Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences at the University of Colorado Boulder

Roger Bilham

Research Interests

I am a research scientist in CIRES with interests in earthquake, landslide, flood and volcano processes and their impact on society.   I use various terrestrial and remote sensing geodetic methods to capture the deformation of the Earth's crust, and engineering and historical investigative methods to quantify the damage they produce. My current research includes the quantitative study of earthquakes in India and its western margin, and the investigation of aseismic fault slip in Israel, Pakistan, Anatolia and California.

Current Research

Our collaborative investigations with Kandilli Observatory, Istanbul, involve measurements of strain and aseismic slip on the northern and eastern Anatolian faults to learn more about the relationship between earthquakes and fault creep. In December 2019 the largest creep event (10 mm) yet recorded on the northern Anatolian fault propagated eastward near Ismetpasa in seven sub-events with velocities of up to 2.3 m/s.  Surface after-slip in the Mw6.8 2020 Sivrice/Elazig earthquake on the eastern Anatolian fault commenced a few days after the mainshock and decayed with a time constant of approximately 20 days.  Unlike in previous afterslip episodes elsewhere, however, slip rates accelerated after local aftershocks and continues at low rates a year after the event. Slip was also triggered by this earthquake on the East Anatolian fault some 40 km east of the rupture zone initiating a creep event that propagated eastward at 0.26 m/s. Slip was triggered on the southern San Andreas fault following the 2019 Ridgecrest earthquakes and propagated southward eventually triggering minor seismicity near the Salton Sea.

As part of an investigation to document coseismic slip during a major earthquake, we have upgraded Hayward fault creepmeters to capture coseismic rupture in a pending earthquake at 1 Hz sample rates. The Hayward fault creepmeters have been found to act as strain-meters in that they record the harmonics of tidal loading in San Francisco Bay.  Gas was vented from the East Anatolian fault following the Sivrice earthquake and experiments to measure potential CO2, H2, CH4 and 222Rn venting during creep events on the northern and southern San Andreas faults have been implemented.  The introduction of multiple axis extensometers across creeping faults is providing surprising insight into their behavior.  In particular creeping faults appear to dilate several mm during aseismic slip in the dry season and to close rapidly during heavy precipitation, a behavior we suspect is attributable to the rotation and lubrication of lozenge-shaped clay clasts in the fault zone.

In a collaborative project with NED University, Karachi, we have investigated Medieval and pre-historic flooding of the Kashmir Valley.  Quite small landslides in the Pir Panjal mountains can dam the river Jhelum, causing the entire valley to flood.  We calculate that breach of a 3 year transient dam released a 14 cubic km catastrophic flood that drained the valley in the ninth century transporting boulders with diameters exceeding 12 m, similar to those observed in the stream bed near Muzafferabad.  Were the river dammed for a century, as occurred in the Pamir landslide that formed Lake Sarez, 400 cubic km of water could be stored in the Kashmir valley flooding Srinagar to a depth of 170 m.  Although ancient shorelines at this level exist in the Kashmir valley, the absence of mega-boulders much larger than 13 m in diameter donstream suggests that floods with volumes >15 cubic km probably have not occurred, and these shorelines were shifted to their current levels by tectonic processes.
 



The effects of aseismic slip on the San Andreas fault. In the past five years, the Pacific Plate in the foreground has moved 5 cm northwest relative to the road leading to Hollister on the North American Plate. The slip occurs in episodes with 2 hour duration and 3 mm amplitude about twice each year.  Gas is vented from the creeping fault during collapse of the fault zone following months of dilatant opening.

Honors and Awards

  • W. S. Jardetzky Lecture at Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, 2015
  • H. L. Welsh Distinguished Lecturer, Unversity of Toronto, Department of Physics, 2012
  • Mallet-Milne Lecture, Society for Earthquake and Civil Engineering Dynamics, 2009
  • Visiting Miller Professor, University of California Berkeley, 2004
  • Fellow, American Geophysical Union, 2002
  • Guggenheim Fellow, Oxford University, 1999

View Publications

  • Kravitz, K; Mueller, K; Bilham, RG; Walton, M (2020), Active Steady-State Creep on A Nontectonic Normal Fault in Southeast Utah: Implications for Strain Release in a Rapidly Deforming Salt System. Version: 1 GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS 47 (11) , Art. No. e2020GL087081, issn: 0094-8276, doi: 10.1029/2020GL087081
  • Bilham, R; Castillo, B (2020), The July 2019 Ridgecrest, California, Earthquake Sequence Recorded by Creepmeters: Negligible Epicentral Afterslip and Prolonged Triggered Slip at Teleseismic Distances. Version: 1 SEISMOLOGICAL RESEARCH LETTERS 91 (2) 707-720, issn: 0895-0695, doi: 10.1785/0220190293
  • Bilham, R (2019), Himalayan earthquakes: a review of historical seismicity and early 21st century slip potential. Version: 1 HIMALAYAN TECTONICS: A MODERN SYNTHESIS 483 423-+, Ed. Treloar, PJ; Searle, MP, issn: 0305-8719, isbn: 978-1-78620-405-9, doi: 10.1144/SP483.16
  • Tymofyeyeva, E; Fialko, Y; Jiang, JL; Xu, XH; Sandwell, D; Bilham, R; Rockwell, TK; Blanton, C; Burkett, F; Gontz, A; Moafipoor, S (2019), Slow Slip Event On the Southern San Andreas Fault Triggered by the 2017 M(w)8.2 Chiapas (Mexico) Earthquake. Version: 1 JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SOLID EARTH 124 (9) 9956-9975, issn: 2169-9313, doi: 10.1029/2018JB016765
  • Bilham, R; Kakar, NU; Kakar, DM; Wang, K; Burgmann, R; Barnhart, WD (2019), The 1892 Chaman, Pakistan, Earthquake. Version: 1 SEISMOLOGICAL RESEARCH LETTERS 90 (6) 2293-2303, issn: 0895-0695, doi: 10.1785/0220190148
  • Aslan, G; Lasserre, C; Cakir, Z; Ergintav, S; Ozarpaci, S; Dogan, U; Bilham, R; Renard, F (2019), Shallow Creep Along the 1999 Izmit Earthquake Rupture (Turkey) From GPS and High Temporal Resolution Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar Data (2011-2017). Version: 1 JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SOLID EARTH 124 (2) 2218-2236, issn: 2169-9313, doi: 10.1029/2018JB017022
  • Hough, S. E., and R Bilham (2018), Poroelastic stress changes associated with primary oil production in the Los Angeles Basin, California. The Leading Edge Version: 1, doi: doi 10.1190/tle37020108.1
  • Hough, SE; Bilham, R (2018), Revisiting Earthquakes in the Los Angeles, California, Basin During the Early Instrumental Period: Evidence for an Association With Oil Production. Version: 1 JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SOLID EARTH 123 (12) 10684-10705, issn: 2169-9313, doi: 10.1029/2017JB014616
  • Bilham, R, D Mencin, R Bendick and R Burgmann (2017), Implications for elastic energy storage in the Himalaya from the Gorkha 2015 earthquake and other incomplete ruptures of the Main Himalayan Thrust. Quat. Int. Version: 1 462 3-21, issn: 1040-6182, ids: FK8QJ, doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2016.09.055
  • Szeliga, W and R Bilham (2017), New Constraints on the Mechanism and Rupture Area for the 1905 M-w 7.8 Kangra Earthquake, Northwest Himalaya. Bull. Seismol. Soc. Amer. Version: 1 107 (5) 2467-2479, issn: 0037-1106, ids: FJ7EQ, doi: 10.1785/0120160267
  • Bendick, R and R Bilham (2017), Do weak global stresses synchronize earthquakes?. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 44 (16) 8320-8327, issn: 0094-8276, ids: FG8DR, doi: 10.1002/2017GL074934
  • England, P and R Bilham (2015), The Shillong Plateau and the great 1897 Assam earthquake. Tectonics Version: 1 34 (9) 1792-1812, issn: 0278-7407, ids: CV7YH, doi: 10.1002/2015TC003902
  • Amoruso, A, L Crescentini, R Scarpa, R Bilham, AT Linde and IS Sacks (2015), Abrupt magma chamber contraction and microseismicity at Campi Flegrei, Italy: Cause and effect determined from strainmeters and tiltmeters. J. Geophys. Res.-Solid Earth Version: 1 120 (8) 5467-5478, issn: 2169-9313, ids: CS6WN, doi: 10.1002/2015JB012085
  • Wei, M, YJ Liu, Y Kaneko, JJ McGuire and R Bilham (2015), Dynamic triggering of creep events in the Salton Trough, Southern California by regional M >= 5.4 earthquakes constrained by geodetic observations and numerical simulations. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. Version: 1 427 1-10, issn: 0012-821X, ids: CO7HS, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.06.044
  • Bendick, R, SF Khan, R Burgmann, F Jouanne, P Banerjee, MA Khan and R Bilham (2015), Postseismic relaxation in Kashmir and lateral variations in crustal architecture and materials. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 42 (11) 4375-4383, issn: 0094-8276, ids: CM2LI, doi: 10.1002/2015GL064670
  • Bilham, R (2014), Aggravated Earthquake Risk in South Asia: Engineering versus Human Nature. Version: 1 EARTHQUAKE HAZARD, RISK AND DISASTERS 103-141, Ed. Wyss, M, ids: BJ2LR, isbn: 978-0-12-396472-4; 978-0-12-394848-9, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-394848-9.00005-5
  • Lindsey, EO, Y Fialko, Y Bock, DT Sandwell and R Bilham (2014), Localized and distributed creep along the southern San Andreas Fault. J. Geophys. Res.-Solid Earth Version: 1 119 (10) 7909-7922, issn: 2169-9313, ids: AU1GH, doi: 10.1002/2014JB011275
  • Vernant, P, R Bilham, W Szeliga, D Drupka, S Kalita, AK Bhattacharyya, VK Gaur, P Pelgay, R Cattin and T Berthet (2014), Clockwise rotation of the Brahmaputra Valley relative to India: Tectonic convergence in the eastern Himalaya, Naga Hills, and Shillong Plateau. J. Geophys. Res.-Solid Earth Version: 1 119 (8) 6558-6571, issn: 2169-9313, ids: AQ1AD, doi: 10.1002/2014JB011196
  • Barnhart, WD, GP Hayes, RW Briggs, RD Gold and R Bilham (2014), Ball-and-socket tectonic rotation during the 2013 M(w)7.7 Balochistan earthquake. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. Version: 1 403 210-216, issn: 0012-821X, ids: AP7GZ, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2014.07.001
  • Bilham, R and BS Bali (2014), A ninth century earthquake-induced landslide and flood in the Kashmir Valley, and earthquake damage to Kashmirs Medieval temples. Bull. Earthq. Eng. Version: 1 12 (1) 79-109, issn: 1570-761X, ids: AB3RJ, doi: 10.1007/s10518-013-9504-x
  • He, JK, P Vernant, J Chery, WM Wang, SJ Lu, WF Ku, WH Xia and R Bilham (2013), Nailing down the slip rate of the Altyn Tagh fault. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 40 (20) 5382-5386, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 301DY, doi: 10.1002/2013GL057497
  • Schiffman, C, BS Bali, W Szeliga and R Bilham (2013), Seismic slip deficit in the Kashmir Himalaya from GPS observations. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 40 (21) 5642-5645, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 263LT, doi: 10.1002/2013GL057700
  • Bilham, R (2013), The Dynamics of Disaster. Nature Version: 1 502 (7472) 438-439, issn: 0028-0836, ids: 238YN
  • Hauksson, E, J Stock, R Bilham, M Boese, XW Chen, EJ Fielding, J Galetzka, KW Hudnut, K Hutton, LM Jones, H Kanamori, PM Shearer, J Steidl, J Treiman, SJ Wei and WZ Yang (2013), Report on the August 2012 Brawley Earthquake Swarm in Imperial Valley, Southern California. Seismol. Res. Lett. Version: 1 84 (2) 177-189, issn: 0895-0695, ids: 101AP, doi: 10.1785/0220120169
  • Bilham, R (2013), Nicholas Neocles Ambraseys 1929-2012 In Memoriam. Seismol. Res. Lett. Version: 1 84 (2) 173-176, issn: 0895-0695, ids: 101AP, doi: 10.1785/0220130007
  • Bilham, R (2013), Societal and observational problems in earthquake risk assessments and their delivery to those most at risk. Tectonophysics Version: 1 584 166-173, issn: 0040-1951, ids: 099IC, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2012.03.023
  • Lienkaemper, JJ, FS McFarland, RW Simpson, RG Bilham, DA Ponce, JJ Boatwright and SJ Caskey (2012), Long-Term Creep Rates on the Hayward Fault: Evidence for Controls on the Size and Frequency of Large Earthquakes. Bull. Seismol. Soc. Amer. Version: 1 102 (1) 31-41, issn: 0037-1106, ids: 897BC, doi: 10.1785/0120110033
  • Gaur, VK and R Bilham (2012), Discussion of seismicity near Jaitapur. Curr. Sci. Version: 1 103 (11) 1273-1278, issn: 0011-3891, ids: 067TR
  • Szeliga, W, R Bilham, DM Kakar and SH Lodi (2012), Interseismic strain accumulation along the western boundary of the Indian subcontinent. J. Geophys. Res.-Solid Earth Version: 1 117 , Art. No. B08404, issn: 2169-9313, ids: 988DS, doi: 10.1029/2011JB008822
  • Satyabala, SP, ZH Yang and R Bilham (2012), Stick-slip advance of the Kohat Plateau in Pakistan. Nat. Geosci. Version: 1 5 (2) 147-150, issn: 1752-0894, ids: 893ZU, doi: 10.1038/NGEO1373
  • Perez, OJ, R Bilham, M Sequera, L Molina, P Gavotti, H Codallo, C Moncayo, C Rodriguez, R Velandia, M Guzman and P Molnar (2011), GPS DERIVED VELOCITY FIELD IN WESTERN VENEZUELA: DEXTRAL SHEAR COMPONENT ASSOCIATED TO THE BOCONO FAULT AND CONVERGENT COMPONENT NORMAL TO THE ANDES. Interciencia Version: 1 36 (1) 39-44, issn: 0378-1844, ids: 711DV
  • Wei, M, D Sandwell, Y Fialko and R Bilham (2011), Slip on faults in the Imperial Valley triggered by the 4 April 2010 Mw 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake revealed by InSAR. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 38 , Art. No. L01308, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 707XC, doi: 10.1029/2010GL045235
  • Bilham, R, BS Bali, MI Bhat and S Hough (2010), Historical earthquakes in Srinagar, Kashmir: Clues from the Shiva Temple at Pandrethan. Version: 1 ANCIENT EARTHQUAKES 471 107-117, Ed. Sintubin, M; Stewart, IS; Niemi, TM; Altunel, E, issn: 0072-1077, ids: BTB23, isbn: 978-0-8137-2471-3, doi: 10.1130/2010.2471(10)
  • Bilham, R and S Lodi (2010), The door knockers of Mansurah: Strong shaking in a region of low perceived seismic risk, Sindh, Pakistan. Version: 1 ANCIENT EARTHQUAKES 471 29-37, Ed. Sintubin, M; Stewart, IS; Niemi, TM; Altunel, E, issn: 0072-1077, ids: BTB23, isbn: 978-0-8137-2471-3, doi: 10.1130/2010.2471(03)
  • Szeliga, W, S Hough, S Martin and R Bilham (2010), Intensity, Magnitude, Location, and Attenuation in India for Felt Earthquakes since 1762. Bull. Seismol. Soc. Amer. Version: 1 100 (2) 570-584, issn: 0037-1106, ids: 569LB, doi: 10.1785/0120080329
  • Mohadjer, S, R Bendick, A Ischuk, S Kuzikov, A Kostuk, U Saydullaev, S Lodi, DM Kakar, A Wasy, MA Khan, P Molnar, R Bilham and AV Zubovich (2010), Partitioning of India-Eurasia convergence in the Pamir-Hindu Kush from GPS measurements. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 37 , Art. No. L04305, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 562FO, doi: 10.1029/2009GL041737
  • Bilham, R (2010), Predicting the Unpredictable: The Tumultuous Science of Earthquake Prediction. Nature Version: 1 463 (7282) 735-735, issn: 0028-0836, ids: 553VG, doi: 10.1038/463735a
  • Bilham, R (2009), The seismic future of cities. Bull. Earthq. Eng. Version: 1 7 (4) 839-887, issn: 1570-761X, ids: 515OL, doi: 10.1007/s10518-009-9147-0
  • Szeliga, W, R Bilham, D Schelling, DM Kakar and S Lodi (2009), Fold and thrust partitioning in a contracting fold belt: Insights from the 1931 Mach earthquake in Baluchistan. Tectonics Version: 1 28 , Art. No. TC5019, issn: 0278-7407, ids: 513LZ, doi: 10.1029/2008TC002265
  • Hough, S, R Bilham and I Bhat (2009), Kashmir Valley Megaearthquakes Estimates of the magnitudes of past seismic events foretell a very shaky future for this pastoral valley. Am. Scientist Version: 1 97 (1) 42-49, issn: 0003-0996, ids: 384QM, doi: 10.1511/2009.76.1
  • Clark, MK and R Bilham (2008), Miocene rise of the Shillong Plateau and the beginning of the end for the Eastern Himalaya. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. Version: 1 269 (4-Mar) 336-350, issn: 0012-821X, ids: 312YX, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2008.01.045
  • Hough, SE and R Bilham (2008), Site response of the Ganges basin inferred from re-evaluated macroseismic, observations from the 1897 Shillong, 1905 Kangra, and 1934 Nepal earthquakes. J. Earth Syst. Sci. Version: 1 117 773-782, issn: 0253-4126, ids: 404QE, doi: 10.1007/s12040-008-0068-0
  • Bendick, R, R Bilham, MA Khan and SF Khan (2007), Slip on an active wedge thrust from geodetic observations of the 8 October 2005 Kashmir earthquake. Geology Version: 1 35 (3) 267-270, issn: 0091-7613, ids: 184FY, doi: 10.1130/G23158A.1
  • Paul, J, AR Lowry, R Bilham, S Sen and R Smalley (2007), Postseismic deformation of the Andaman Islands following the 26 December, 2004 Great Sumatra-Andaman earthquake. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 34 (19) , Art. No. L19309, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 221HO, doi: 10.1029/2007GL031024
  • Bilham, R, S Lodi, S Hough, S Bukharyl, AM Khan and SFA Rafeeqi (2007), Seismic hazard in Karachi, Pakistan: Uncertain past, uncertain future. Seismol. Res. Lett. Version: 1 78 (6) 601-613, issn: 0895-0695, ids: 232LY, doi: 10.1785/gssrl.78.6.601
  • Bilham, R (2006), Harry Fielding Reid medal citation for Nicholas Ambrasey. Seismol. Res. Lett. Version: 1 77 (4) 487-489
  • Bendick, R, S McClusky, R Bilham, L Asfaw and S Klemperer (2006), Distributed Nubia-Somalia relative motion and dike intrusion in the Main Ethiopian Rift. Geophys. J. Int. Version: 1 165 (1) 303-310
  • Bilham, R (2006), Harry Fielding Reid medal citation for Nicholas Ambraseys. Seismol. Res. Lett. Version: 1 77 (5) 606-608
  • Satyabala, SP and R Bilham (2006), Surface deformation and subsurface slip of the 28 March 1999 Mw=6.4 west Himalayan Chamoli earthquake from InSAR analysis. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 33 (23) , Art. No. L23305, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 115RW, doi: 10.1029/2006GL027422
  • Wallace, K, R Bilham, F Blume, VK Gaur and V Gahalaut (2006), Geodetic constraints on the Bhuj 2001 earthquake and surface deformation in the Kachchh Rift Basin. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 33 (10) , Art. No. L10301, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 049DT, doi: 10.1029/2006GL025775
  • Feldl, N and R Bilham (2006), Great Himalayan earthquakes and the Tibetan plateau. Nature Version: 1 444 (7116) 165-170, issn: 0028-0836, ids: 103DZ, doi: 10.1038/nature05199, PubMed ID: 17093444
  • Bilham, R, R Engdahl, N Feldl and SP Satyabala (2005), Partial and complete rupture of the Indo-Andaman plate boundary 1847-2004. Seismol. Res. Lett. Version: 1 76 (3) 299-311, issn: 0895-0695, ids: 929VX, doi: 10.1785/gssrl.76.3.299
  • Bilham, R (2005), Coseismic strain and the transition to surface afterslip recorded by creepmeters near the 2004 Parkfield epicenter. Seismol. Res. Lett. Version: 1 76 (1) 49-57, issn: 0895-0695, ids: 898KR, doi: 10.1785/gssrl.76.1.49
  • Bilham, R and N Ambraseys (2005), Apparent Himalayan slip deficit from the summation of seismic moments for Himalayan earthquakes, 1500-2000. Curr. Sci. Version: 1 88 (10) 1658-1663, issn: 0011-3891, ids: 934TG
  • Wallace, K, R Bilham, F Blume, VK Gaur and V Gahalaut (2005), Surface deformation in the region of the 1905 Kangra Mw=7.8 earthquake in the period 1846-2001. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 32 (15) , Art. No. L15307, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 954GI, doi: 10.1029/2005GL022906
  • Schulte-Pelkum, V, G Monsalve, A Sheehan, MR Pandey, S Sapkota, R Bilham and F Wu (2005), Imaging the Indian subcontinent beneath the Himalaya. Nature Version: 1 435 (7046) 1222-1225, issn: 0028-0836, ids: 940JJ, doi: 10.1038/nature03678, PubMed ID: 15988523
  • Hough, SE, R Bilham, K Mueller, W Stephenson, R Williams and J Odum (2005), Wagon loads of sand blows in White County Illinois. Seismol. Res. Lett. Version: 1 76 (3) 373-386, issn: 0895-0695, ids: 929VX, doi: 10.1785/gssrl.76.3.373
  • Hough, SE, R Bilham, N Ambraseys and N Feldl (2005), Revisiting the 1897 Shillong and 1905 Kangra earthquakes in northern India: Site response, Moho reflections and a triggered earthquake. Curr. Sci. Version: 1 88 (10) 1632-1638, issn: 0011-3891, ids: 934TG
  • Mueller, K, SE Hough and R Bilham (2004), Analysing the 1811-1812 New Madrid earthquakes with recent instrumentally recorded aftershocks. Nature Version: 1 429 (6989) 284-288, issn: 0028-0836, ids: 822AO, doi: 10.1038/nature02557, PubMed ID: 15152249
  • Wallace, K, GH Yin and R Bilham (2004), Inescapable slow slip on the Altyn Tagh fault. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 31 (9) , Art. No. L09613, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 821PH, doi: 10.1029/2004GL019724
  • Bilham, R, N Suszek and S Pinkney (2004), California creepmeters. Seismol. Res. Lett. Version: 1 75 (4) 481-492, issn: 0895-0695, ids: 876VT, doi: 10.1785/gssrl.75.4.481
  • Bilham, R (2004), Earthquakes in India and the Himalaya: tectonics, geodesy and history. Ann. Geophys. Version: 1 Meeting on Virtual Astrophysical Jets 47 (3-Feb) 839-858, Dogliani, ITALY, OCT 02-04, 2003, issn: 1593-5213, ids: 857QB
  • Kostoglodov, V, SK Singh, JA Santiago, SI Franco, KM Larson, AR Lowry and R Bilham (2003), A large silent earthquake in the Guerrero seismic gap, Mexico. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 30 (15) , Art. No. 1807, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 712NZ, doi: 10.1029/2003GL017219
  • Hough, SE, S Martin, R Bilham and GM Atkinson (2003), A media-based assessment of damage and ground motions from the January 26th, 2001 M7.6 Bhuj, India earthquake. Proc. Indian Acad. Sci.-Earth Planet. Sci Version: 1 International Conference on Seismic Hazard 112 (3) 353-373, NEW DELHI, INDIA, OCT 03-05, 2001, issn: 0253-4126, ids: 722VL
  • Ambraseys, N and R Bilham (2003), Reevaluated intensities for the great Assam Earthquake of 12 June 1897, Shillong, India. Bull. Seismol. Soc. Amer. Version: 1 93 (2) 655-673, issn: 0037-1106, ids: 677LX, doi: 10.1785/0120020093
  • Ambraseys, N and R Bilham (2003), Earthquakes and associated deformation in northern Baluchistan 1892-2001. Bull. Seismol. Soc. Amer. Version: 1 93 (4) 1573-1605, issn: 0037-1106, ids: 721NP, doi: 10.1785/0120020038
  • Jade, S, M Mukul, IA Parvez, MB Ananda, PD Kumar, VK Gaur, R Bendick, R Bilham, F Blume, K Wallace, IA Abbasi, MA Khan and S Ulhadi (2003), Pre-seismic, co-seismic and post-seismic displacements associated with the Bhuj 2001 earthquake derived from recent and historic geodetic data. Proc. Indian Acad. Sci.-Earth Planet. Sci Version: 1 International Conference on Seismic Hazard 112 (3) 331-345, NEW DELHI, INDIA, OCT 03-05, 2001, issn: 0253-4126, ids: 722VL
  • Bilham, R, R Bendick and K Wallace (2003), Flexure of the Indian plate and intraplate earthquakes. Proc. Indian Acad. Sci.-Earth Planet. Sci Version: 1 International Conference on Seismic Hazard 112 (3) 315-329, NEW DELHI, INDIA, OCT 03-05, 2001, issn: 0253-4126, ids: 722VL
  • Hough, S and R Bilham (2003), Shaken to the core. Nat. Hist. Version: 1 112 (1) 42-48
  • Ortiz, M and R Bilham (2003), Source area and rupture parameters of the 31 December 1881 M-w=7.9 Car Nicobar earthquake estimated from tsunamis recorded in the Bay of Bengal. J. Geophys. Res.-Solid Earth Version: 1 108 (B4) , Art. No. 2215, issn: 2169-9313, ids: 678BM, doi: 10.1029/2002JB001941
  • Wang, Q, PZ Zhang, ZJ Niu, JT Freymueller, X Lai, YX Li, WY Zhu, JN Liu, R Bilham and KM Larson (2002), Present-day crustal movement and tectonic deformation in China continent. Sci. China Ser. D-Earth Sci. Version: 1 45 (10) 865-874, issn: 1006-9313, ids: 595UT, doi: 10.1360/02yd9085
  • Hough, SE, S Martin, R Bilham and GM Atkinson (2002), The 26 January 2001 M 7.6 Bhuj, India, earthquake: Observed and predicted ground motions. Bull. Seismol. Soc. Amer. Version: 1 92 (6) 2061-2079, issn: 0037-1106, ids: 611NT, doi: 10.1785/0120010260
  • Weber, JC, TH Dixon, C DeMets, WB Ambeh, P Jansma, G Mattioli, J Saleh, G Sella, R Bilham and O Perez (2001), GPS estimate of relative motion between the Caribbean and South American plates, and geologic implications for Trinidad and Venezuela. Geology Version: 1 29 (1) 75-78, issn: 0091-7613, ids: 392ZA, doi: 10.1130/0091-7613(2001)029<0075:GEORMB>2.0.CO;2
  • Paul, J, R Burgmann, VK Gaur, R Bilham, KM Larson, MB Ananda, S Jade, M Mukal, TS Anupama, G Satyal and D Kumar (2001), The motion and active deformation of India. Geophys. Res. Lett. Version: 1 28 (4) 647-650, issn: 0094-8276, ids: 401MX, doi: 10.1029/2000GL011832
  • Searle, M, BR Hacker and R Bilham (2001), The Hindu Kush seismic zone as a paradigm for the creation of ultrahigh-pressure diamond- and coesite-bearing continental rocks. J. Geol. Version: 1 109 (2) 143-153
  • Bilham, R (2001), Slow tilt reversal of the Lesser Himalaya between 1862 and 1992 at 78 degrees E, and bounds to the southeast rupture of the 1905 Kangra earthquake. Geophys. J. Int. Version: 1 144 (3) 713-728, issn: 0956-540X, ids: 414RU, doi: 10.1046/j.1365-246x.2001.01365.x
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