Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences at the University of Colorado Boulder

Vera Schulte-Pelkum

Research Interests

Structure, deformation, rheology, and anisotropy of the lithosphere; receiver functions and array processing; seismic noise wavefield

Current Research

  • Stress, strain, deformation, and reactivation of inherited fabric in the lithosphere
  • Deformation and strength partitioning in Himalaya/Tibet, Zagros, western U.S.
  • Anisotropic rheology
  • Scaling of elastic anisotropy from mineral grains to seismic wavelengths
  • Deep ductile fabric and shear zone imaging
  • Tectonic history from combining xenolith data and seismic observations

Highlights

Papers with interesting supplementary info (which can be a pain to track down, so I've provided bundled links), movies, and recent articles. More publications under the link at the bottom.

Earthquakes in continental mantle: V. Schulte-Pelkum, G. Monsalve, A. F. Sheehan, P. Shearer, F. Wu, S. Rajaure, Mantle earthquakes in the Himalayan collision zone, Geology, 47(9): 815-819, 2019 open access article  supplementary info

How crustal rock fabric behaves, and useful new scaling rules when inverting for seismic anisotropy: S. Brownlee, V. Schulte-Pelkum, A. Raju, K. Mahan, C. Condit, O. Orlandini, Characteristics of deep crustal seismic anisotropy from a compilation of rock elasticity tensors and their expression in receiver functions, Tectonics, 2017 early view article Eos research spotlight

Evolution of the continental U.S. deep crust from geology and seismology, with interactive maps: V. Schulte-Pelkum, K Mahan, W. Shen, J Stachnik, The distribution and composition of high-velocity lower crust across the continental U.S.: Comparison of seismic and xenolith data and implications for lithospheric dynamics and history, Tectonics, 36(8), 2017 open access article; interactive maps (to play with layers, open in Adobe Reader and use View->Show/Hide->Navigations Pane);  Editor's highlight

Moho-cutting Denali fault, and slab under Alaska: Allam, A., V. Schulte-Pelkum, Y. Ben-Zion, C. Tape, N. Ruppert, Z. Ross, Ten kilometer vertical Moho offset and shallow velocity contrast along the Denali fault zone from double-difference tomography, receiver functions, and fault zone head waves, Tectonophysics, in press, 2017, early view article

Subduction channel under the Himalaya? D. McNamara, W. Yeck, W. Barnhart, V. Schulte-Pelkum, E. Bergman, L. Adhikari, A. Dixit, S Hough, H. Benz, P. Earle, Source modeling of the 2015 Mw 7.8 Nepal (Gorkha) earthquake sequence: Implications for geodynamics and earthquake hazards, Tectonophysics, 2016, doi

Deep crustal deformation across the continental U.S.: Schulte-Pelkum, V. and K. Mahan, A method for mapping crustal deformation and anisotropy with receiver functions and first results from USArray, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 402, 221-233, 2014 pdf

Ductile shear zone imaging: Schulte-Pelkum, V. and K. Mahan, Imaging faults and shear zones using receiver functions, Pure Appl. Geophys., 171, 2967–2991, 2014 doi

Decoupled mantle root from seismology, geochemistry, and petrological modeling: Schulte-Pelkum, V., G. Biasi, A. Sheehan, and C. Jones, Differential motion between upper crust and lithospheric mantle in the central Basin and Range, Nature Geosci., 4, 619-623, 2011 pdf

Deformation fabric on the Main Himalayan Thrust fault: Schulte-Pelkum, V., G. Monsalve, A. Sheehan, M.R. Pandey, S. Sapkota, R. Bilham and F. Wu, Imaging the Indian Subcontinent beneath the Himalaya, Nature, 435, 1222-1225, 2005 pdf

Watch seismic arrays track storms in the Pacific and Atlantic: Schulte-Pelkum, V., P. S. Earle and F. L. Vernon, Strong directivity of ocean-generated seismic noise, G-Cubed, 5, doi:10.1029/2003GC000520, 2004 pdf, movie

Education

Ph.D., Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, Geosciences

Diplom, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany, Geophysik

 

 



View Publications

  • Bernard RE; Schulte-Pelkum V; Behr WM. (Sep 2021). The competing effects of olivine and orthopyroxene CPO on seismic anisotropy. Tectonophysics , 814. 10.1016/j.tecto.2021.228954
  • Berg EM; Lin F; Schulte?Pelkum V; Allam A; Qiu H; Gkogkas K. (May 2021). Shallow Crustal Shear Velocity and Vp/Vs Across Southern California: Joint Inversion of Short?Period Rayleigh Wave Ellipticity, Phase Velocity, and Teleseismic Receiver Functions. Geophysical Research Letters , in press. 10.1029/2021GL092626
  • Schulte-Pelkum V; Caine JS; Jones JV; Becker TW. (Nov 2020). Imaging the Tectonic Grain of the Northern Cordillera Orogen Using Transportable Array Receiver Functions. Seismological Research Letters , 91(6), 3086-3105. 10.1785/0220200182
  • Schulte-Pelkum V; Ross ZE; Mueller K; Ben-Zion Y. (Aug 2020). Tectonic Inheritance With Dipping Faults and Deformation Fabric in the Brittle and Ductile Southern California Crust. Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth , 125(8). 10.1029/2020JB019525
  • Berg EM; Lin F-C; Allam A; Schulte-Pelkum V; Ward KM; Shen W. (Feb 2020). Shear Velocity Model of Alaska Via Joint Inversion of Rayleigh Wave Ellipticity, Phase Velocities, and Receiver Functions Across the Alaska Transportable Array. Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth , 125(2). 10.1029/2019JB018582
  • Monsalve, G; Jaramillo, JS; Cardona, A; Schulte-Pelkum, V; Posada, G; Valencia, V; Poveda, E. (SEP 2019). Deep Crustal Faults, Shear Zones, and Magmatism in the Eastern Cordillera of Colombia: Growth of a Plateau From Teleseismic Receiver Function and Geochemical Mio-Pliocene Volcanism Constraints. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SOLID EARTH, 124(9), 9833-9851. 10.1029/2019JB017835
  • Schulte-Pelkum, V; Monsalve, G; Sheehan, AF; Shearer, P; Wu, F; Rajaure, S. (SEP 2019). Mantle earthquakes in the Himalayan collision zone. GEOLOGY, 47(9), 815-819. 10.1130/G46378.1
  • Gal, M, AM Reading, N Rawlinson and V Schulte-Pelkum. (AUG 2018). Matched Field Processing of Three-Component Seismic Array Data Applied to Rayleigh and Love Microseisms. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SOLID EARTH, 123(8), 6871-6889. 10.1029/2018JB015526
  • Allam, AA, V Schulte-Pelkum, Y Ben-Zion, C Tape, N Ruppert and ZE Ross. (28-Nov 2017). Ten kilometer vertical Moho offset and shallow velocity contrast along the Denali fault zone from double-difference tomography, receiver functions, and fault zone head waves. TECTONOPHYSICS, 721, 56-69. 10.1016/j.tecto.2017.09.003
  • Schulte-Pelkum, V, KH Mahan, WS Shen and JC Stachnik. (AUG 2017). The distribution and composition of high-velocity lower crust across the continental US: Comparison of seismic and xenolith data and implications for lithospheric dynamics and history. TECTONICS, 36(8), 1455-1496. 10.1002/2017TC004480
  • Brownlee, SJ, V Schulte-Pelkum, A Raju, K Mahan, C Condit and OF Orlandini. (SEP 2017). Characteristics of deep crustal seismic anisotropy from a compilation of rock elasticity tensors and their expression in receiver functions. TECTONICS, 36(9), 1835-1857. 10.1002/2017TC004625
  • McNamara, DE, WL Yeck, WD Barnhart, V Schulte-Pelkum, E Bergman, LB Adhikari, A Dixit, SE Hough, HM Benz and PS Earle. (13-Sep 2017). Source modeling of the 2015 Mw 7.8 Nepal (Gorkha) earthquake sequence: Implications for geodynamics and earthquake hazards. TECTONOPHYSICS, 714, 21-30. 10.1016/j.tecto.2016.08.004
  • Schulte-Pelkum, V and KH Mahan. (NOV 2014). Imaging Faults and Shear Zones Using Receiver Functions. PURE AND APPLIED GEOPHYSICS, 171(11), 2967-2991. 10.1007/s00024-014-0853-4
  • Schulte-Pelkum, V and KH Mahan. (15-Sep 2014). A method for mapping crustal deformation and anisotropy with receiver functions and first results from USArray. EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS, 402, 221-233. 10.1016/j.epsl.2014.01.050
  • Levandowski, W, CH Jones, WS Shen, MH Ritzwoller and V Schulte-Pelkum. (MAR 2014). Origins of topography in the western US: Mapping crustal and upper mantle density variations using a uniform seismic velocity model. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SOLID EARTH, 119(3), 2375-2396. 10.1002/2013JB010607
  • Shen, WS, MH Ritzwoller and V Schulte-Pelkum. (AUG 2013). Crustal and uppermost mantle structure in the central US encompassing the Midcontinent Rift. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SOLID EARTH, 118(8), 4325-4344. 10.1002/jgrb.50321
  • Yeck, WL, AF Sheehan and V Schulte-Pelkum. (JUN 2013). Sequential H-kappa Stacking to Obtain Accurate Crustal Thicknesses beneath Sedimentary Basins. BULLETIN OF THE SEISMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, 103(3), 2142-2150. 10.1785/0120120290
  • Shen, WS, MH Ritzwoller and V Schulte-Pelkum. (JAN 2013). A 3-D model of the crust and uppermost mantle beneath the Central and Western US by joint inversion of receiver functions and surface wave dispersion. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SOLID EARTH, 118(1), 262-276. 10.1029/2012JB009602
  • Shen, WS, MH Ritzwoller, V Schulte-Pelkum and FC Lin. (FEB 2013). Joint inversion of surface wave dispersion and receiver functions: a Bayesian Monte-Carlo approach. GEOPHYSICAL JOURNAL INTERNATIONAL, 192(2), 807-836. 10.1093/gji/ggs050
  • Schulte-Pelkum, V and Y Ben-Zion. (DEC 2012). Apparent Vertical Moho Offsets under Continental Strike-Slip Faults from Lithology Contrasts in the Seismogenic Crust. BULLETIN OF THE SEISMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, 102(6), 2757-2763. 10.1785/0120120139
  • Mahan, KH, V Schulte-Pelkum, TJ Blackburn, SA Bowring and FO Dudas. (18-Oct 2012). Seismic structure and lithospheric rheology from deep crustal xenoliths, central Montana, USA. GEOCHEMISTRY GEOPHYSICS GEOSYSTEMS, 13. 10.1029/2012GC004332
  • Schulte-Pelkum, V, G Biasi, A Sheehan and C Jones. (SEP 2011). Differential motion between upper crust and lithospheric mantle in the central Basin and Range. NATURE GEOSCIENCE, 4(9), 619-623. 10.1038/ngeo1229
  • van Wijk, K, TD Mikesell, V Schulte-Pelkum and J Stachnik. (16-Aug 2011). Estimating the Rayleigh-wave impulse response between seismic stations with the cross terms of the Green tensor. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 38. 10.1029/2011GL047442
  • Becker, TW, V Schulte-Pelkum, DK Blackman, JB Kellogg and RJ O'Connell. (30-Jul 2006). Mantle flow under the western United States from shear wave splitting. EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS, 247(4-Mar), 235-251. 10.1016/j.epsl.2006.05.010
  • Becker, TW, S Chevrot, V Schulte-Pelkum and DK Blackman. (24-Aug 2006). Statistical properties of seismic anisotropy predicted by upper mantle geodynamic models. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SOLID EARTH, 111(B8). 10.1029/2005JB004095
  • Monsalve, G, A Sheehan, V Schulte-Pelkum, S Rajaure, MR Pandey and F Wu. (3-Oct 2006). Seismicity and one-dimensional velocity structure of the Himalayan collision zone: Earthquakes in the crust and upper mantle. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SOLID EARTH, 111(B10). 10.1029/2005JB004062
  • Schulte-Pelkum, V, G Monsalve, A Sheehan, MR Pandey, S Sapkota, R Bilham and F Wu. (30-Jun 2005). Imaging the Indian subcontinent beneath the Himalaya. NATURE, 435(7046), 1222-1225. 10.1038/nature03678
  • Schulte-Pelkum, V, PS Earle and FL Vernon. (11-Mar 2004). Strong directivity of ocean-generated seismic noise. GEOCHEMISTRY GEOPHYSICS GEOSYSTEMS, 5. 10.1029/2003GC000520
  • Schulte-Pelkum, V, FL Vernon and J Eakins. (APR 2003). Large teleseismic P wavefront deflections observed with broadband arrays. BULLETIN OF THE SEISMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, 93(2), 747-756. 10.1785/0120020126
  • Schulte-Pelkum, V and DK Blackman. (JUL 2003). A synthesis of seismic P and S anisotropy. GEOPHYSICAL JOURNAL INTERNATIONAL, 154(1), 166-178. 10.1046/j.1365-246X.2003.01951.x