • Mechoso, CR, R Wood, R Weller, CS Bretherton, AD Clarke, H Coe, C Fairall, JT Farrar, G Feingold, R Garreaud, C Grados, J McWilliams, SP de Szoeke, SE Yuter and P Zuidema (2014), OCEAN-CLOUD-ATMOSPHERELAND INTERACTIONS IN THE SOUTHEASTERN PACIFIC. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. Version: 1 95 (3) 357-375, issn: 0003-0007, ids: AG1TE, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00246.1
  • Feingold, G and I Koren (2013), A model of coupled oscillators applied to the aerosol-cloud-precipitation system. Nonlinear Process Geophys. Version: 1 20 (6) 1011-1021, issn: 1023-5809, ids: 280PN, doi: 10.5194/npg-20-1011-2013
  • Koren, I, O Altaratz, LA Remer, G Feingold, JV Martins and R Heiblum (2013), Water vapour affects both rain and aerosol optical depth Reply. Nature Geosci. Version: 1 6 (1) 5-5, issn: 1752-0894, ids: 058KQ, doi: 10.1038/ngeo1693
  • Petters, JL, H Jiang, G Feingold, DL Rossiter, D Khelif, LC Sloan and PY Chuang (2013), A comparative study of the response of modeled non-drizzling stratocumulus to meteorological and aerosol perturbations. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 13 (5) 2507-2529, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 117NP, doi: 10.5194/acp-13-2507-2013
  • Yamaguchi, T, WA Brewer and G Feingold (2013), Evaluation of Modeled Stratocumulus-Capped Boundary Layer Turbulence with Shipborne Data. J. Atmos. Sci. Version: 1 70 (12) 3895-3919, issn: 0022-4928, ids: 255GX, doi: 10.1175/JAS-D-13-050.1
  • Ervens, B and G Feingold (2013), Sensitivities of immersion freezing: Reconciling classical nucleation theory and deterministic expressions. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 40 (12) 3320-3324, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 185FJ, doi: 10.1002/grl.50580
  • Lee, SS and G Feingold (2013), Aerosol effects on the cloud-field properties of tropical convective clouds. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 13 (14) 6713-6726, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 191XL, doi: 10.5194/acp-13-6713-2013
  • Koren, I and G Feingold (2013), Adaptive behavior of marine cellular clouds. Sci Rep Version: 1 3 , Art. No. 2507, issn: 2045-2322, ids: 206QF, doi: 10.1038/srep02507, PubMed ID: 23978979
  • Fielding, MD, JC Chiu, RJ Hogan and G Feingold (2013), 3D cloud reconstructions: Evaluation of scanning radar scan strategy with a view to surface shortwave radiation closure. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 118 (16) 9153-9167, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 225AE, doi: 10.1002/jgrd.50614
  • Yamaguchi, T and G Feingold (2013), On the size distribution of cloud holes in stratocumulus and their relationship to cloud-top entrainment. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 40 (10) 2450-2454, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 277SS, doi: 10.1002/grl.50442
  • Sorooshian, A, Z Wang, G Feingold and TS LEcuyer (2013), A satellite perspective on cloud water to rain water conversion rates and relationships with environmental conditions. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 118 (12) 6643-6650, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 187OY, doi: 10.1002/jgrd.50523
  • Feingold, G, A McComiskey, D Rosenfeld and A Sorooshian (2013), On the relationship between cloud contact time and precipitation susceptibility to aerosol. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 118 (18) 10544-10554, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 239LJ, doi: 10.1002/jgrd.50819
  • Yamaguchi, T and G Feingold (2012), Technical note: Large-eddy simulation of cloudy boundary layer with the Advanced Research WRF model. J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst. Version: 1 4 , Art. No. M09003, issn: 1942-2466, ids: 011BR, doi: 10.1029/2012MS000164
  • Morrison, H, G de Boer, G Feingold, J Harrington, MD Shupe and K Sulia (2012), Resilience of persistent Arctic mixed-phase clouds. Nat. Geosci. Version: 1 5 (1) 11-17, issn: 1752-0894, ids: 866WT, doi: 10.1038/NGEO1332
  • Vogelmann, AM, GM McFarquhar, JA Ogren, DD Turner, JM Comstock, G Feingold, CN Long, HH Jonsson, A Bucholtz, DR Collins, GS Diskin, H Gerber, RP Lawson, RK Woods, E Andrews, HJ Yang, JC Chiu, D Hartsock, JM Hubbe, CM Lo, A Marshak, JW Monroe, SA McFarlane, B Schmid, JM Tomlinson and T Toto (2012), RACORO EXTENDED-TERM AIRCRAFT OBSERVATIONS OF BOUNDARY LAYER CLOUDS. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. Version: 1 93 (6) 861-878, issn: 0003-0007, ids: 964VI, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00189.1
  • Wonaschuetz, A, A Sorooshian, B Ervens, PY Chuang, G Feingold, SM Murphy, J de Gouw, C Warneke and HH Jonsson (2012), Aerosol and gas re-distribution by shallow cumulus clouds: An investigation using airborne measurements. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 117 , Art. No. D17202, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 029ZR, doi: 10.1029/2012JD018089
  • Lee, SS, G Feingold and PY Chuang (2012), Effect of Aerosol on Cloud-Environment Interactions in Trade Cumulus. J. Atmos. Sci. Version: 1 69 (12) 3607-3632, issn: 0022-4928, ids: 055PZ, doi: 10.1175/JAS-D-12-026.1
  • Ervens, B and G Feingold (2012), On the representation of immersion and condensation freezing in cloud models using different nucleation schemes. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 12 (13) 5807-5826, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 973NI, doi: 10.5194/acp-12-5807-2012
  • McComiskey, A and G Feingold (2012), The scale problem in quantifying aerosol indirect effects. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 12 (2) 1031-1049, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 892YL, doi: 10.5194/acp-12-1031-2012
  • Ervens, B, G Feingold, K Sulia and J Harrington (2011), The impact of microphysical parameters, ice nucleation mode, and habit growth on the ice/liquid partitioning in mixed-phase Arctic clouds. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 116 , Art. No. D17205, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 823OF, doi: 10.1029/2011JD015729
  • Kazil, J, H Wang, G Feingold, AD Clarke, JR Snider and AR Bandy (2011), Modeling chemical and aerosol processes in the transition from closed to open cells during VOCALS-REx. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 11 (15) 7491-7514, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 806RA, doi: 10.5194/acp-11-7491-2011
  • Jiang, HL, G Feingold and A Sorooshian (2010), Effect of Aerosol on the Susceptibility and Efficiency of Precipitation in Warm Trade Cumulus Clouds. J. Atmos. Sci. Version: 1 67 (11) 3525-3540, issn: 0022-4928, ids: 686ZI, doi: 10.1175/2010JAS3484.1
  • Feingold, G, I Koren, HL Wang, HW Xue and WA Brewer (2010), Precipitation-generated oscillations in open cellular cloud fields. Nature Version: 1 466 (7308) 849-852, issn: 0028-0836, ids: 636TT, doi: 10.1038/nature09314, PubMed ID: 20703303
  • Ervens, B, MJ Cubison, E Andrews, G Feingold, JA Ogren, JL Jimenez, PK Quinn, TS Bates, J Wang, Q Zhang, H Coe, M Flynn and JD Allan (2010), CCN predictions using simplified assumptions of organic aerosol composition and mixing state: a synthesis from six different locations. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 10 (10) 4795-4807, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 603CE, doi: 10.5194/acp-10-4795-2010
  • Koren, I, G Feingold and LA Remer (2010), The invigoration of deep convective clouds over the Atlantic: aerosol effect, meteorology or retrieval artifact?. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 10 (18) 8855-8872, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 657RC, doi: 10.5194/acp-10-8855-2010
  • Sorooshian, A, G Feingold, MD Lebsock, HL Jiang and GL Stephens (2010), Deconstructing the precipitation susceptibility construct: Improving methodology for aerosol-cloud precipitation studies. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 115 , Art. No. D17201, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 646WD, doi: 10.1029/2009JD013426
  • Wang, H, G Feingold, R Wood and J Kazil (2010), Modelling microphysical and meteorological controls on precipitation and cloud cellular structures in Southeast Pacific stratocumulus. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 10 (13) 6347-6362, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 624VY, doi: 10.5194/acp-10-6347-2010
  • Lee, SS and G Feingold (2010), Precipitating cloud-system response to aerosol perturbations. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 37 , Art. No. L23806, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 696SN, doi: 10.1029/2010GL045596
  • Sorooshian, A, LT Padro, A Nenes, G Feingold, A McComiskey, SP Hersey, H Gates, HH Jonsson, SD Miller, GL Stephens, RC Flagan and JH Seinfeld (2009), On the link between ocean biota emissions, aerosol, and maritime clouds: Airborne, ground, and satellite measurements off the coast of California. Glob. Biogeochem. Cycle Version: 1 23 , Art. No. GB4007, issn: 0886-6236, ids: 508OR, doi: 10.1029/2009GB003464
  • Wang, HL and G Feingold (2009), Modeling Mesoscale Cellular Structures and Drizzle in Marine Stratocumulus. Part I: Impact of Drizzle on the Formation and Evolution of Open Cells. J. Atmos. Sci. Version: 1 66 (11) 3237-3256, issn: 0022-4928, ids: 518KG, doi: 10.1175/2009JAS3022.1
  • Koren, I, O Altaratz, G Feingold, Z Levin and T Reisin (2009), Clouds Center of Gravity - a compact approach to analyze convective cloud development. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 9 (1) 155-161, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 395DO, doi: 10.5194/acp-9-155-2009
  • Parrish, DD, DT Allen, TS Bates, M Estes, FC Fehsenfeld, G Feingold, R Ferrare, RM Hardesty, JF Meagher, JW Nielsen-Gammon, RB Pierce, TB Ryerson, JH Seinfeld and EJ Williams (2009), Overview of the Second Texas Air Quality Study (TexAQS II) and the Gulf of Mexico Atmospheric Composition and Climate Study (GoMACCS). J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 114 , Art. No. D00F13, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 469XW, doi: 10.1029/2009JD011842
  • Koren, I, G Feingold, HL Jiang and O Altaratz (2009), Aerosol effects on the inter-cloud region of a small cumulus cloud field. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 36 , Art. No. L14805, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 471XL, doi: 10.1029/2009GL037424
  • Lance, S, A Nenes, C Mazzoleni, MK Dubey, H Gates, V Varutbangkul, TA Rissman, SM Murphy, A Sorooshian, RC Flagan, JH Seinfeld, G Feingold and HH Jonsson (2009), Cloud condensation nuclei activity, closure, and droplet growth kinetics of Houston aerosol during the Gulf of Mexico Atmospheric Composition and Climate Study (GoMACCS). J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 114 , Art. No. D00F15, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 479AT, doi: 10.1029/2008JD011699
  • Small, JD, PY Chuang, G Feingold and HL Jiang (2009), Can aerosol decrease cloud lifetime?. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 36 , Art. No. L16806, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 488KM, doi: 10.1029/2009GL038888
  • Stevens, B and G Feingold (2009), Untangling aerosol effects on clouds and precipitation in a buffered system. Nature Version: 1 461 (7264) 607-613, issn: 0028-0836, ids: 500LH, doi: 10.1038/nature08281, PubMed ID: 19794487
  • McComiskey, A, G Feingold, AS Frisch, DD Turner, MA Miller, JC Chiu, QL Min and JA Ogren (2009), An assessment of aerosol-cloud interactions in marine stratus clouds based on surface remote sensing. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 114 , Art. No. D09203, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 443SB, doi: 10.1029/2008JD011006
  • Schmidt, KS, G Feingold, P Pilewskie, H Jiang, O Coddington and M Wendisch (2009), Irradiance in polluted cumulus fields: Measured and modeled cloud-aerosol effects. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 36 , Art. No. L07804, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 428PH, doi: 10.1029/2008GL036848
  • Lu, ML, A Sorooshian, HH Jonsson, G Feingold, RC Flagan and JH Seinfeld (2009), Marine stratocumulus aerosol-cloud relationships in the MASE-II experiment: Precipitation susceptibility in eastern Pacific marine stratocumulus. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 114 , Art. No. D24203, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 536LL, doi: 10.1029/2009JD012774
  • Sorooshian, A, G Feingold, MD Lebsock, HL Jiang and GL Stephens (2009), On the precipitation susceptibility of clouds to aerosol perturbations. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 36 , Art. No. L13803, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 466DD, doi: 10.1029/2009GL038993
  • Wang, HL and G Feingold (2009), Modeling Mesoscale Cellular Structures and Drizzle in Marine Stratocumulus. Part II: The Microphysics and Dynamics of the Boundary Region between Open and Closed Cells. J. Atmos. Sci. Version: 1 66 (11) 3257-3275, issn: 0022-4928, ids: 518KG, doi: 10.1175/2009JAS3120.1
  • Quaas, J, Y Ming, S Menon, T Takemura, M Wang, JE Penner, A Gettelman, U Lohmann, N Bellouin, O Boucher, AM Sayer, GE Thomas, A McComiskey, G Feingold, C Hoose, JE Kristjansson, X Liu, Y Balkanski, LJ Donner, PA Ginoux, P Stier, B Grandey, J Feichter, I Sednev, SE Bauer, D Koch, RG Grainger, A Kirkevag, T Iversen, O Seland, R Easter, SJ Ghan, PJ Rasch, H Morrison, JF Lamarque, MJ Iacono, S Kinne and M Schulz (2009), Aerosol indirect effects - general circulation model intercomparison and evaluation with satellite data. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 9 (22) 8697-8717, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 525QX, doi: 10.5194/acp-9-8697-2009
  • Jiang, HL, G Feingold and I Koren (2009), Effect of aerosol on trade cumulus cloud morphology. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 114 , Art. No. D11209, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 458FZ, doi: 10.1029/2009JD011750
  • Brioude, J, OR Cooper, G Feingold, M Trainer, SR Freitas, D Kowal, JK Ayers, E Prins, P Minnis, SA McKeen, GJ Frost and EY Hsie (2009), Effect of biomass burning on marine stratocumulus clouds off the California coast. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 9 (22) 8841-8856, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 525QX, doi: 10.5194/acp-9-8841-2009
  • Hill, AA, G Feingold and HL Jiang (2009), The Influence of Entrainment and Mixing Assumption on Aerosol-Cloud Interactions in Marine Stratocumulus. J. Atmos. Sci. Version: 1 66 (5) 1450-1464, issn: 0022-4928, ids: 452KI, doi: 10.1175/2008JAS2909.1
  • Wang, HL, WC Skamarock and G Feingold (2009), Evaluation of Scalar Advection Schemes in the Advanced Research WRF Model Using Large-Eddy Simulations of Aerosol-Cloud Interactions. Mon. Weather Rev. Version: 1 137 (8) 2547-2558, issn: 0027-0644, ids: 488KN, doi: 10.1175/2009MWR2820.1
  • Ervens, B, AG Carlton, BJ Turpin, KE Altieri, SM Kreidenweis and G Feingold (2008), Secondary organic aerosol yields from cloud-processing of isoprene oxidation products. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 35 (2) , Art. No. L02816, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 257UL, doi: 10.1029/2007GL031828
  • Zuidema, P, HW Xue and G Feingold (2008), Shortwave radiative impacts from aerosol effects on marine shallow cumuli. J. Atmos. Sci. Version: 1 65 (6) 1979-1990, issn: 0022-4928, ids: 310OX, doi: 10.1175/2007JAS2447.1
  • Lu, ML, G Feingold, HH Jonsson, PY Chuang, H Gates, RC Flagan and JH Seinfeld (2008), Aerosol-cloud relationships in continental shallow cumulus. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 113 (D15) , Art. No. D15201, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 336BH, doi: 10.1029/2007JD009354
  • Cubison, MJ, B Ervens, G Feingold, KS Docherty, IM Ulbrich, L Shields, K Prather, S Hering and JL Jimenez (2008), The influence of chemical composition and mixing state of Los Angeles urban aerosol on CCN number and cloud properties. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 8 (18) 5649-5667, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 354NY, doi: 10.5194/acp-8-5649-2008
  • McComiskey, A and G Feingold (2008), Quantifying error in the radiative forcing of the first aerosol indirect effect. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 35 (2) , Art. No. L02810, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 256TD, doi: 10.1029/2007GL032667
  • Jiang, H, G Feingold, HH Jonsson, ML Lu, PY Chuang, RC Flagan and JH Seinfeld (2008), Statistical comparison of properties of simulated and observed cumulus clouds in the vicinity of Houston during the Gulf of Mexico Atmospheric Composition and Climate Study (GoMACCS). J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 113 (D13) , Art. No. D13205, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 323FU, doi: 10.1029/2007JD009304
  • Xue, HW, G Feingold and B Stevens (2008), Aerosol effects on clouds, precipitation, and the organization of shallow cumulus convection. J. Atmos. Sci. Version: 1 65 (2) 392-406, issn: 0022-4928, ids: 266BP, doi: 10.1175/2007JAS2428.1
  • Koren, I, L Oreopoulos, G Feingold, LA Remer and O Altaratz (2008), How small is a small cloud?. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 8 (14) 3855-3864, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 333IP
  • Altaratz, O, I Koren, T Reisin, A Kostinski, G Feingold, Z Levin and Y Yin (2008), Aerosols influence on the interplay between condensation, evaporation and rain in warm cumulus cloud. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 8 (1) 15-24, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 273CM, doi: 10.5194/acp-8-15-2008
  • Sorooshian, A, ML Lu, FJ Brechtel, H Jonsson, G Feingold, RC Flagan and JH Seinfeld (2007), On the source of organic acid aerosol layers above clouds. Environ. Sci. Technol. Version: 1 41 (13) 4647-4654, issn: 0013-936X, ids: 186MJ, doi: 10.1021/es0630442, PubMed ID: 17695910
  • Ervens, B, M Cubison, E Andrews, G Feingold, JA Ogren, JL Jimenez, P DeCarlo and A Nenes (2007), Prediction of cloud condensation nucleus number concentration using measurements of aerosol size distributions and composition and light scattering enhancement due to humidity. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 112 (D10) , Art. No. D10S32, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 147QP, doi: 10.1029/2006JD007426
  • Sorooshian, A, NL Ng, AWH Chan, G Feingold, RC Flagan and JH Seinfeld (2007), Particulate organic acids and overall water-soluble aerosol composition measurements from the 2006 Gulf of Mexico Atmospheric Composition and Climate Study (GoMACCS). J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 112 (D13) , Art. No. D13201, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 187WY, doi: 10.1029/2007JD008537
  • Feingold, G, R Furrer, P Pilewskie, LA Remer, QL Min and H Jonsson (2006), Aerosol indirect effect studies at Southern Great Plains during the May 2003 Intensive Operations Period. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 111 (D5) , Art. No. D05S14, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 010BH, doi: 10.1029/2004JD005648
  • Lee, YS, DR Collins, RJ Li, KP Bowman and G Feingold (2006), Expected impact of an aged biomass burning aerosol on cloud condensation nuclei and cloud droplet concentrations. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 111 (D22) , Art. No. D22204, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 107MQ, doi: 10.1029/2005JD006464
  • Kim, CH, SM Kreidenweis, G Feingold, KG Anlauf and WR Leaitch (2006), Measurement and interpretation of cloud effects on the concentrations of hydrogen peroxide and organoperoxides over Ontario, Canada. Atmos. Res. Version: 1 81 (2) 140-149, issn: 0169-8095, ids: 068IB, doi: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2005.11.009
  • Jiang, HL, HW Xue, A Teller, G Feingold and Z Levin (2006), Aerosol effects on the lifetime of shallow cumulus. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 33 (14) , Art. No. L14806, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 071DD, doi: 10.1029/2006GL026024
  • Jiang, HL and G Feingold (2006), Effect of aerosol on warm convective clouds: Aerosol-cloud-surface flux feedbacks in a new coupled large eddy model. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 111 (D1) , Art. No. D01202, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 001CD, doi: 10.1029/2005JD006138
  • Pahlow, M, D Muller, M Tesche, H Eichler, G Feingold, WL Eberhard and YF Cheng (2006), Retrieval of aerosol properties from combined multiwavelength lidar and sunphotometer measurements. Appl. Optics Version: 1 45 (28) 7429-7442, issn: 1559-128X, ids: 089MZ, doi: 10.1364/AO.45.007429, PubMed ID: 16983432
  • Xue, HW and G Feingold (2006), Large-eddy simulations of trade wind cumuli: Investigation of aerosol indirect effects. J. Atmos. Sci. Version: 1 63 (6) 1605-1622, issn: 0022-4928, ids: 052HS, doi: 10.1175/JAS3706.1
  • Sorooshian, A, V Varutbangkul, FJ Brechtel, B Ervens, G Feingold, R Bahreini, SM Murphy, JS Holloway, EL Atlas, G Buzorius, H Jonsson, RC Flagan and JH Seinfeld (2006), Oxalic acid in clear and cloudy atmospheres: Analysis of data from International Consortium for Atmospheric Research on Transport and Transformation 2004. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 111 (D23) , Art. No. D23S45, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 078KE, doi: 10.1029/2005JD006880
  • Koehler, KA, SM Kreidenweis, PJ DeMott, AJ Prenni, CM Carrico, B Ervens and G Feingold (2006), Water activity and activation diameters from hygroscopicity data - Part II: Application to organic species. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Version: 1 6 795-809, issn: 1680-7316, ids: 020IN
  • Pahlow, M, G Feingold, A Jefferson, E Andrews, JA Ogren, J Wang, YN Lee, RA Ferrare and DD Turner (2006), Comparison between lidar and nephelometer measurements of aerosol hygroscopicity at the Southern Great Plains Atmospheric Radiation Measurement site. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 111 (D5) , Art. No. D05S15, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 008GC, doi: 10.1029/2004JD005646
  • Ervens, B, G Feingold and SM Kreidenweis (2005), Influence of water-soluble organic carbon on cloud drop number concentration. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 110 (D18) , Art. No. D18211, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 971PP, doi: 10.1029/2004JD005634
  • Feingold, G, HL Jiang and JY Harrington (2005), On smoke suppression of clouds in Amazonia. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 32 (2) , Art. No. L02804, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 891JV, doi: 10.1029/2004GL021369
  • Ervens, B, G Feingold, GJ Frost and SM Kreidenweis (2004), A modeling study of aqueous production of dicarboxylic acids: 1. Chemical pathways and speciated organic mass production. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 109 (D15) , Art. No. D15205, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 846UU, doi: 10.1029/2003JD004387
  • Ervens, B, G Feingold, SL Clegg and SM Kreidenweis (2004), A modeling study of aqueous production of dicarboxylic acids: 2. Implications for cloud microphysics. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 109 (D15) , Art. No. D15206, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 846UU, doi: 10.1029/2004JD004575
  • Xue, HW and G Feingold (2004), A modeling study of the effect of nitric acid on cloud properties. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 109 (D18) , Art. No. D18204, issn: 0148-0227, ids: 857OG, doi: 10.1029/2004JD004750
  • Feingold, G, WL Eberhard, DE Veron and M Previdi (2003), First measurements of the Twomey indirect effect using ground-based remote sensors. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 30 (6) , Art. No. 1287, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 667FD, doi: 10.1029/2002GL016633
  • Wang, SP, Q Wang and G Feingold (2003), Turbulence, condensation, and liquid water transport in numerically simulated nonprecipitating stratocumulus clouds. J. Atmos. Sci. Version: 1 60 (2) 262-278, issn: 0022-4928, ids: 634NV
  • Lohnert, U, G Feingold, T Uttal, AS Frisch and MD Shupe (2003), Analysis of two independent methods for retrieving liquid water profiles in spring and summer Arctic boundary clouds. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 108 (D7) , Art. No. 4219, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 669KE, doi: 10.1029/2002JD002861
  • Ervens, B, P Herckes, G Feingold, T Lee, JL Collett and SM Kreidenweis (2003), On the drop-size dependence of organic acid and formaldehyde concentrations in fog. J. Atmos. Chem. Version: 1 46 (3) 239-269, issn: 0167-7764, ids: 737VY, doi: 10.1023/A:1026393805907
  • Kreidenweis, SM, CJ Walcek, G Feingold, WM Gong, MZ Jacobson, CH Kim, XH Liu, JE Penner, A Nenes and JH Seinfeld (2003), Modification of aerosol mass and size distribution due to aqueous-phase SO2 oxidation in clouds: Comparisons of several models. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 108 (D7) , Art. No. 4213, issn: 0148-0227, ids: 669JW, doi: 10.1029/2002JD002697
  • Feingold, G (2003), Modeling of the first indirect effect: Analysis of measurement requirements. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 30 (19) , Art. No. 1997, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 732DP, doi: 10.1029/2003GL017967
  • Rosenfeld, D and G Feingold (2003), Explanation of discrepancies among satellite observations of the aerosol indirect effects. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 30 (14) , Art. No. 1776, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 710WN, doi: 10.1029/2003GL017684
  • Feingold, G and B Morley (2003), Aerosol hygroscopic properties as measured by lidar and comparison with in situ measurements. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 108 (D11) , Art. No. 4327, issn: 0148-0227, ids: 690NH, doi: 10.1029/2002JD002842
  • Feingold, G and PY Chuang (2002), Analysis of the influence of film-forming compounds on droplet growth: Implications for cloud microphysical processes and climate. J. Atmos. Sci. Version: 1 59 (12) 2006-2018, issn: 0022-4928, ids: 550YY
  • Kim, CH, SM Kreidenweis, G Feingold, GJ Frost and MK Trainer (2002), Modeling cloud effects on hydrogen peroxide and methylhydroperoxide in the marine atmosphere. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 107 (D1-D2) , Art. No. 4018, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 609EC, doi: 10.1029/2000JD000285
  • Jiang, HL, G Feingold and WR Cotton (2002), Simulations of aerosol-cloud-dynamical feedbacks resulting from entrainment of aerosol into the marine boundary layer during the Atlantic Stratocumulus Transition Experiment. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 107 (D24) , Art. No. 4813, issn: 0747-7309, ids: 650KF, doi: 10.1029/2001JD001502
  • Feingold, G and SM Kreidenweis (2002), Cloud processing of aerosol as modeled by a large eddy simulation with coupled microphysics and aqueous chemistry. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 107 (D23) , Art. No. 4687, issn: 0747-7309, ids: 646VL, doi: 10.1029/2002JD002054
  • Feingold, G, GJ Frost and AR Ravishankara (2002), Role of NO3 in sulfate production in the wintertime northern latitudes. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 107 (D22) , Art. No. 4640, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 643NN, doi: 10.1029/2002JD002288
  • Harrington, JY, G Feingold and WR Cotton (2000), Radiative impacts on the growth of a population of drops within simulated summertime Arctic stratus. J. Atmos. Sci. Version: 1 57 (5) 766-785, issn: 0022-4928, ids: 301MT, doi: 10.1175/1520-0469(2000)057<0766:RIOTGO>2.0.CO;2
  • Wulfmeyer, V and G Feingold (2000), On the relationship between relative humidity and particle backscattering coefficient in the marine boundary layer determined with differential absorption lidar. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 105 (D4) 4729-4741, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 287NU, doi: 10.1029/1999JD901030
  • Feingold, G, AS Frisch, B Stevens and WR Cotton (1999), On the relationship among cloud turbulence, droplet formation and drizzle as viewed by Doppler radar, microwave radiometer and lidar. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 104 (D18) 22195-22203, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 239UZ, doi: 10.1029/1999JD900482
  • Zhang, YP, SM Kreidenweis and G Feingold (1999), Stratocumulus processing of gases and cloud condensation nuclei 2. Chemistry sensitivity analysis. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 104 (D13) 16061-16080, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 218CE, doi: 10.1029/1999JD900206
  • Stevens, B, WR Cotton, G Feingold and CH Moeng (1998), Large-eddy simulations of strongly precipitating, shallow, stratocumulus-topped boundary layers. J. Atmos. Sci. Version: 1 55 (24) 3616-3638, issn: 0022-4928, ids: 150XD, doi: 10.1175/1520-0469(1998)055<3616:LESOSP>2.0.CO;2
  • Feingold, G, RL Walko, B Stevens and WR Cotton (1998), Simulations of marine stratocumulus using a new microphysical parameterization scheme. Atmos. Res. Version: 1 12th International Conference on Clouds and Precipitation 48 505-528, ZURICH, SWITZERLAND, AUG 19-23, 1996, issn: 0169-8095, ids: ZY528, doi: 10.1016/S0169-8095(98)00058-1
  • Feingold, G, SM Kreidenweis and YP Zhang (1998), Stratocumulus processing of gases and cloud condensation nuclei - 1. Trajectory ensemble model. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 103 (D16) 19527-19542, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 114ED, doi: 10.1029/98JD01750
  • Frisch, AS, G Feingold, CW Fairall, T Uttal and JB Snider (1998), On cloud radar and microwave radiometer measurements of stratus cloud liquid water profiles. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 103 (D18) 23195-23197, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 126PT, doi: 10.1029/98JD01827
  • Feingold, G, S Yang, RM Hardesty and WR Cotton (1998), Feasibility of retrieving cloud condensation nucleus properties from Doppler cloud radar, microwave radiometer, and lidar. J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. Version: 1 15 (5) 1188-1195, issn: 0739-0572, ids: 120NH, doi: 10.1175/1520-0426(1998)015<1188:FORCCN>2.0.CO;2
  • Olsson, PQ, JY Harrington, G Feingold, WR Cotton and SM Kreidenweis (1998), Exploratory cloud-resolving simulations of boundary-layer arctic stratus clouds Part I: Warm-season clouds. Atmos. Res. Version: 1 12th International Conference on Clouds and Precipitation 48 573-597, ZURICH, SWITZERLAND, AUG 19-23, 1996, issn: 0169-8095, ids: ZY528
  • Feingold, G, R Boers, B Stevens and WR Cotton (1997), A modeling study of the effect of drizzle on cloud optical depth and susceptibility. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 102 (D12) 13527-13534, issn: 2169-897X, ids: XH196, doi: 10.1029/97JD00963
  • Feingold, G, SM Kreidenweis, B Stevens and WR Cotton (1996), Numerical simulations of stratocumulus processing of cloud condensation nuclei through collision-coalescence. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 101 (D16) 21391-21402, issn: 2169-897X, ids: VK041, doi: 10.1029/96JD01552
  • FEINGOLD, G (1993), PARAMETERIZATION OF THE EVAPORATION OF RAINFALL FOR USE IN GENERAL-CIRCULATION MODELS. J. Atmos. Sci. Version: 1 50 (20) 3454-3467, issn: 0022-4928, ids: MC643, doi: 10.1175/1520-0469(1993)050<3454:POTEOR>2.0.CO;2
  • SEGAL, M and G FEINGOLD (1993), IMPACT OF LOCAL CONVECTIVE CLOUD SYSTEMS ON SUMMER DAYTIME SHELTER TEMPERATURE. J. Appl. Meteorol. Version: 1 32 (9) 1569-1578, issn: 0894-8763, ids: LV181, doi: 10.1175/1520-0450(1993)032<1569:IOLCCS>2.0.CO;2