Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences at the University of Colorado Boulder

Mark Serreze

Research Interests

I am an Arctic climate scientist and Director of the CIRES National Snow and Ice Data Center. Over the past two decades, my research has focused on making sense of the profound changes unfolding in the North—shrinking sea ice, rapidly rising temperatures—thawing permafrost—and what they mean not just for the Arctic’s future but for the rest of the planet. I am also very active in science outreach and education. Today, more than ever, it is important that scientists reach out and make science more accessible and relevant to society.

Current Research

Much of my current research focuses on leading the Arctic Rain on Snow Study (AROSS), a project within the National Science Foundation’s Navigating the New Arctic (NNA) initiative seeking to better understand the distribution, severity, and changes in the frequency of rain on snow and melt-refreeze events in the Arctic and their impacts. 

There is increasing recognition that rain on snow events are having significant and sometimes even catastrophic impacts on the physical and living environments of the North (see figure). These events are generally associated with short-lived warm spells in autumn and winter, linked to extratropical cyclones that generate rain, followed by a rapid drop in temperature. The rainwater may freeze on the surface or percolate through the snowpack and pool at the ground surface, depending upon the thickness and density of the snowpack and the intensity of the precipitation event. After refreezing, ice crusts can variously form on the snow surface, as layers within the snow, or at the base of the snowpack.

Rain on snow events can foster avalanches, influence snow structure, warm underlying permafrost and increase the depth of the permafrost active layer. Impacts have been documented on vegetation and soil organisms. Rain on snow events influence population dynamics of lemmings, voles and bird species that seek shelter in the snowpack, including owls, ptarmigan and grouse. Icing may lead to a fading of lemming cycles, causing crashes of Arctic predators such as snowy owls and Arctic fox, which depend on them. In marine environments, polar bears and ringed seals are also impacted – rains early in the breeding season can melt subnivean lairs and increase cub mortality. Perhaps the most devastating impact of ROS events, however, and a major focus of the AROSS effort, is that ice layers, in creating barriers that prohibit foraging, can lead to massive die-offs of large herbivores, with concomitant social-economic impacts, especially in regions where humans depend on either wild or semi-domesticated populations of Rangifer species (caribou and reindeer) for food, transportation and other needs.



Characteristics of Arctic rain on snow event and their impacts. Image: Julia Gustafson

View Publications

  • Schreiber, EAP; Serreze, MC (2020), Impacts of synoptic-scale cyclones on Arctic sea-ice concentration: a systematic analysis. Version: 1 ANNALS OF GLACIOLOGY 61 (82) 139-153, Art. No. PII S0260305520000233, issn: 0260-3055, doi: 10.1017/aog.2020.23
  • Crawford, AD; Alley, KE; Cooke, AM; Serreze, MC (2020), Synoptic Climatology of Rain-on-Snow Events in Alaska. Version: 1 MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW 148 (3) 1275-1295, issn: 0027-0644, doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-19-0311.1
  • Barrett, AP; Stroeve, JC; Serreze, MC (2020), Arctic Ocean Precipitation From Atmospheric Reanalyses and Comparisons With North Pole Drifting Station Records. Version: 1 JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS 125 (1) , Art. No. e2019JC015415, issn: 2169-9275, doi: 10.1029/2019JC015415
  • Serreze, M.C., A.P. Barrett, A. Crawford, R. Woodgate (2019), Monthly Variability in Bering Strait Oceanic Volume and Heat Transports, Links to Atmospheric Circulation, Ocean Temperature and Sea Ice Conditions. Version: 1, doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JC015422
  • Serreze, MC; Meier, WN (2019), The Arctics sea ice cover: trends, variability, predictability, and comparisons to the Antarctic. Version: 1 ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES 1436 (1) 36-53, issn: 0077-8923, doi: 10.1111/nyas.13856, PubMed ID: 29806697
  • Crawford, AD, S Horvath, J Stroeve, R Balaji and MC Serreze (2018), Modulation of Sea Ice Melt Onset and Retreat in the Laptev Sea by the Timing of Snow Retreat in the West Siberian Plain. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 123 (16) 8691-8707, issn: 2169-897X, ids: GU5NB, doi: 10.1029/2018JD028697
  • Bromwich, DH, AB Wilson, L Bai, Z Liu, M Barlage, CF Shih, S Maldonado, KM Hines, SH Wang, J Woollen, B Kuo, HC Lin, TK Wee, MC Serreze and JE Walsh (2018), THE ARCTIC SYSTEM REANALYSIS, VERSION 2. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. Version: 1 99 (4) 805-828, issn: 0003-0007, ids: GF7TK, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0215.1
  • Crawford, AD and MC Serreze (2017), Projected Changes in the Arctic Frontal Zone and Summer Arctic Cyclone Activity in the CESM Large Ensemble. J. Clim. Version: 1 30 (24) 9847-9869, issn: 0894-8755, ids: FT9ST, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0296.1
  • Serreze, MC, B Raup, C Braun, DR Hardy and RS Bradley (2017), Rapid wastage of the Hazen Plateau ice caps, northeastern Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Canada. Cryosphere Version: 1 11 (1) 169-177, issn: 1994-0416, ids: EM2XP, doi: 10.5194/tc-11-169-2017
  • Serreze, MC, AD Crawford, JC Stroeve, AP Barrett and RA Woodgate (2016), Variability, trends, and predictability of seasonal sea ice retreat and advance in the Chukchi Sea. J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans Version: 1 121 (10) 7308-7325, issn: 2169-9275, ids: ED1JS, doi: 10.1002/2016JC011977
  • Serreze, MC, J Stroeve, AP Barrett and LN Boisvert (2016), Summer atmospheric circulation anomalies over the Arctic Ocean and their influences on September sea ice extent: A cautionary tale. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 121 (19) 11463-11485, issn: 2169-897X, ids: EA9PK, doi: 10.1002/2016JD025161
  • Lynch, AH, MC Serreze, EN Cassano, AD Crawford and J Stroeve (2016), Linkages between Arctic summer circulation regimes and regional sea ice anomalies. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 121 (13) 7868-7880, issn: 2169-897X, ids: DS4DB, doi: 10.1002/2016JD025164
  • Crawford, AD and MC Serreze (2016), Does the Summer Arctic Frontal Zone Influence Arctic Ocean Cyclone Activity?. J. Clim. Version: 1 29 (13) 4977-4993, issn: 0894-8755, ids: DQ4YO, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0755.1
  • Serreze, MC, AD Crawford and AP Barrett (2015), Extreme daily precipitation events at Spitsbergen, an Arctic Island. Int. J. Climatol. Version: 1 35 (15) 4574-4588, issn: 0899-8418, ids: DA3XE, doi: 10.1002/joc.4308
  • Serreze, MC and J Stroeve (2015), Arctic sea ice trends, variability and implications for seasonal ice forecasting. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. A-Math. Phys. Eng. Sci. Version: 1 373 (2045) , Art. No. 20140159, issn: 1364-503X, ids: CM0BM, doi: 10.1098/rsta.2014.0159, PubMed ID: 26032315
  • Crawford, A and M Serreze (2015), A New Look at the Summer Arctic Frontal Zone. J. Clim. Version: 1 28 (2) 737-754, issn: 0894-8755, ids: AZ4WB, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00447.1
  • Stroeve, J, A Barrett, M Serreze and A Schweiger (2014), Using records from submarine, aircraft and satellites to evaluate climate model simulations of Arctic sea ice thickness. Cryosphere Version: 1 8 (5) 1839-1854, issn: 1994-0416, ids: AT1ZG, doi: 10.5194/tc-8-1839-2014
  • Jenouvrier, S, M Holland, J Stroeve, M Serreze, C Barbraud, H Weimerskirch and H Caswell (2014), Projected continent-wide declines of the emperor penguin under climate change. Nat. Clim. Chang. Version: 1 4 (8) 715-718, issn: 1758-678X, ids: AO7YF, doi: 10.1038/NCLIMATE2280
  • Jafarov, EE, DJ Nicolsky, VE Romanovsky, JE Walsh, SK Panda and MC Serreze (2014), The effect of snow: How to better model ground surface temperatures. Cold Reg. Sci. Tech. Version: 1 102 63-77, issn: 0165-232X, ids: AG2VF, doi: 10.1016/j.coldregions.2014.02.007
  • Cassano, EN, JJ Cassano, ME Higgins and MC Serreze (2014), Atmospheric impacts of an Arctic sea ice minimum as seen in the Community Atmosphere Model. Int. J. Climatol. Version: 1 34 (3) 766-779, issn: 0899-8418, ids: AB9EK, doi: 10.1002/joc.3723
  • Bourassa, MA, ST Gille, C Bitz, D Carlson, I Cerovecki, CA Clayson, MF Cronin, WM Drennan, CW Fairall, RN Hoffman, G Magnusdottir, RT Pinker, IA Renfrew, M Serreze, K Speer, LD Talley and GA Wick (2013), HIGH-LATITUDE OCEAN AND SEA ICE SURFACE FLUXES: CHALLENGES FOR CLIMATE RESEARCH. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. Version: 1 94 (3) 403-423, issn: 0003-0007, ids: 122OO, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00244.1
  • Overland, JE and MC Serreze (2012), Advances in Arctic Atmospheric Research. Version: 1 ARCTIC CLIMATE CHANGE: THE ACSYS DECADE AND BEYOND 43 11-26, Ed. Lemke, P; Jacobi, HW, issn: 1383-8601, ids: BAC10, isbn: 978-94-007-2026-8, doi: 10.1007/978-94-007-2027-5_2
  • Jenouvrier, S, M Holland, J Stroeve, C Barbraud, H Weimerskirch, M Serreze and H Caswell (2012), Effects of climate change on an emperor penguin population: analysis of coupled demographic and climate models. Glob. Change Biol. Version: 1 18 (9) 2756-2770, issn: 1354-1013, ids: 984WH, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02744.x, PubMed ID: 24501054
  • Stroeve, JC, V Kattsov, A Barrett, M Serreze, T Pavlova, M Holland and WN Meier (2012), Trends in Arctic sea ice extent from CMIP5, CMIP3 and observations. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 39 , Art. No. L16502, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 995JM, doi: 10.1029/2012GL052676
  • Porter, DF, JJ Cassano and MC Serreze (2012), Local and large-scale atmospheric responses to reduced Arctic sea ice and ocean warming in the WRF model. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 117 , Art. No. D11115, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 959WF, doi: 10.1029/2011JD016969
  • Serreze, MC, AP Barrett and J Stroeve (2012), Recent changes in tropospheric water vapor over the Arctic as assessed from radiosondes and atmospheric reanalyses. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 117 , Art. No. D10104, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 945GA, doi: 10.1029/2011JD017421
  • Stroeve, JC, MC Serreze, MM Holland, JE Kay, J Malanik and AP Barrett (2012), The Arctics rapidly shrinking sea ice cover: a research synthesis. Clim. Change Version: 1 110 (4-Mar) 1005-1027, issn: 0165-0009, ids: 879QM, doi: 10.1007/s10584-011-0101-1
  • Callaghan, TV, M Johansson, RD Brown, PY Groisman, N Labba, V Radionov, RS Bradley, S Blangy, ON Bulygina, TR Christensen, JE Colman, RLH Essery, BC Forbes, MC Forchhammer, VN Golubev, RE Honrath, GP Juday, AV Meshcherskaya, GK Phoenix, J Pomeroy, A Rautio, DA Robinson, NM Schmidt, MC Serreze, VP Shevchenko, AI Shiklomanov, AB Shmakin, P Skold, M Sturm, MK Woo and EF Wood (2011), Multiple Effects of Changes in Arctic Snow Cover. Ambio Version: 1 40 32-45, issn: 0044-7447, ids: 959BM, doi: 10.1007/s13280-011-0213-x
  • Porter, DF, JJ Cassano and MC Serreze (2011), Analysis of the Arctic atmospheric energy budget in WRF: A comparison with reanalyses and satellite observations. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 116 , Art. No. D22108, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 851KP, doi: 10.1029/2011JD016622
  • Stroeve, JC, MC Serreze, A Barrett and DN Kindig (2011), Attribution of recent changes in autumn cyclone associated precipitation in the Arctic. Tellus Ser. A-Dyn. Meteorol. Oceanol. Version: 1 63 (4) 653-663, issn: 0280-6495, ids: 793ZZ, doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0870.2011.00515.x
  • Serreze, MC and RG Barry (2011), Processes and impacts of Arctic amplification: A research synthesis. Glob. Planet. Change Version: 1 77 (2-Jan) 85-96, issn: 0921-8181, ids: 787ET, doi: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2011.03.004
  • Serreze, MC, AP Barrett and JJ Cassano (2011), Circulation and surface controls on the lower tropospheric air temperature field of the Arctic. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 116 , Art. No. D07104, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 751WG, doi: 10.1029/2010JD015127
  • Tedesco, M, X Fettweis, MR van den Broeke, RSW van de Wal, CJPP Smeets, WJ van de Berg, MC Serreze and JE Box (2011), The role of albedo and accumulation in the 2010 melting record in Greenland. Environ. Res. Lett. Version: 1 6 (1) , Art. No. 14005, issn: 1748-9326, ids: 746RE, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/6/1/014005
  • Stroeve, JC, J Maslanik, MC Serreze, I Rigor, W Meier and C Fowler (2011), Sea ice response to an extreme negative phase of the Arctic Oscillation during winter 2009/2010. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 38 , Art. No. L02502, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 713TR, doi: 10.1029/2010GL045662
  • Serreze, MC and AP Barrett (2011), Characteristics of the Beaufort Sea High. J. Clim. Version: 1 24 (1) 159-182, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 712II, doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3636.1
  • Kattsov, VM, VE Ryabinin, JE Overland, MC Serreze, M Visbeck, JE Walsh, W Meier and XD Zhang (2010), Arctic sea-ice change: a grand challenge of climate science. J. Glaciol. Version: 1 56 (200) 1115-1121, issn: 0022-1430, ids: 818KP, doi: 10.3189/002214311796406176
  • Rawlins, MA, M Steele, MM Holland, JC Adam, JE Cherry, JA Francis, PY Groisman, LD Hinzman, TG Huntington, DL Kane, JS Kimball, R Kwok, RB Lammers, CM Lee, DP Lettenmaier, KC McDonald, E Podest, JW Pundsack, B Rudels, MC Serreze, A Shiklomanov, O Skagseth, TJ Troy, CJ Vorosmarty, M Wensnahan, EF Wood, R Woodgate, DQ Yang, K Zhang and TJ Zhang (2010), Analysis of the Arctic System for Freshwater Cycle Intensification: Observations and Expectations. J. Clim. Version: 1 23 (21) 5715-5737, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 683HG, doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3421.1
  • Miller, GH, RB Alley, J Brigham-Grette, JJ Fitzpatrick, L Polyak, MC Serreze and JWC White (2010), Arctic amplification: can the past constrain the future?. Quat. Sci. Rev. Version: 1 29 (15-16) 1779-1790, issn: 0277-3791, ids: 623RB, doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.02.008
  • Polyak, L, RB Alley, JT Andrews, J Brigham-Grette, TM Cronin, DA Darby, AS Dyke, JJ Fitzpatrick, S Funder, M Holland, AE Jennings, GH Miller, M ORegan, J Savelle, M Serreze, K St John, JWC White and E Wolff (2010), History of sea ice in the Arctic. Quat. Sci. Rev. Version: 1 29 (15-16) 1757-1778, issn: 0277-3791, ids: 623RB, doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.02.010
  • Miller, GH, J Brigham-Grette, RB Alley, L Anderson, HA Bauch, MSV Douglas, ME Edwards, SA Elias, BP Finney, JJ Fitzpatrick, SV Funder, TD Herbert, LD Hinzman, DS Kaufman, GM MacDonald, L Polyak, A Robock, MC Serreze, JP Smol, R Spielhagen, JWC White, AP Wolfe and EW Wolff (2010), Temperature and precipitation history of the Arctic. Quat. Sci. Rev. Version: 1 29 (15-16) 1679-1715, issn: 0277-3791, ids: 623RB, doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.03.001
  • Porter, DF, JJ Cassano, MC Serreze and DN Kindig (2010), New estimates of the large-scale Arctic atmospheric energy budget. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 115 , Art. No. D08108, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 590UP, doi: 10.1029/2009JD012653
  • Holland, MM, MC Serreze and J Stroeve (2010), The sea ice mass budget of the Arctic and its future change as simulated by coupled climate models. Clim. Dyn. Version: 1 34 (3-Feb) 185-200, issn: 0930-7575, ids: 546JZ, doi: 10.1007/s00382-008-0493-4
  • Serreze, MC (2010), Understanding Recent Climate Change. Conserv. Biol. Version: 1 24 (1) 10-17, issn: 0888-8892, ids: 544VF, doi: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2009.01408.x, PubMed ID: 20121837
  • Serreze, MC, AP Barrett, JC Stroeve, DN Kindig and MM Holland (2009), The emergence of surface-based Arctic amplification. Cryosphere Version: 1 3 (1) 11-19, issn: 1994-0416, ids: 576QM, doi: 10.5194/tc-3-11-2009
  • Rawlins, MA, MC Serreze, R Schroeder, XD Zhang and KC McDonald (2009), Diagnosis of the record discharge of Arctic-draining Eurasian rivers in 2007. Environ. Res. Lett. Version: 1 4 (4) , Art. No. 45011, issn: 1748-9326, ids: 534ME, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/4/4/045011
  • Finnis, J, JJ Cassano, M Holland, MC Serreze and P Uotila (2009), Synoptically forced hydroclimatology of major Arctic watersheds in general circulation models; Part 2: Eurasian watersheds. Int. J. Climatol. Version: 1 29 (9) 1244-1261, issn: 0899-8418, ids: 471LT, doi: 10.1002/joc.1769
  • Finnis, J, J Cassano, M Holland, M Serreze and P Uotila (2009), Synoptically forced hydroclimatology of major Arctic watersheds in general circulation models; Part 1: the Mackenzie River Basin. Int. J. Climatol. Version: 1 29 (9) 1226-1243, issn: 0899-8418, ids: 471LT, doi: 10.1002/joc.1753
  • Rawlins, MA, M Steele, MC Serreze, CJ Vorosmarty, W Ermold, RB Lammers, KC McDonald, TM Pavelsky, A Shiklomanov and JL Zhang (2009), Tracing Freshwater Anomalies Through the Air-Land-Ocean System: A Case Study from the Mackenzie River Basin and the Beaufort Gyre. Atmos.-Ocean Version: 1 47 (1) 79-97, issn: 0705-5900, ids: 436GK, doi: 10.3137/OC301.2009
  • Durner, GM, DC Douglas, RM Nielson, SC Amstrup, TL McDonald, I Stirling, M Mauritzen, EW Born, O Wiig, E DeWeaver, MC Serreze, SE Belikov, MM Holland, J Maslanik, J Aars, DA Bailey and AE Derocher (2009), Predicting 21st-century polar bear habitat distribution from global climate models. Ecol. Monogr. Version: 1 79 (1) 25-58, issn: 0012-9615, ids: 410GX, doi: 10.1890/07-2089.1
  • Tedesco, M, M Serreze and X Fettweis (2008), Diagnosing the extreme surface melt event over southwestern Greenland in 2007. Cryosphere Version: 1 2 (2) 159-166, issn: 1994-0416, ids: V11AT, doi: 10.5194/tc-2-159-2008
  • Serreze, MC and AP Barrett (2008), The summer cyclone maximum over the central Arctic Ocean. J. Clim. Version: 1 21 (5) 1048-1065, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 278DK, doi: 10.1175/2007JCLI1810.1
  • Wyser, K, CG Jones, P Du, E Girard, U Willen, J Cassano, JH Christensen, JA Curry, K Dethloff, JE Haugen, D Jacob, M Koltzow, R Laprise, A Lynch, S Pfeifer, A Rinke, M Serreze, MJ Shaw, M Tjernstrom and M Zagar (2008), An evaluation of Arctic cloud and radiation processes during the SHEBA year: simulation results from eight Arctic regional climate models. Clim. Dyn. Version: 1 30 (3-Feb) 203-223, issn: 0930-7575, ids: 251VI, doi: 10.1007/s00382-007-0286-1
  • Holland, MM, J Finnis, AP Barrett and MC Serreze (2007), Projected changes in arctic ocean freshwater budgets. J. Geophys. Res.-Biogeosci. Version: 1 112 (G4) , Art. No. G04S55, issn: 2169-8953, ids: 225MQ, doi: 10.1029/2006JG000354
  • Slater, AG, TJ Bohn, JL McCreight, MC Serreze and DP Lettenmaier (2007), A multimodel simulation of pan-Arctic hydrology. J. Geophys. Res.-Biogeosci. Version: 1 112 (G4) , Art. No. G04S45, issn: 0148-0227, ids: 235VA, doi: 10.1029/2006JG000303
  • Finnis, J, MM Holland, MC Serreze and JJ Cassano (2007), Response of Northern Hemisphere extratropical cyclone activity and associated precipitation to climate change, as represented by the Community Climate System Model. J. Geophys. Res.-Biogeosci. Version: 1 112 (G4) , Art. No. G04S42, issn: 2169-8953, ids: 230CI, doi: 10.1029/2006JG000286
  • Stroeve, J, MM Holland, W Meier, T Scambos and M Serreze (2007), Arctic sea ice decline: Faster than forecast. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 34 (9) , Art. No. L09501, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 165LA, doi: 10.1029/2007GL029703
  • Serreze, MC, AP Barrett, AG Slater, M Steele, JL Zhang and KE Trenberth (2007), The large-scale energy budget of the Arctic. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 112 (D11) , Art. No. D11122, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 180MR, doi: 10.1029/2006JD008230
  • Tsukernik, M, DN Kindig and MC Serreze (2007), Characteristics of winter cyclone activity in the northern North Atlantic: Insights from observations and regional modeling. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 112 (D3) , Art. No. D03101, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 136DP, doi: 10.1029/2006JD007184
  • Serreze, MC, MM Holland and J Stroeve (2007), Perspectives on the Arctics shrinking sea-ice cover. Science Version: 1 315 (5818) 1533-1536, issn: 0036-8075, ids: 146LB, doi: 10.1126/science.1139426, PubMed ID: 17363664
  • Rinke, A, K Dethloff, JJ Cassano, JH Christensen, JA Curry, P Du, E Girard, JE Haugen, D Jacob, CG Jones, M Koltzow, R Laprise, AH Lynch, S Pfeifer, MC Serreze, MJ Shaw, M Tjernstrom, K Wyser and M Zagar (2006), Evaluation of an ensemble of Arctic regional climate models: spatiotemporal fields during the SHEBA year. Clim. Dyn. Version: 1 26 (5) 459-472, issn: 0930-7575, ids: 019VW, doi: 10.1007/s00382-005-0095-3
  • Holland, MM, J Finnis and MC Serreze (2006), Simulated Arctic Ocean freshwater budgets in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. J. Clim. Version: 1 19 (23) 6221-6242, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 118IB, doi: 10.1175/JCLI3967.1
  • Serreze, MC, AP Barrett, AG Slater, RA Woodgate, K Aagaard, RB Lammers, M Steele, R Moritz, M Meredith and CM Lee (2006), The large-scale freshwater cycle of the Arctic. J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans Version: 1 111 (C11) , Art. No. C11010, issn: 2169-9275, ids: 110HP, doi: 10.1029/2005JC003424
  • Serreze, MC and JA Francis (2006), The arctic amplification debate. Clim. Change Version: 1 76 (4-Mar) 241-264, issn: 0165-0009, ids: 065NJ, doi: 10.1007/s10584-005-9017-y
  • Stroeve, JC, MC Serreze, F Fetterer, T Arbetter, W Meier, J Maslanik and K Knowles (2005), Tracking the Arctics shrinking ice cover: Another extreme September minimum in 2004. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 32 (4) , Art. No. L04501, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 904VE, doi: 10.1029/2004GL021810
  • Frauenfeld, OW, TJ Zhang and MC Serreze (2005), Climate change and variability using European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts reanalysis (ERA-40) temperatures on the Tibetan Plateau. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 110 (D2) , Art. No. D02101, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 891KE, doi: 10.1029/2004JD005230
  • Zhang, TJ, OW Frauenfeld, MC Serreze, A Etringer, C Oelke, J McCreight, RG Barry, D Gilichinsky, DQ Yang, HC Ye, F Ling and S Chudinova (2005), Spatial and temporal variability in active layer thickness over the Russian Arctic drainage basin. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 110 (D16) , Art. No. D16101, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 957WU, doi: 10.1029/2004JD005642
  • Chapin, FS, M Sturm, MC Serreze, JP McFadden, JR Key, AH Lloyd, AD McGuire, TS Rupp, AH Lynch, JP Schimel, J Beringer, WL Chapman, HE Epstein, ES Euskirchen, LD Hinzman, G Jia, CL Ping, KD Tape, CDC Thompson, DA Walker and JM Welker (2005), Role of land-surface changes in Arctic summer warming. Science Version: 1 310 (5748) 657-660, issn: 0036-8075, ids: 980ET, doi: 10.1126/science.1117368, PubMed ID: 16179434
  • Serreze, MC, AP Barrett and F Lo (2005), Northern high-latitude precipitation as depicted by atmospheric reanalyses and satellite retrievals. Mon. Weather Rev. Version: 1 Workshop on Short to Medium-Range Numerical Weather Prediction in the Arctic and Antarctic 133 (12) 3407-3430, Univ Alaska Fairbanks, Int Arct Res Ctr, Fairbanks, AK, OCT, 2003, issn: 0027-0644, ids: 001AS, doi: 10.1175/MWR3047.1
  • Oelke, C, TJ Zhang and MC Serreze (2004), Modeling evidence for recent warming of the Arctic soil thermal regime. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 31 (7) , Art. No. L07208, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 813OB, doi: 10.1029/2003GL019300
  • Tsukernik, M, TN Chase, MC Serreze, RG Barry, R Pielke, B Herman and X Zeng (2004), On the regulation of minimum mid-tropospheric temperatures in the Arctic. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 31 (6) , Art. No. L06112, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 806MG, doi: 10.1029/2003GL018831
  • Serreze, MC, JA Maslanik, TA Scambos, F Fetterer, J Stroeve, K Knowles, C Fowler, S Drobot, RG Barry and TM Haran (2003), A record minimum arctic sea ice extent and area in 2002. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 30 (3) , Art. No. 1110, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 661JJ, doi: 10.1029/2002GL016406
  • Oelke, C, TJ Zhang, MC Serreze and RL Armstrong (2003), Regional-scale modeling of soil freeze/thaw over the Arctic drainage basin. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 108 (D10) , Art. No. 4314, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 686CM, doi: 10.1029/2002JD002722
  • Serreze, MC and AJ Etringer (2003), Precipitation characteristics of the Eurasian Arctic drainage system. Int. J. Climatol. Version: 1 23 (11) 1267-1291, issn: 0899-8418, ids: 722DR, doi: 10.1002/joc.941
  • Serreze, MC, MP Clark and DH Bromwich (2003), Monitoring precipitation over the Arctic terrestrial drainage system: Data requirements, shortcomings, and applications of atmospheric reanalysis. J. Hydrometeorol. Version: 1 4 (2) 387-407, issn: 1525-755X, ids: 668EF, doi: 10.1175/1525-7541(2003)4<387:MPOTAT>2.0.CO;2
  • Clark, M.P., L.E. Hay, G.J. McCabe, G.H. Leavesley, M.C. Serreze, and R.L. Wilby (2003), The use of weather and climate information in forecasting water supply in the western United States. Water and Climate in the Western United States Version: 169-92
  • Uttal, T, JA Curry, MG McPhee, DK Perovich, RE Moritz, JA Maslanik, PS Guest, HL Stern, JA Moore, R Turenne, A Heiberg, MC Serreze, DP Wylie, OG Persson, CA Paulson, C Halle, JH Morison, PA Wheeler, A Makshtas, H Welch, MD Shupe, JM Intrieri, K Stamnes, RW Lindsey, R Pinkel, WS Pegau, TP Stanton and TC Grenfeld (2002), Surface heat budget of the Arctic Ocean. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. Version: 1 83 (2) 255-275, issn: 0003-0007, ids: 526TT, doi: 10.1175/1520-0477(2002)083<0255:SHBOTA>2.3.CO;2
  • Frei, A, RL Armstrong, MP Clark and MC Serreze (2002), Catskill mountain water resources: Vulnerability, hydroclimatology, and climate-change sensitivity. Ann. Assoc. Am. Geogr. Version: 1 92 (2) 203-224, issn: 0004-5608, ids: 565YT, doi: 10.1111/1467-8306.00287
  • Serreze, MC, DH Bromwich, MP Clark, AJ Etringer, TJ Zhang and R Lammers (2002), Large-scale hydro-climatology of the terrestrial Arctic drainage system. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. Version: 1 108 (D2) , Art. No. 8160, issn: 2169-897X, ids: 643PH, doi: 10.1029/2001JD000919
  • Clark, MP, MC Serreze and GJ McCabe (2001), Historical effects of El Nino and La Nina events on the seasonal evolution of the montane snowpack in the Columbia and Colorado River Basins. Water Resour. Res. Version: 1 37 (3) 741-757, issn: 0043-1397, ids: 408EE, doi: 10.1029/2000WR900305
  • Serreze, MC, MP Clark and A Frei (2001), Characteristics of large snowfall events in the montane western United States as examined using snowpack telemetry (SNOTEL) data. Water Resour. Res. Version: 1 37 (3) 675-688, issn: 0043-1397, ids: 408EE, doi: 10.1029/2000WR900307
  • Serreze, MC, AH Lynch and MP Clark (2001), The Arctic frontal zone as seen in the NCEP-NCAR reanalysis. J. Clim. Version: 1 14 (7) 1550-1567, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 418CR, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2001)014<1550:TAFZAS>2.0.CO;2
  • McCabe, GJ, MP Clark and MC Serreze (2001), Trends in Northern Hemisphere surface cyclone frequency and intensity. J. Clim. Version: 1 14 (12) 2763-2768, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 441PQ, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2001)014<2763:TINHSC>2.0.CO;2
  • Serreze, MC and CM Hurst (2000), Representation of mean Arctic precipitation from NCEP-NCAR and ERA reanalyses. J. Clim. Version: 1 13 (1) 182-201, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 273LH, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<0182:ROMAPF>2.0.CO;2
  • Clark, MP and MC Serreze (2000), Effects of variations in east Asian snow cover on modulating atmospheric circulation over the north pacific ocean. J. Clim. Version: 1 13 (20) 3700-3710, issn: 0894-8755, ids: 369JR, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<3700:EOVIEA>2.0.CO;2
  • McGuire, AD, JS Clein, JM Melillo, DW Kicklighter, RA Meier, CJ Vorosmarty and MC Serreze (2000), Modelling carbon responses of tundra ecosystems to historical and projected climate: sensitivity of pan-Arctic carbon storage to temporal and spatial variation in climate. Glob. Change Biol. Version: 1 6 141-159, issn: 1354-1013, ids: 399FA, doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2486.2000.06017.x
  • Fleming, MD, FS Chapin, W Cramer, GL Hufford and MC Serreze (2000), Geographic patterns and dynamics of Alaskan climate interpolated from a sparse station record. Glob. Change Biol. Version: 1 6 49-58, issn: 1354-1013, ids: 399FA, doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2486.2000.06008.x
  • Clark, MP, MC Serreze and DA Robinson (1999), Atmospheric controls on Eurasian snow extent. Int. J. Climatol. Version: 1 19 (1) 27-40, issn: 0899-8418, ids: 159MY, doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0088(199901)19:1<27::AID-JOC346>3.0.CO;2-N
  • Serreze, MC, MP Clark, RL Armstrong, DA McGinnis and RS Pulwarty (1999), Characteristics of the western United States snowpack from snowpack telemetry (SNOTEL) data. Water Resour. Res. Version: 1 35 (7) 2145-2160, issn: 0043-1397, ids: 211DV, doi: 10.1029/1999WR900090
  • Serreze, MC, MP Clark, DL McGinnis and DA Robinson (1998), Characteristics of snowfall over the eastern half of the United States and relationships with principal modes of low-frequency atmospheric variability. J. Clim. Version: 1 11 (2) 234-250, issn: 0894-8755, ids: YY523, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1998)011<0234:COSOTE>2.0.CO;2
  • SERREZE, MC, RG BARRY and JE WALSH (1995), ATMOSPHERIC WATER-VAPOR CHARACTERISTICS AT 70-DEGREES-N. J. Clim. Version: 1 8 (4) 719-731, issn: 0894-8755, ids: QV555, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1995)008<0719:AWVCA>2.0.CO;2
  • SERREZE, MC (1995), CLIMATOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF CYCLONE DEVELOPMENT AND DECAY IN THE ARCTIC. Atmos.-Ocean Version: 1 33 (1) 1-23, issn: 0705-5900, ids: QX725, doi: 10.1080/07055900.1995.9649522
  • SERREZE, MC, MC REHDER, RG BARRY, JD KAHL and NA ZAITSEVA (1995), THE DISTRIBUTION AND TRANSPORT OF ATMOSPHERIC WATER-VAPOR OVER THE ARCTIC BASIN. Int. J. Climatol. Version: 1 15 (7) 709-727, issn: 0899-8418, ids: RM521, doi: 10.1002/joc.3370150702
  • SERREZE, MC, RG BARRY, MC REHDER and JE WALSH (1995), VARIABILITY IN ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION AND MOISTURE FLUX OVER THE ARCTIC. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. A-Math. Phys. Eng. Sci. Version: 1 352 (1699) 215-225, issn: 1364-503X, ids: RR362, doi: 10.1098/rsta.1995.0065
  • SERREZE, MC, JA MASLANIK, JR KEY, RF KOKALY and DA ROBINSON (1995), DIAGNOSIS OF THE RECORD MINIMUM IN ARCTIC SEA-ICE AREA DURING 1990 AND ASSOCIATED SNOW COVER EXTREMES. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 22 (16) 2183-2186, issn: 0094-8276, ids: RT333, doi: 10.1029/95GL02068
  • WALSH, JE, X ZHOU, D PORTIS and MC SERREZE (1994), ATMOSPHERIC CONTRIBUTION TO HYDROLOGIC VARIATIONS IN THE ARCTIC. Atmos.-Ocean Version: 1 32 (4) 733-755, issn: 0705-5900, ids: QC440, doi: 10.1080/07055900.1994.9649520
  • KAHL, JD, MC SERREZE and RC SCHNELL (1992), TROPOSPHERIC LOW-LEVEL TEMPERATURE INVERSIONS IN THE CANADIAN ARCTIC. Atmos.-Ocean Version: 1 30 (4) 511-529, issn: 0705-5900, ids: MG398, doi: 10.1080/07055900.1992.9649453
  • SERREZE, MC, JA MASLANIK, RG BARRY and TL DEMARIA (1992), WINTER ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION IN THE ARCTIC BASIN AND POSSIBLE RELATIONSHIPS TO THE GREAT SALINITY ANOMALY IN THE NORTHERN NORTH-ATLANTIC. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 19 (3) 293-296, issn: 0094-8276, ids: HC979, doi: 10.1029/91GL02946