Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences

Atmospheric Chemistry Program Seminar: Zachary Schiffman, CU-ANYL 3rd year

Monday March 13 2023 @ 12:15 pm





12:15 pm


Open to Public

  • CIRES employees
  • Science collaborators
  • Host
    CIRES, CU Boulder

    Metal Oxide Particles as Atmospheric Nuclei: Exploring the Role of Metal Speciation in Heterogeneous Efflorescence and Ice Nucleation
    Zachary Schiffman, ANYL 3rd year,
    Tolbert group
    "ABSTRACT: Mineral dust can indirectly impact climate by nucleation of atmospheric solids, for example by heterogeneously nucleating ice in mixed-phase clouds or by impacting the phase of aerosols and clouds through contact nucleation. The effectiveness toward nucleation of individual components of mineral dust requires further study. Here, the nucleation behavior of metal oxide nanoparticle components of atmospheric mineral dust is investigated. A long working distance optical trap is used to study contact and immersion nucleation of ammonium sulfate by transition metal oxides, and an environmental chamber is used to probe depositional ice nucleation on metal oxides particles. Previous theory dictates that ice nucleation and heterogeneous nucleation of atmospheric salts can be impacted by several factors including morphology, lattice match, and surface area. Here, we observe a correlation between the cationic oxidation states of the metal oxide heterogeneous nuclei and their effectiveness in causing nucleation in both contact efflorescence mode and depositional freezing mode. In contrast with the activity of contact efflorescence, the same metal oxide particles did not cause a significant increase in efflorescence relative humidity when immersed in the droplet. These experiments suggest that metal speciation, possibly as a result of cationic charge sites, may play a role in the effectiveness of nucleation that is initiated at particle surfaces."